Agriculture

Crop Report: Issue 18, August 29, 2016

 
Reporting Area Map Crop Weather Report Past Reports
 

Weekly Provincial Summary 

  •  Harvest 2016 continued across Manitoba. There were challenges due to wet weather and field conditions in some areas, as well as high grain moisture contents.
  • To date, spring wheat yields range from 30 to 90 bushels per acre, barley 60 to 100 bushels per acre, oats 80 to 175 bushels per acre, field peas 15 to 50 bushels per acre, and canola 10 to 55 bushels per acre.
  • Soybeans, grain corn and sunflowers continue to mature.
  • Fall field work, including tillage and baling of straw, is on-going.
 

Southwest Region

 
Most areas in the Southwest Region reported showers over the past week, with amounts in the range of 5 to 15 mm. Some heavy rainfall events in isolated areas brought larger amount of rain and some hail; Killarney area reported up to 40 mm of rain on Sunday evening.
 
Harvest of winter wheat and fall rye is complete with producers reporting average yields and good quality. Some reports of ergot in fall rye. Harvest of barley and oats is wide spread throughout the Southwest Region and estimated to be 50% complete. For barley, producers are reporting average yields with grain quality impacted by fusarium head blight in some areas. Oat yields are above average with good quality reported. Some spring wheat has been harvested and reports to date indicate average yields and quality; lower protein values are noted for some harvested acres.
 
Some early canola is harvested with reports of average yields. A large number of acres are being swathed, with higher disease pressure making swathing a challenge. Pea harvest is close to complete with reports of average to below average yields with some quality issues. Late disease issues seem to be the many reason for lower yields and quality.
 
Soybean growth and maturity is at R6 stage (pod filling). Corn and sunflowers continue to develop without many issues. Crops look to be average to above average.
 
Pastures are starting to dry and in some areas showing effects of early grazing; generally, pastures are in good shape. Second cut hay is being taken and yields look to be average. Dugouts are 80% full.
 

Northwest Region

Scattered showers occurred in various parts of the Northwest Region over the week with approximately 15 mm in Swan River, 30 mm in The Pas and scattered showers in the Roblin area. These showers slowed combine activity through the week, while swathing of canola continued. There were some reports of hail in the Swan River area over the weekend; however the extent of damage is not yet known. Soil moisture conditions are generally adequate throughout the region with some fields in Dauphin and The Pas area challenged by wet soil moisture conditions. With the exception of crops in those areas impacted by too much moisture earlier in the season, most field crops throughout the region continue to mature and are in relatively good condition.
 
Crops are advancing with spring wheat harvest operations underway in all areas of the region with the exception of The Pas. Approximately 30% of the red spring wheat harvest is complete in the Roblin and Dauphin areas, and 50% complete in the Swan River area. Yields are variable, ranging from 50 to 70 bu/acre. Canola continues to develop with 40% of the canola fields podding and 60% mature. Close to 50% of the canola is swathed in the Roblin and Dauphin areas, 20% in The Pas and 80% in Swan River areas. Field peas are also advancing with most fields at maturity and harvest operations reaching 95% complete. For those areas of the region with soybeans, for the most part, crops are podded with 15% of the acres at R7 stage.
 
Some post-harvest fieldwork has taken place, dependant on time and weather conditions.
 
Frequent rains continue to stall second cut hay and greenfeed harvest. Heavy rainfall in some areas caused field access issues. Feed quality will be an issue in crops that have been rained on multiple times in the swath. Some producers are opting to make round bale silage. Cereal silage harvest is nearing completion with yields reported as good to excellent. Overall, pastures are rated as good and water supply is adequate. 
 

Central Region

Moderate to warm temperatures through the week allowed for continued good crop growth in the Central Region. Many areas received rain showers that have interfered with harvest progress. Rainfall amounts were variable, with as much as 50 mm in the Rosetown area. The weekend storms resulted in some hail with no significant damage reported to date. High humidity continues to limit drying conditions and interfere with haying operations. Standing water is still a concern and field access continues to be an issue. Tracks are still being made by swathers and combines, and equipment is getting stuck in the wettest fields. Harvest is slow, as moisture levels in the grain remain high, but progress is being made. Tough grain is being put in aeration bins or the grain dryer when necessary.
 
Fall rye and winter wheat harvest is complete. Yields range from 65 to over 100 bu/acre for winter wheat, with an average ranging from 75 to 85 bu/acre. Protein levels range from 11 to 11.5% to date. For fall rye, yields range from 75 to 110 bu/acre; ergot in harvested samples is noted.
 
The majority of the cereal crops are harvested in the eastern part of the region, with good progress made throughout. Hard red spring wheat yields range from 30 to 75 bu/acre, to date, and CPS varieties up to 90 bu/acre. Protein is variable, with early reports of 12.5 to 15%. Fusarium damaged kernels (FDK) levels are variable, ranging from 0.4% to 4.2%. Barley is in the 70 to 100 bu/acre range; some has made malt, but reports of higher fusarium in many fields are a concern. Oat harvest continues, with yields also impacted by excess moisture in some areas. Yields range from 80 to 175 bu/acre.
 
