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Manitoba is the largest pig producing and exporting province in Canada comprising approximately 30% of all pig production nationally. Hogs are the second largest source of farm cash receipts in Manitoba.
The swine industry in Manitoba exports approximately 47% of all the pigs born on farm, leaving the remainder to be primarily processed in one of three federally inspected abattoirs or in one of the many provincial abattoirs. Meat processing employs approximately 4000 and makes up almost 40% (in 2012 approximately $1.5 billion) of the total food and beverage processing that occurs in Manitoba, the majority of this is attributed to pork.
The following links are a helpful start to exploring pork production in Manitoba Codes of Practice, Farm Practices Guidelines for Pig Producers in Manitoba, Upcoming Manitoba Swine Seminar, Manitoba Swine Updates Newsletter, Pork in Manitoba, Canadian Hog Statistics and Archives.
Successful hog production begins with excellent breeding. It is of the utmost importance that producers get their sows and gilts bred in a timely and efficient manner and that they support the health and welfare of their pregnant animals, and their offspring.
Management is more than just feeding pigs and knowing when to breed and ship. Today's pig farmers are savvy businesspeople who keep abreast of the cost of corn, who keep track of the health of their pigs and the safety of their workers. Management is where experience, daily learning and keeping an eye on the future all meet to ensure that each pig is healthy and well cared and that each pork chop is as delicious as the next.
Efficient production relies on providing pigs with the most suitable rearing conditions. Different stages of hog production can have different requirements.
Disease control is not only important for ensuring healthy stock, but also for the bottom line. Healthy animals grow better than sick ones so the time and energy and dollars spent on keeping animals healthy are well spent for the gains in efficiency.
Pig producers rely on a wide variety of research to help them produce pigs more efficienctly, more welfare friendly and more profitably. Universities, research facilities and private industry all help to widen the knowledge base upon which pork producers can draw.