Crop Report: Issue 5, June 4, 2018

 
 
 
Weekly Provincial Summary
  • Seeding progress estimated at 99% complete across Manitoba.
  • Widespread rainfall throughout Manitoba, although amounts variable within each region.  The recent rains and warm temperatures have resulted in rapid crop growth. 
  • Herbicide applications continue as field conditions allow and crop and weeds reach the appropriate stage.
  • Flea beetle activity reported throughout the province, with control measures necessary in some fields.  Cutworm activity has been reported in canola and sunflowers.
  • Pasture and hayland conditions have improved, most cattle are now on pasture. 

 

Table 1: Seeding progress in 2018 compared to 2017 and the 5 year average.
Seeding Date
This Year 
Last Year
5 year average
Week/Month
2018
2017
2013-2017
<5
1%
2%
7%
1:05
26%
30%
27%
2:05
55%
59%
51%
3:05
80%
80%
72%
4:05
94%
95%
88%
1:06
99%
99%
96%
2:06
-
100%
99%
3:06
-
100%
100%
4:06
-
100%
100%
>6
 -
100%
100%
Source: 2018 seeding progression from Regional Crop Reporters,
             2017 and 5 year average seeding progression from MASC Seeded Acreage Reports.
 
Southwest Region
Rain showers with thunderstorms slowed seeding progress. Some areas have excess moisture with standing water in low spots.  Kenton and Macaulay received over 100 mm of rain, while areas such as Deloraine and Melita are still below normal rainfall. Cool temperatures experienced overnight on the weekend, but no adverse effects reported. 
 
Overall seeding 95% complete.  Early seeded cereals are tillering and late seeded cereals are at the 3 to 4 leaf stage.  Canola crop stage varies from just emerging to two leaf stage due to earlier dry soil conditions.  There are reports of reseeding claims with MASC due to excess flea beetle feeding.  Spraying has occurred in canola for cutworms and flea beetles, and in sunflowers for cutworms. 
 
Peas are at the 3-4 node stage. Soybean seeding is almost complete.  Stage ranges from emerging to unifoliate.  Grain and silage corn seeding is 90% complete, and is at the 1-2 leaf stage. 
 
Herbicide applications mostly complete in winter wheat and fall rye. Herbicide applications have started in spring cereals and will continue as fields dry. 
 
The recent rains have improved forage growth and most cattle are on pasture. Dugout levels range from low to sufficient but will depend on summer precipitation to get through the grazing season. Pastures that were grazed hard last fall have greened up but remain short and are starting to head out.
 
Northwest Region
Heavy rainfall throughout the Northwest Region brought field operations to a halt.  Areas around Dauphin received upwards of 60 mm, Roblin area 75 to 92 mm, Swan River 45 to 60mm and The Pas area 40 mm.  Soil moisture conditions have changed from dry to adequate for most of the region with some ponding in low-lying areas. 
 
Overall, seeding is 95 to 100% complete, with The Pas estimated at 80% complete. Seeding of spring wheat is 95% complete and 50% is emerging. Canola emergence is at 50% fields emerged.  Some reports of slow emergence and some reseeding due to heavy rains the previous week causing washouts and crusting. Soybean seeding is 95 to 100% complete and plants are emerging.  Field pea and lentil seeding is complete and are starting to emerge.  Winter cereals in the Roblin area are tillering.
 
Herbicide applications started as field conditions allowed and crops reached the proper stage.  There are reports of spraying for flea beetles in some canola in the Swan River Valley.
 
Hay and pasture conditions have improved with recent widespread heat and rainfall events.  In the more advanced fields, alfalfa growth is reported at 26 inches in height with plants in the early to late bud stage.  Remaining herds are being hauled to pasture with, for the most part, growth sufficient to meet the animals’ needs.  Older and less managed sites will require supplementation.  Haul out has been more challenging with poor pen and yard conditions in areas that have received heavy rainfall.
Central Region
Above normal temperatures prevailed during the fist part of the week with cool and near normal temperatures later in the week.  Rainfall accumulation ranged from 8 mm in Altona to 72 mm in Clearwater, with most areas receiving 15 to 25 mm of precipitation.  Strong winds accompanied the rain in the western side of the region above the escarpment.  This moisture was generally welcome to help replenish topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions.
 
Seeding considered complete with the exception of fields that need to be reseeded due to poor emergence or insect pressure. 
 
Wheat, oats, and barley are in the 2 to 4 leaf stage.  Corn is in the 2 to 6 leaf stage. Fall rye is starting to head. Growth was moderated by the dry conditions but the crop is benefitting from the recent rains.
 
Canola and flax seeding is mostly complete.  Some canola being reseeded due to flea beetle damage and uneven emergence due to dry seedbed conditions.   Flea beetle pressure in canola continues and insecticide applications occurring where necessary. Canola varies from the cotyledon to 2 leaf stage. Growth is improving with the recent rains. Diamond back moth trap counts are very low to date.
 
Early planted peas in the Red River valley have had herbicide applications.  Soybean range from just emerging to the 2nd trifoliate stage.  Post emergence rolling of soybean fields is taking place where crops are in the 1st trifoliate stage.
 
