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Mike Yacentiuk, P.Ag., Swine Specialist
The table below has been prepared to serve as a guide for calculating total production costs. To more accurately reflect the true cost of your swine operation, values specific to that operation should be substituted for those provided. All swine production units should attempt to calculate their production costs and subsequently their breakeven price. The breakeven price can be used to assist with risk reduction decisions such as forward pricing of pigs.
Buildings are valued at new cost and feed is commercially prepared.
|Costs||Farrow/Finish (113 kg)||Farrow/Wean (5 kg)||Nursery (5-23 kg)||Grow/Finish (23-113 kg)|
|Feed||83.15 (59.7%)||11.47 (34.6%)||15.01 (25.9%)||55.91 (39.7%)|
|Variable||26.96 (19.4%)||11.04 (33.3%)||2.96 (5.1%)||13.45 (9.5%)|
|Feeder Pig||36.21 (62.5%)||57.51 (40.8%)|
|Fixed||18.50 (13.3%)||5.81 (17.5%)||2.50 (4.3%)||9.89 (7.0%)|
|Labor||10.54 (7.6%)||4.85 (14.6%)||1.25 (2.2%)||4.22 (3.0%)|
Total (Per pig sold)
Feed accounts for the largest portion of total production costs comprising 59.7% and 34.6% of the farrow/finish and farrow/wean units respectively. In the nursery and grow/finish units the feeder pig is the greatest single cost, however it should be remembered that the pig industry is currently experiencing some of the lowest ration costs observed in many years.
The first and short-term approach to reducing production costs is a complete review of feed costs, as this component constitutes a significant portion of variable costs. Controlling feed cost (ration cost and feed efficiency) is the only way to substantially influence variable cost. Improving animal genetics and health, reducing feed wastage, phase feeding, split-sex feeding and cooperative purchasing are some factors that should be employed in a swine operation to reduce feed costs.
The second and long-term approach to improving profitability is to increase the throughput of the operation. Realistic goals must be set and realized in order to remain competitive.
Other factors to consider are:
For more information on these and other topics contact your nearest Manitoba Agriculture and Food swine specialist.