Agriculture

Crop Report: Issue 7, June 17, 2013

Reporting Area MapCrop Production Report Crop Weather ReportPast Reports

  

Weekly Provincial Summary 

  • Seeding operations are wrapping up for the 2013 season in Manitoba.  The only remaining acres left to be seeded include greenfeed, millet crops and some isolated acres of barley and oats.
  • Reseeding of spring seeded crops occurred due to factors such as soil crusting, insect activity and disease.
  • Weed control operations progressed rapidly but were hampered by windy weather conditions in some areas. Weed control will remain a priority for producers as crops and weeds continue to advance.
  • Insect activity increased over the past week.  Control measures for flea beetles and cutworms were necessary in some fields; monitoring will continue.
  • Many areas of Manitoba received precipitation in scattered thundershowers and accumulations varied from trace amounts up to 55 mm.  Hail was reported in isolated areas on Monday, June 10 but to date minimal damage to crops was reported.
  • The continuing cooler weather is slowing development of crop types such as soybeans and grain corn.  However, a return to warmer temperatures should allow those crop types to advance quickly. 
  • Dairy producers have started first cut of hay with average yields reported to date.

  

Southwest Region

Rainfall amounts across the Southwest Region were variable, ranging from 5 to 30 mm, with heavier amounts and pea-sized hail reported in isolated thundershowers. Damage from the hail was negligible due to the early growth stages of most crops. These recent rains were beneficial to emerging oilseeds that were damaged by earlier frost events and the severe flea beetle pressure being experienced throughout much of the region. Soil moisture is generally adequate across the region but surplus along the Manitoba/U.S. border.

Seeding in the extreme southern portions of the region is now virtually complete with most acres being planted. Weed control spraying operations continued to make significant progress early last week due to several calm days. Weed control measures in spring wheat are now 75 to 80% complete, field peas 85 to 90%, malt barley 75 to 80%, flax and oats 50 to 60% complete and Liberty canola 40 to 50% complete. First pass glyphosate applications on canola, corn and soybeans are estimated to be 75 to 80% complete.

Insect activity intensified last week. Flea beetle feeding in canola is requiring additional control measures to be taken throughout much of the region. There are some isolated reports of reseeding having occurred due to severe flea beetle feeding. Cutworm damage increased over this past week with most reports of activity coming from northern regions in the Birtle, Rossburn, Strathclair and Hamiota areas where control measures were taken.

Winter wheat and fall rye benefited from recent rains and cooler temperatures allowing for better tiller development. Fall rye is entering the shot blade stage while winter wheat is in the first node stage of development.

Pasture and hay growth continues to improve with most forages now entering the reproductive stages of development. Initial yield estimates of first cut alfalfa stands improved slightly from last week, ranging from 70 to 75% of normal in northern portions of the region and 85 to 95% of normal in southern regions. Water levels in sloughs and dugouts remain at 75 to 80% capacity in northern areas and 80 to 90% in southern areas.

  

Northwest Region

Through the latter part of last week, periods of unstable weather conditions including higher winds, cooler temperatures and scattered thundershowers, affected most of the Northwest Region. Precipitation amounts varied widely with ranges of 5 to 25 mm with Winnipegosis and The Pas areas receiving the highest amounts. Soil moisture is generally adequate.

 
In localized sectors, short season crops and greenfeed cereals planting are completed. Crop growth is developing favorably with crop conditions rated of 70% cereals as excellent and canola at 70% good. Cereal crops are 80% at tillering stages, canola 65% seedling and 35% emerging or cotyledon, and 65% of the soybeans are at unifoliate staging or less.  Most advanced crop development is through Roblin, Russell and Swan River areas.
  
Weed growth is significant with several flushes following previous scattered rain shower events. Herbicide applications, while somewhat hindered by weather conditions, is at 65% completed overall. Area variability of seeding dates and crop staging also is reflected in the extent of acres left to be sprayed for weed control.

 

Some reports of high flea beetle populations requiring treatment. Fields impacted tend to be the earliest seeded canola. Localized reports of cutworm activity are also reported. Canola insect trap counts continue to be very low.

Condition of forage and pasture are rated as good. Moisture supply is good to fair and some warmer temperatures are needed to increase growth rates. Dugout water levels remain adequate in all areas.
 

 

Central Region

Rain showers and moderate temperatures were seen across most of the Central Region, with minimal accumulations for the most part. A narrow strip of hail went through the Sewell/Lowe Farm area on Monday, with a few areas seeing 15 mm of rain. Showers and minor hail were seen over the weekend in Elm Creek, Fannystelle and Homewood areas. Seeding did continue however and the wettest areas in the southwestern part of the region saw dramatic advancement in seeded acres. Broadcast seeding accounts for some of the progress. Remaining low wet areas may still be finished up this week.  All areas report soil moisture as being adequate to surplus. 

Stands of many crops are uneven. Crusting is an issue on some fields following heavy rains; reseeding is required for some crops, including soybeans and canola. 
 
Cereal crops are in the seedling/ tiller stage. Spraying continues in the latest seeded fields.  Leaf diseases are evident, especially in fields with cereal stubble from the previous year.  Some cereals, particularly oats, were reseeded due to seed rot.
 