Potato planting is complete. Some fields are in the early sprout stage while others have more advanced vegetative growth. Some between hilling being done for weed control.
 
Edible bean planting complete with some fields showing emergence less than 7 days after planting indicating good growing conditions.
 
Weed control is progressing well and most advanced in cereals.  Rains temporarily stopped field operations, but herbicide applications expected to ramp up this week as crops come into the proper stage. 
 
Pasture conditions rated as fair but range from poor to good and are improving since the recent precipitation. Green feed is being planted to help compensate for poor hay yields if dry conditions continue. First cut of alfalfa is expected to be below normal due to the dry conditions of the start of the season. Lack of spring rainfall to sustain forage growth remains a concern but the recent rains are helping to stimulate growth. Cattle being turned out onto pastures as growth improves.  There are many dandelions in hay fields and pastures. Livestock water supply is adequate, but  would benefit from significant precipitation. Where possible some producers have been pumping water into their dugouts to improve supplies.
 
Eastern Region
Rainfall accumulation varied from 3 mm to over 80 mm in Winnipeg.  Showers mixed with thunderstorms and isolated heavy rainfall made for uneven rainfall accumulations across the region.  Overall soil moisture in the region rated as adequate, but some areas could use more rain.   
 
Winter wheat is at the 5 leaf stage with stems elongating.  Spring cereals are at the 4 to 5 leaf stage with 1 to 3 tillers. Canola is in the 2 to 4 leaf stage. Soybeans are in the cotyledon to 1st true leaf with a few fields showing an early 1st trifoliate leaf emerging.  Corn is in the V2-3 stage.  All fields are showing clear rows, but crops and weeds have a lot of staginess due to the changing soil moisture conditions throughout May. 
 
Spraying progress varies greatly across the region, and ranges from very little completed to first pass completed on corn and soybeans.  Field access has been an issue due to rainfall and relatively poor drying conditions.  The larger issue has been the staginess of both crop and weeds, producers have had to wait in order to get proper crop stage timing of crop or weeds in order to get maximum product performance.  Some have had to switch to more flexible chemistries in order to accommodate what is happening in their fields.  Rapid spraying progress is expected this week if the weather cooperates.
A few reports of cutworms, but below threshold and no reports of spraying.  Flea beetle damage on canola has resulted in a small amount of spraying.  Fields are being monitored.  A few reports of canola re-seeding occurring with the issue yet to be determined.
Hay and pasture moisture conditions were rated at 80% adequate, 10% short and 10% very short.  Hay and pasture condition was rated at 50% good and 50% fair.  Rainfall throughout the week was much needed for pastures and hay fields. Pastures have started to pick up with, producers hauling more livestock. About 90% of the livestock are on pasture. Dugouts remain constant at 75% full.
 
Interlake Region
Rainfall continues to be extremely variable throughout the region; but all areas have now received some precipitation.  Highest amounts were seen at Fisherton with 67 mm; Taylor’s Point with 44 mm; Narcisse with 36 mm; and Eriksdale with 32 mm.   Surface soil moisture is currently adequate in most areas.
  
Seeding is complete.   The recent rains have allowed for germination of small seeded crops.  Seeds that were sitting in dry soils are starting to emerge, as are those that were seeded deeper to moisture.
 
Winter wheat and fall rye fields have had noticeable growth with recent rains.  Germination has been stagey in many cereal and canola fields; rains have aided in filling in the gaps. The most consistent germination and emergence seems to be in fields seeded with minimal soil disturbance.
 
Cereals range from emerging to early six leaf and some tillering, with most in the 3 to 4 leaf stage.  Corn is emerging to 3 leaf; growth has slowed with cooler temperatures.  Pea fields are up to 6” in height.  Canola ranges from emerging to 4 leaf, with most in the 2 leaf stage.   Soybeans are emerging to unifoliate stage, with a few fields in early 1st trifoliate.
 
Herbicide applications to cereals occurring, as conditions allow.  Applications in canola and soybeans continue; the majority of fields will receive two applications, due to staginess of both crop and weeds.  Weed growth has been slow due to environmental conditions.   
 
Variable flea beetle activity continues throughout the region.  Hotspots reported in early seeded fields where seed treatment protection has run its course.   Insecticide applications continue as required.  Canola growth has slowed with cooler temperatures, and continued monitoring will be necessary until the crop is past the susceptible stage.  
 
Monitoring for alfalfa weevil larvae continues; no significant numbers reported to date.  Diamondback moth traps numbers remain low.  Bertha armyworm moth traps will go up this week.
 
Rains have advanced hay and pasture dramatically, but additional rain is needed.  Alfalfa has advanced from late vegetative stage to early bud stage in most of the region, and stems have elongated 3 to 5 inches this past week.  First cut in hay will be delayed due to slow growth. Fertilizer applications were made to a number of fields prior to rains.  Most silage corn is seeded and varies from emergence to 4 leaf stage.
 
Supplemental cattle feeding continues, but declining as pasture growth improves.  A third of cattle are on summer pasture; the bulk of the cattle will be on summer pasture within a week.  Drinking water is adequate although dugouts are only 1/3 to 2/3.  New dugouts being dug, and some are being dug deeper in response to low water levels.