Agriculture

Crop Report: Issue 8, June 23, 2014

  

Weekly Provincial Summary

  • Seeding operations are essentially complete for the 2014 season with unseeded acres due to excess moisture occurring across Manitoba. The majority of unseeded acres are located in the Southwest Region.  However, additional acres of greenfeed may be seeded if field conditions allow.
  • Thunderstorms resulted in precipitation amounts ranging from 9 mm to over 80 mm. The excess moisture is impacting crop growth, particularly in the lower areas of fields. Crop yellowing is evident.
  • Hail was reported in several areas over the weekend; assessments of crop damage are on-going.
  • Herbicide applications continued, but are being hampered by rainfall and wet field conditions. Weed control, and fungicide applications are warranted, will remain a priority for producers as crops continue to advance.
  • Dairy producers have started first cut of hay with average yields reported to date. 
 

Southwest

 
Thunderstorms resulted in variable rainfall amounts across the Southwest Region. Most areas reported 25 mm, with Brandon, Hamiota and northern parts of the south Parkland receiving 80 mm. High winds and hail were also reported.
Limited seeding progress was made over the early part of last week but the excess moisture resulted in unseeded acres across the region. Seeding operations are now complete for the season, with the possible exception of seeding greenfeed crops.
Crops are emerging well, given the compromised seeding conditions. However, there are portions of some fields suffering from compaction and excess moisture. The most recently seeded fields will be dealing with saturated soils and standing water.
Cereal crops range in development as the early seeded crop is being sprayed for weed control and the late seeded crop is just emerging. Weeds are growing rapidly. Because of tight crop rotations, many producers are seeing early disease issues in cereal crops and are adding a fungicide in with herbicide applications.
Early seeded canola is in the rosette stages. Several producers applied the first pass of weed control and will be applying the second pass in the next week. Later seeded canola has emerged and producers are starting first herbicide applications. Soybeans are also emerged with most fields in the first trifoliate stage. Corn ranges from 6 to 16 inches in height.
The winter wheat crop is generally in good condition, although development is slightly behind normal. Most of the crop ranges from the 5 leaf to boot stage of development. The fall rye crop also continues to do well with many fields in the flag leaf to early heading stage. There are no major disease issues to date. If warranted, producers will be applying fungicide to winter wheat once conditions dry for field travel.
Flea beetle populations are noted in some areas; however, populations are declining. Seed treatments and rapid growth of the canola are also minimizing feeding damage. Cutworm feeding activity has increased over the past week; producers are monitoring fields closely.
Pastures and hay fields continue to respond to the recent warmer temperatures and rainfall. Alfalfa is in the bud to early bloom stage with the height of this year’s first cut being 75 to 80% of normal. Some dairy producers started the first cut on alfalfa and most are doing silage because of wet conditions. Dugouts are full to over capacity.
 

Northwest

Rain showers and thunderstorms continue to impact most of the Northwest Region, with rainfall amounts late in the week ranging from 25 mm to over 75 mm. There is standing water in the low lying areas of many fields and crops are starting to exhibit symptoms of excess moisture stress.
The heavy rains ended seeding options for the season, other than potentially some greenfeed acres. Some spraying progress was made last week for weed control, but producers were challenged by wet soil conditions. Unseeded acres remain in The Pas, McCreary, Ste. Rose and Swan River areas.
Fields are showing good germination and even emergence. Peas are growing well with 100% of the crop in the vegetative stage, and 85% of the wheat crop is in the seedling stage. The canola crop is more variable, with 40% of acres just emerging, 40% in the seedling stage and 20% in the rosette stage. Approximately 50% of the soybeans are in the vegetative stage. In-crop herbicide applications are being made as field conditions permit. Excessive moisture is causing localized crop damage and yellowing.
The North Parkland and Valleys North pastures and forage fields remain saturated due to the continuous rains. There was little to no forage harvesting due to the wet conditions, although many are at the proper stage for harvesting dairy quality hay. Dugouts are overflowing and water supply is excessive. 
 

