Agriculture

Crop Report: Issue 20, September 16, 2013

  

Weekly Provincial Summary

 
  • Warm, dry conditions across most of Manitoba allowed for excellent harvest progress.
    Reported spring wheat yields range from 30 to 85 bushels per acre, barley 60 to 140 bushels
    per acre, oats 85 to 180 bushels per acre, canola 15 to 65 bushels per acre, and edible beans
    2000 pounds per acre. The first acres of soybeans were also harvested with early yield
    reports of 35 to 55 bushels per acre.
  • Most areas of Manitoba reported frost events throughout the weekend. To date, minimal damage to crops has been reported but crops will continue to be assessed over the coming days.
  • Seeding of winter wheat continues across Manitoba. In the Central and Eastern
    Regions, some seeded acres have emerged. It is currently anticipated winter wheat acres will
    decrease from the previous year as a result of decreased availability of stubble prior to
    seeding deadlines, and good yields and quality of the 2013 spring wheat crop.

 

Southwest Region

Above normal temperatures and generally dry conditions resulted in another week of good
harvesting progress throughout the Southwest Region. Light frost was reported over the
weekend; however, damage appears to be minimal at this point.
 
The spring cereal harvest is in its final stages with 75 to 85% of the crop harvested. Yield
reports continue to come in well above average with above average bushel weights and
generally lower protein levels. Much of the remaining cereal acres to be harvested are late
seeded oats and feed barley.
 
The canola harvest saw good progress at 30 to 40% completed; the greatest progress was made
in southern areas. Yield reports for canola continue to be variable and are ranging from 30
to 65 bu/acre. Disease, early season insect damage, excess moisture and frost injury are the
main reasons for the lower yields reported.
 
The majority of flax fields have seen pre-harvest desiccation applied and are awaiting dry
down prior to harvest. The field pea harvest is complete with generally above average yields
and quality.
 
Corn and soybeans continue to benefit from the warmer temperatures. The light frost over the
weekend had minimal to little impact on these sensitive crops. The majority of soybeans are
in the R7 stage of development. Some fields in the more southern areas of the region are
approaching 75 to 95% brown pod (R8). Most corn crops are in the dough stage of development
(R4), with some of the earlier planted fields entering the dent stage of development (R5).
 
Sunflowers are in the R7 stage of development where the back of the heads begin to turn a
pale yellow, with some of the earlier seeded fields in the R8 stage of development where the
back of the head is yellow but the bracts remain green.
 
Winter wheat and fall rye seeding increased slightly last week with the increase in harvested
acres. However, many growers remain concerned with the dry soil conditions and have delayed
planting.
 
Producers continue to move cattle to fall pastures and harvested crop stubble as supplemental
pasture. Grass cattle and weaned calves are being moved to feedlots and/or marketed. The
second cut alfalfa harvest is 75 to 80% complete with the remainder of the crop still
awaiting a killing frost prior to being harvested. Slough and marsh hay continue to be
harvested to supplement winter feed supplies across the region. The greenfeed and cereal
silage harvest is virtually complete with only the corn silage harvest remaining.
 
Water levels in sloughs and dugouts are at 50 to 60% of capacity in northern and central
regions and 75 to 80% of capacity in southern regions.
 
 

Northwest Region

Warm daytime temperatures and light to moderate winds dominated harvest conditions across the
Northwest Region. Cooling overnight temperatures and higher humidity occasionally delayed
early morning combining until dew dried off. Isolated rain showers and some hail occurred
through Dauphin area on Tuesday, with some shelling of swathed canola reported. Grandview,
Swan River and The Pas report light frost over Sunday night.
 
With the favorable harvest weather, an estimated 45% of total acres are combined. Harvest
operations through Roblin, Dauphin and Ste. Rose areas are more advanced than the Ethelbert,
Swan Valley and The Pas sectors. Expected yield averages continue to improve as harvested
acres increase. An estimated 45% of canola acres are in swath and 35% is combined and
yielding from 15 to 65 bu/acre. Overall quality and grade is very good.
 
Spring cereal harvest progress is at 65% combined and 25% swathed or ready for straight
combining. Up to 75% of spring wheat harvest is complete and yields range from 30 to 85
bu/acre with overall average of 65 bu/acre. Spring wheat is grading mostly #1 and #2 with
many bushel weights up to 65 lb/acre and protein levels at around 13.5%.
 
Soybeans around the Dauphin and Ste Rose areas are maturing with many fields dropping leaves.
Much of the generally later fields through Fork River and Grandview are beginning to mature
and are showing color change.
 
A limited amount of winter wheat and fall rye acres are seeded.
 
With the very good harvest conditions, straw is being baled and removed and field tillage
work is also being completed. Straw yields and quality are very good. Some post harvest
herbicide weed control treatments are being done.
 