Swathing and harvest of canola continues. Pre-harvest applications are taking place in fields that will be straight cut. Application and swath timing has been a struggle due to uneven stands. Canola yields range from 10 to over 50 bu/acre, with an average to date around 30 bu/acre. The majority of the peas are harvested; some fields are too wet to combine. Yields are reported in the 15 to 40 bu/acre range. Flax is maturing; pre-harvest applications continue. Perennial ryegrass is being harvested, with struggles related to the wet conditions and high humidity, including sprouting. No yield reports to date.
 
Corn is growing rapidly and most fields are at dent stage (R5). Soybeans continue to flower and pod. Fields range from R5 to R6, with some leaf colour change showing signs of maturity. Cutting continues in the most advanced edible beans; some light red kidneys are harvested. Sunflowers are as advanced as the R7 stage and starting to turn. There is lodging and snapped stems in some corn and sunflower fields due to wind damage. Excess moisture has resulted in some shortened stands as well.
 
Good growth of forages continues. Second cut yields and quality are surpassing first cut. High humidity is an issue for drying of swaths. Many producers are wrapping bales. Greenfeed and cereals are being cut for silage with good results. First cut wild hay continues. Forage growth on pastures is slowing, but growth and supply is generally adequate dependent on stocking rates. Livestock water supply is adequate.
 

Eastern Region

Last week was drier in the Eastern Region with rainfall ranging from 2 to 12 mm. Good harvest progress was made with cereal crops and canola. However, there were intermittent isolated showers that paused operations. It has been a challenge for producers to harvest cereal crops and canola at moisture contents dry enough to put into storage. Producers are using aeration to dry grain to safe storage moisture levels. Also, field access has improved but varies throughout the region. During some harvest operations, ruts are being made or in other cases, wet areas of fields are being avoided. Some tillage is being done as harvest is completed. Producers are preparing to seed winter wheat into canola stubble; some acres may be seeded this week.
 
Winter wheat harvest is complete in the Eastern Region with yields ranging from 60 to 95 bu/acre, with an average yield of approximately 75 bu/acre. Protein levels are at 11% or higher. Fusarium head blight levels are lower than expected. Harvesting of spring wheat is about 60% complete. Yields range from 50 to 75 bu/acre with an average yield of 60 bu/acre. Quality is good with much of the crop being graded as #2 so far. Fusarium head blight levels are lower than expected. Protein levels vary.
 
Canola harvest is in full swing with yield estimates in the 35 to 40 bu/acre range. Swathed canola fields are awaiting harvest while the remaining standing fields are scheduled for straight cutting. Canola harvest is estimated at 30% complete. Field pea harvest is complete. The soybean crop is at the R6 (full seed) growth stages and some leaf drop is occurring on the earliest varieties. Sunflowers are in the R7 (end of flowering/seed filling stages) growth stages. Corn is at R4 to R5 (dough to dent stage).
 
Across the region, the majority of pastures are in good condition. Winter feed supplies are rated as 20% surplus and 80% adequate for hay and 100% adequate for straw, greenfeed and feed grain. Availability of livestock water is adequate.
 

Interlake Region

The Interlake Region saw scattered showers throughout the week resulting in varying amounts of precipitation. In the North Interlake, rainfall amounts ranged from 20 mm up to 80 mm in the Arborg, Fisher Branch and Riverton area. In isolated areas, hail and strong winds were reported with minor crop damage. The South Interlake received trace amounts of precipitation which only caused minor delays in harvesting.
 
Winter wheat harvest is complete. Yields ranged from 60 to 80 bu/acre with protein contents around 11%. Spring wheat continues to be harvested with yields ranging from 40 to 60 bu/acre, with some reports of 70 bu/acre. Protein levels are around 13 to 13.5%. To date, fusarium damaged kernel values are reported at less than 1%. Barley yields are averaging 60 to 80 bu/acre, and oat yields are ranging from 90 to 130 bu/acre. Canola yields range from 40 to 50 bu/acre on the earlier seeded fields. Corn fields are in the milk (R3) stage, while soybeans are in the R5 to R6 stages. Field pea harvest continues with yields ranging from 40 to 50 bu/acre.
 
Leaf cutter bees in alfalfa fields are near the end of their life cycle. Producers are collecting full bee blocks to avoid block damage. Alfalfa seed set at this time looks to be good. Alfalfa fields are starting to send out new growth which increases disease pressure. Most grass seed fields are harvested.
 
Haying progress was stalled by rain showers, high humidity and soft, saturated ground. Many producers have opted for ensiling. Second and third growth of alfalfa is very good. Some native and grass hay is too wet for travel. Well-managed pastures are in good condition with some flooding due to excessive recent rainfall events. There is adequate water for livestock consumption.