Agriculture

Crop Report: Issue 22, September 30, 2013

  

Weekly Provincial Summary

 
  • In Manitoba, harvest progress once again slowed over the past week due to rainfall.
    Harvest operations will resume once field and weather conditions permit.
  • Spring cereals and canola harvests are the most advanced, with producers making
    progress on soybeans, edible beans, potatoes, flax, corn silage and greenfeed. Sunflower and
    grain corn harvest has yet to start. 
  • Fall field work, including tillage, baling of straw, and soil testing is on-going.
     

Southwest Region


The Southwest Region experienced limited harvest progress last week due to continued
widespread rainfall; amounts ranged from 10 to 50 mm with higher levels reported in scattered
thunderstorms. Light frost was reported during the week. However, a widespread killing frost
has yet to occur.
 
The spring cereal harvest is 80 to 85% harvested. Some quality loss and lower grades due to
weathering is reported. Canola also experienced limited harvest progress last week with only
straight cut canola approaching harvestable moisture levels; harvest progress is at 35 to 40%
complete. Flax saw little to no harvest progress with most fields awaiting dry down.
 
The scattered light frost events have halted soybean growth throughout the region. Soybeans
in the more southern regions generally reached maturation (R8) while growth in more northern
locations reached the yellow to brown pod (R7) stage on the top pods. Most corn crops
experienced leaf burn from the most recent frost events. Corn development in the more
southern areas is fully in the dent stage of development with the milk line at 50%. Corn in
more northern regions is just beginning to dent. The light frost events have also halted
sunflower growth with most crops at physiological maturity (R9) where the back of the heads
are yellow and the bracts are browning.
 
Winter wheat and fall rye plantings benefited from recent rains and above seasonal
temperatures and are fully emerged and in the one to three leaf stages. Some limited planting
occurred last week due to the ideal conditions.
 
Producers continue to move cattle to fall pastures and harvested crop stubble. Grass cattle
and weaned calves continue to be moved to feedlots and/or are marketed. The second cut
alfalfa harvest is 75 to 80% complete with the remainder to be cut when drier weather is
forecast. The corn silage harvest is just beginning with above average yields reported.
 
Winter feed supplies are approaching adequate levels with the above average silage and second
cut alfalfa hay yields. Access to additional slough hay and lower feed grain prices are also
alleviating any feed shortage concerns. Water levels in sloughs and dugouts remain at 50 to
60% of capacity in northern and central regions and 75 to 80% of capacity in southern
regions.
 
 

Northwest Region

Throughout the Northwest Region, harvest operations were delayed by rainfall accumulations
ranging from 15 to 80 mm. The highest amounts were reported in the area north of Ethelbert
and Swan Valley, with lighter precipitation around Ste. Rose and Roblin. Crop drying
conditions remained poor with cooler temperatures and cloudy conditions. However, on the
weekend some limited harvest operations were able to resume.
 
Overall, harvested acres only increased slightly to an estimated 70%. Average to above
average yield trends continue to be confirmed; lower yields are reported where early season
moisture impacts occurred. Yields to date are: spring wheat 40 to 85 bu/acre; canola 15 to 60
bu/acre; oats 75 to 150 bu/acre and barley 50 to 100 bu/acre.
 
An estimated 50% of canola acres are in swath and 45% combined. Cereals are 75% combined, 25%
swathed or ready for straight combining. Spring wheat is 90% combined and oats is 50%
combined. Early in the week, some soybeans were harvested near Ste. Rose with yields at 40 to
45 bu/acre.
 
The light frosts of the previous week have stopped corn growth and dry down has begun. Later
seeded soybeans have been affected while some forage millet and greenfeed is testing positive
for nitrates.
 
Winter wheat and fall rye growth and development is benefiting from the recent moisture.
Fall field tillage operations are ongoing as field conditions permit, along with baled straw
and forage removal.
 

Central Region

 
In the Central Region, warm temperatures through the week aided harvest operations where
field conditions allowed. Scattered showers in much of the western and northern parts of the
region brought harvest to a halt for most of the week, while cooler weather and rain on the
weekend slowed progress in the east. Rainfall amounted to 10 to 35 mm. Light frost damage is
evident in some corn and soybean fields.
 