Canola development ranges from just emerging to rosette stage. Many fields received a first herbicide application. Cooler temperatures resulted in slower growth, and flea beetle feeding is a concern in much of the region. Some fields were sprayed multiple times due to heavy feeding pressure; fields continue to be monitored closely. Some fields are reseeded, due to the heavy flea beetle pressure/thin stands, particularly the earliest seeded fields. Flea beetle feeding is also evident in more advanced fields.
 
Corn crops are improving in colour and herbicide applications continue. There are some reports of cutworm damage. Soybean development ranges from just emerging to early trifoliate stage. Most fields have seen one application of glyphosate. Growth is slow, particularly for soybeans. Warmer temperatures are needed to advance both soybeans and corn crops.
 
Winter wheat is entering the flag leaf stage; fungicide applications may start later this week. Most fields have variable crop staging and timing for fusarium head blight suppression, if necessary, will be difficult.

 

Weeds are quite advanced in some fields and causing challenges. Windy conditions interfered with and delayed herbicide applications.
 
Cutworms are reported in corn and broadleaf crops. Some insecticide application is required.  Diamondback moth monitoring continues. Trap counts are highest in eastern parts of the region.
 
First cut high quality alfalfa started last week with average yields expected. Hay fields are slow to progress with the average to cooler temperatures. Leaf spotting diseases is showing up in some alfalfa fields. Pastures are growing rapidly; timely rains will be needed for maintaining growth in the driest areas.  Dugouts are full.
 

 

Eastern Region

Rainfall amounts of 2 to 25 mm fell this past week in the Eastern Region. Most areas across the region report soil moisture as adequate to surplus.  There are a few areas that would welcome some precipitation.
 
A storm with hail and strong winds went through parts of the region on Monday.  Fields in a line from Tyndall/Garson to just south of Beausejour, through by Anola/Garven Road area to Elma were impacted.  Hail was thumb-sized and there was some wind damage.  Most producers are concerned about winter wheat in the boot stage of development and soybeans; fields continue to be monitored.
 
Seeding is essentially complete in the Eastern Region with some late seeded oats yet to be sown.  Crop stages across the region are: winter wheat at stem elongation with some acres at early heading, spring cereals at tillering, canola is at seedling, soybeans at emergence to vegetative stages, sunflowers at vegetative stages and corn at V1 to V5.  Length of soybean emergence time was noted; dry soil conditions and deeper seeding is delaying emergence in those cases.  There are also reports of seed rots in soybeans and seedling disease in spring cereals. 
 
Herbicide applications are underway with good progress being made.  In the northern areas of the region, approximately 80% of the spring cereals are sprayed.  Weed control on canola acres across the region is at 20% complete.  Some fields were sprayed again for control of wild oats due their advanced growth stages. Glyphosate applications on corn and soybeans are estimated at 80 to 100% complete; some fields may receive a second application to control the later-emerging weeds.  Weed control is complete in sunflowers.
 
Fungicide applications are starting in winter wheat with further treatments to be applied in the coming week as crops enter the heading stage.  Areas that are wetter are reporting increased downy mildew and tan spot pressure.
 
Insect pressure increased over the past week.  Many sunflowers acres are sprayed for cutworms; cutworms are noted in some canola fields as well.  Flea beetle activity in canola resulted in some isolated spraying.  Close monitoring continues but in most cases seed treatments are still active. 
 
Hay conditions in the region are rated as 60% to 80% good, 20% fair and 20% poor.  Haying began in the region with most of the activity in the dairy sector; up to 25% of the first cut is complete.  Most forage stands to be used for beef herds are still standing. Average first cut yields are alfalfa 1.2 tons, grass/alfalfa 1.5 tons, other tame hay 1.6 tons and wild hay 0.6 tons.
 
Pasture conditions in the region are rated as 75% to 80% good to 20 to 25% fair in the region. Livestock water supply, including dugouts, is rated at 100% adequate.
 
 

Interlake Region

Scattered shower, along with warm temperatures, were reported throughout the Interlake Region. Moosehorn received the most precipitation with amounts ranging from 50 to 55 mm.  Most other parts of the region received anywhere from 10 to 25 mm. With an increase in temperatures along with precipitation, crops are advancing quite well.
 
Seeding throughout the region is essentially complete. In some cases, reseeding is occurring due to cutworm damage. Most cereals range in development from 2 to 6 leaf with tillers, canola from cotyledon to 4 leaf, corn at 2 to 5 leaf stage, and soybeans at unifoliate to second trifoliate.
 
Herbicide spraying is well underway across the region. Field conditions are good and most fields can be sprayed with ground equipment, except for the area surrounding Gypsumville where travelling by ground is not possible due to moisture conditions.
 
In the South Interlake, some producers will start spraying fungicide on winter wheat for flag leaf protection.
Forage grasses started to head out while alfalfa plants are in the pre-bloom stage. Producers are checking their alfalfa seed production fields for alfalfa weevil and lygus bug populations to determine spray timing along with their leaf cutter bee incubation period.
 
Dairy farmers are working on completing first cut of hay. Older stands of hay are coming off fair to average and newer hay stands reported above average yields. Hay fields are still lacking improvement from last weeks report. Pastures are improved. Dugout conditions are good.