Spotlight: The Hudson's Bay Company Archives in Words and Images

Seven Oaks & HBCA Records: 1816-2016

Part I: Background of Seven Oaks

On 8 January 1814, Governor Miles MacDonell issued what came to be known as the Pemmican Proclamation. The proclamation, in large part, triggered years of hostility among the the two main actors of the Canadian fur trade: the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) and the North West Company (NWC). Over the next few years hostilities continued to escalate and on 19 June 1816 the two sides met in a violent confrontation at a place called Seven Oaks, present-day neighbourhood of West Kildonan, Winnipeg.

In recognition of the 200th anniversary of the events at Seven Oaks, the Hudson’s Bay Company Archives is highlighting records that document the era known as the “Pemmican Wars” in a series of Spotlights featuring  records from our holdings. These records were mainly written from the point of view of Hudson’s Bay Company servants who eye-witnessed these events.

photo of monument commerating the Battle of Seven Oaks
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In 1823, a monument was erected to memorialize the event which occurred at Seven Oaks 7 years earlier. HBCA, Isaac Cowie fonds, 1987/390/112

Read Part II, Part III, Part IV, and Part V of Spotlight series Seven Oaks in HBCA Records: 1816-2016.

See past features in the Spotlight Archive.

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