Across the region, harvest progress is as follows: spring wheat 90 to 100% complete, barley
90 to 100%, oats 70 to 100%, canola 70 to 100%, edible beans 5 to 50%, flax 20 to 30%, and
soybeans 0 to 30% complete. Harvest progress has slowed due to rainfall, coupled with shorter
days, but continues as conditions allow.
 
Yields and quality are generally good for cereals and oilseeds. A few quality issues reported
on spring wheat due to lower protein levels, and downgrading due to rains. Ergot is also
reported in some areas.
 
Edible bean harvest continues with yield reports in the 2000 lb/acre range. Flax harvest has
begun. Sunflowers are maturing and desiccation has taken place in some fields.
 
Some soybean fields and corn still additional time to mature and fill properly. Soybean
harvest continues, with early yield reports of 30 to 55 bu/acre; most in the 35 to 40 bu/acre
range. Soybean harvest in the western and northern areas of the region should start shortly.
 
Start of grain corn harvest is two to three weeks away. Silage corn harvest continues. Potato
digging started last week with above average yields in the 350 to 450 cwt range.
 
Winter wheat and fall rye are emerging. Germination is rated as average to good, an
improvement compared to 2012.
 
Livestock producers are working on greenfeed and cereal silage. Producers in the western
areas are struggling to put up dry straw.
 
Some post-harvest weed control is being done, but is less than normal in some areas due to a
later harvest or earlier preharvest applications. Baling of straw has limited crop residue
burning. Tillage operations continue, as conditions allow. Soil testing also continues across
the region, partly in response to excellent crop yields this year.
 
Haying continues as conditions allow. In areas where first cut was late or extended, most
second cut will occur after killing frosts. Other areas will take a third cut close to a
killing frost. Yields are expected to be average for most areas in the region. Winter feed
supplies will be inadequate for some producers. Pastures have improved with recent rains;
limited supplemental feeding is taking place.
 

Eastern Region

 
A total of 25 to 75 mm of rain fell in the Eastern Region over last weekend. Harvesting
operations were stopped but will resume as field and weather conditions allow.
 
Harvest is estimated 75% complete. Average yields for the region are: winter wheat 70 to 80
bu/acre, spring wheat 45 to 60 bu/acre, barley 80 to 90 bu/acre, oats 100 to 125 bu/acre,
canola 40 to 60 bu/acre and soybean 40 to 50 bu/acre.
 
Soybeans are at the R8 stage. Soybeans harvest is estimated at 50% complete. Moisture content
was often drier than expected, ranging from 9 to 13%. Corn is at physiological maturity and
is waiting for plant tissue dry down. Sunflowers are at desiccation timing for most fields;
seed is physiologically mature. Winter wheat fields are at the 2 to 4 leaf stage with one
tiller.
 
Winter feed supply status has hay at 5% surplus, 70 to 80% adequate, and 5 to 30% inadequate;
straw at 100% surplus; greenfeed at 100% adequate and feed grains at 5 to 10% surplus, 80 to
90% adequate and 5 to 10% inadequate. Pasture conditions in the region are rated as 40% good,
40% fair, and 20% poor. Livestock water, including dugouts, is rated at 90% adequate and 10%
inadequate.
 

Interlake Region

 
Scattered showers over last week caused harvest and tillage delays across the Interlake
Region. Precipitation amounts were minimal in general, although Teulon, Selkirk and Woodlands
received between 15 and 30 mm on Saturday. The North Interlake received about 15 mm through
the week.
 
Harvest of cereals and canola saw little progress. Soybean harvest is quite advanced in the
southern areas of the region and only just starting in the northern areas. Alfalfa seed
harvest is underway with good yields reported. Fall tillage is general with good soil
conditions reported.
 
Hay supplies are good across the region with only isolated shortages reported in areas
experiencing prolonged drought or in those areas recovering from 2011. Pastures are finishing
up with supplemental feeding taking place in many areas. The Lundar-Eriksdale areas seem to
be most affected by this pasture shortfall.