Central

The Central Region saw near normal to below average temperatures during the week. Rainfall accumulations varied greatly, with all areas receiving precipitation Thursday and Friday. Amounts ranged from 10 to 40 mm. Cloudbursts dropped additional amounts over the weekend, with reports of hail in some areas.
Most of the region has completed seeding, with the exception of the northwest corner at 95% complete. Some acres have switched to greenfeed; others are still too wet to seed. Standing water in fields is more common throughout the region, as more fields are saturated with recent rains. Recent rainfall and average temperatures are slowing crop development slightly. Many crops are showing symptoms of excess moisture stress, particularly the broadleaf crops.
Late seeded cereals are in the one to three leaf stages, with the earlier seeded fields ranging from five leaf stage to the tillering to seven leaf stage. The most advanced spring cereals are in early flag stage. Canola growth ranges from cotyledon to as advanced as the rosette and early bolting; majority of acres are in the early rosette stage. Soybeans are in the unifoliate to early third trifoliate stages, with the majority in first to early second trifoliate stage. Most fields are exhibiting some yellowing or iron chlorosis deficiency. Edible beans are emerging to third trifoliate stage. Corn is in the four to eight leaf stage. Peas are up to eight nodes. Sunflowers are four to eight leaf.
Herbicide applications continue, with most of the region reporting 85 to 95% complete. Weeds are growing rapidly with rainfall, field conditions and winds making some operations and timing a struggle. Rutting is evident in the wettest fields. Most cereal fields have been sprayed. Second applications or broadleaf applications are wrapping up in most canola fields. Soybeans have seen a second application in many fields. Edible beans and sunflowers are being sprayed as conditions allow. Herbicide applications will continue in all crops as fields dry.
Most of the winter wheat is in flag leaf to head emergence. Fields are very stagey. Fungicide applications will target leaf diseases, as timing for fusarium head blight will be challenging.
Flea beetle activity is declining. Diamondback moth numbers increased in monitoring traps, but overall numbers are still low. Some larvae are seen. Monitoring began for bertha armyworm moths. Some acres of corn, sunflowers and soybeans were sprayed for cutworms. Grasshoppers are emerging, with high populations noted in some places. Headlands and roadsides were treated where populations were the highest.
Overall hay and pasture moisture conditions are adequate; there are some areas of fields in a surplus position and standing water is evident. Hay crops are at or near first cut timing with alfalfa in late bud to early bloom stage.  Grasses are reported to be somewhat shorter in height.  Quantity and quality could range from good to excellent, depending on harvest weather conditions. Intermittent precipitation and cool growing conditions has generally put haying activity on hold. Pastures are in fair to good condition supplying adequate feed. Water for livestock is adequate.
 

Eastern

Rainfall occurred throughout most of the Eastern Region with amounts ranging from 25 to 30 mm. Thunderstorms brought hail in north-central areas with hail ranging from golf ball to nickel-sized. Crop damage is currently being assessed.
Topsoil moisture levels on the majority of annual crop land in the region are rated as surplus to adequate. Standing water is evident in many fields; cereals, canola and soybeans are starting to show signs of stress including crop yellowing. Cooler than normal temperatures continues to impact crop development.
Many acres were sprayed for weed control over the past week, but limited progress was made in northern parts of the region due to excess moisture. Spraying progress is estimated at 60% complete.
Winter wheat is growing rapidly. Heads are emerging and fungicide applications will continue as field conditions allow.
Cattle in the region are on pasture. Haying has begun with most dairy producers taking first cut of alfalfa. Yields are reported as average to above average. The wet conditions and forecasted rainfall will slow harvest progress. Pastures and hayfields are wet with standing water visible in many areas. Availability of livestock water is rated as 100% adequate.
 

Interlake

Rainfall throughout the week resulted in 20 to 50 mm of precipitation in the Interlake Region. Hail was also reported during the weekend in areas surrounding Stonewall and Selkirk. Rainfall over the last two weeks has resulted in saturated soils.
In parts of the Interlake Region, established crops are starting to yellow due to excess moisture and saturated soils. Herbicide spraying is sporadic due to frequent rainfall.
Winter wheat has started to head in parts of south Interlake and spraying for fusarium head blight suppression will be occurring over the next week. Alfalfa seed growers are spraying insecticides on fields prior to leaf cutter bee release, which should occur in 7 to 10 days if weather cooperates. There is cutworm damage in the north Interlake, especially around the Vidir area. There are reports of damage from cutworms in soybeans, canola, corn and sunflowers fields.
Pasture and hay fields are doing well. In some areas, fields are struggling with excess moisture and overland flooding. Haying operations have started; good quality is reported with alfalfa yields averaging 3.5 tons per acre and alfalfa/grass mixtures averaging 3 tons per acre. Dugout conditions are good.