Spotlight: The Hudson's Bay Company Archives in Words and Images
Seven Oaks & HBCA Records: 1816-2016
- Part I: Background of Seven Oaks
- Part II: Stirrings and unrest at Red River
- Part III: Rumour has it: HBC and the Capture of Fort Gibraltar, 17 March 1816
- Part IV: Peter Fidler and Brandon House: Along the Trail to Seven Oaks
- Part V: 19 June 1816, on the Frog Plain
Part I: Background of Seven Oaks
On 8 January 1814, Governor Miles MacDonell issued what came to be known as the Pemmican Proclamation. The proclamation, in large part, triggered years of hostility among the the two main actors of the Canadian fur trade: the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) and the North West Company (NWC). Over the next few years hostilities continued to escalate and on 19 June 1816 the two sides met in a violent confrontation at a place called Seven Oaks, present-day neighbourhood of West Kildonan, Winnipeg.
In recognition of the 200th anniversary of the events at Seven Oaks, the Hudson’s Bay Company Archives is highlighting records that document the era known as the “Pemmican Wars” in a series of Spotlights featuring records from our holdings. These records were mainly written from the point of view of Hudson’s Bay Company servants who eye-witnessed these events.
See past features in the Spotlight Archive.