Some late forage harvest continues on tame and native forage lands. Some forage shortfall
still exists through the early season moisture and flood impacted lands in the Westlake and
The Pas areas. Regional surpluses of forage and straw are available. Pastures conditions are
rated as 20% good, 55% fair and 25% poor. Livestock water levels remain adequate in all
areas.
 
 

Central Region

Above average temperatures and minimal rainfall generally allowed for rapid crop maturity and
good harvest conditions in the Central Region. However, scattered showers did delay some
combining operations. Rainfall amounts ranged from 0 to 10 mm for most of the region, while
the southwest area received 10 to 17 mm. Light frost was reported throughout the region.
Impact is expected to be minimal in most cases although not confirmed at this point. Late
seeded canola and soybean acres are of most concern.
 
Across the region harvest progress is as follows: spring wheat 70 to 100% complete, barley 60
to 100% complete, oats 50 to 100% complete, canola 50 to 100% complete, edible bean 20%
complete. Another good week of weather will see the majority of cereals and canola harvested.
Yields and quality are generally good for cereals and oilseeds. Hard red spring wheat yields
range from 40 to 80 bu/acre; general purpose wheat 80 to 105 bu/acre; barley 75 to 140
bu/acre, oats 90 to 180 bu/acre and canola from 25 to 65 bu/acre. A few quality issues
reported in spring wheat with respect to lower protein levels (range from 12 to 14%) and
downgrading to #2 Canada due to colour loss as a result of rain. High yields in general
purpose wheat are combined with low protein levels in some cases. There are a few reports of
downgrading due to ergot.
 
Edible bean harvest continues with yield reports in the 2000 lb/acre range.
 
The first acres of soybeans have been harvested with early yield reports of 35 to 55 bu/acre.
However, the majority of the crop still requires more time to reach maturity. Grain corn
growth stage ranges from dough (R4) stage to dent (R5) stage, with some fields close to
physiological maturity. Drydown is noticeable in the earliest varieties, encouraged by lack
of significant rains.
 
Winter wheat seeding continues as canola acres are harvested. Seeded acres are expected to be
similar to lower than last year, due to a later canola harvest and excellent spring wheat
yields. Recent rains and warm weather will be beneficial for germination; some crop has
emerged.
 
Livestock producers are working on greenfeed and cereal silage harvest. Haying continues with
a number of producers trying to finish second cut. Yields are expected to be average at best
for most areas. Winter feed supplies will be inadequate for some producers. Pastures are
browning in some areas and rain is needed to rejuvenate stands. Dugouts are full.
 
 

Eastern Region

Crop development in the Eastern Region slowed slightly compared to the previous week due to
cloudy, cool days and sporadic showers. Frost was reported in the northern part of the region
on Sunday and Monday mornings. The impact to longer seasoned crop’s yield and quality is not
yet known and will depend on temperature, duration and crop growth stage.
 
Harvest is estimated at 60% complete in the Eastern Region. Average yields for the region
are: winter wheat 70 to 80 bu/acre, spring wheat 45 to 60 bu/acre, barley 85 bu/acre, oats
100 to 125 bu/acre and canola 40 bu/acre.
 
Soybeans are at R7 stage of development. The most advanced, short seasoned varieties are
almost fully mature. Some preliminary harvesting may start this week. Corn is in the dent
(R5) stage with the milk line moving down the kernel. Corn silage harvest is underway with
yields well above average. Sunflower development is at R8 with bract browning in progress.
Winter wheat seeding in the Eastern Region is wrapping up; some fields are at the 1 to 2 leaf
stage.
 
Winter feed supply status is: hay at 5 to 10% surplus, 80 to 90% adequate and 5 to 10%
inadequate; straw at 100% surplus, greenfeed at 100% adequate and feed grains at 5 to 10%
surplus, 80 to 90% adequate and 5 to 10% inadequate. Pasture conditions in the region are
rated as 60% good, 30% fair and 10% poor in the region. Livestock water supply is rated at
100% adequate.
 

Interlake Region

In the Interlake Region, weather was generally sunny with scattered showers on a few days.
Rain accumulations were minimal but did cause harvest delays in some areas. Frost occurred
over the weekend in the Arborg, Fisher Branch and Eriksdale areas.
 
Cereal and canola harvest is nearly complete. A few crops remain as persistent green kernels
are slow to ripen. Soybean harvest is set to begin in the south and is about a week away in
the north. Frost will accelerate the dry down of soybeans and may have damaged some of the
crops that were not yet mature. Alfalfa seed harvest started in drier areas of the region.
 
Winter wheat seeding is continuing with seeding deadlines approaching.
 
Haying continues with good quality being reported. Access to low meadows is better than
expected and will help to boost feed supplies. Pastures are in good condition, although some
farms are feeding cattle on pastures. Pasture water supplies are still adequate.