The dominant cover of this WMA is aspen forest, with some native grasslands. Open areas
have bearberry, saskatoon and chokecherry throughout. The prominent wildlife species are
deer, sharp-tailed grouse, and ruffed grouse. Moose are seen on rare occasions. Furbearers
include coyote, fox, ermine, snowshoe hare, red squirrel, and muskrat. The area is
important to both breeding and migratory birds, especially songbirds. A trail network runs
through the area in a southeast northwest direction, following the ridges. A hiking trail
and Medicine Rock interpretive site were developed in cooperation with the Alonsa
Some of the most scenic portions of the Assiniboine River including the junction with the
Souris River are included in this WMA. Made up of numerous parcels of land along the
river, some units contain riparian forest as well as stabilized sand dunes dominated by
little bluestem, and blue grama grasses. The area supports white-tailed deer and numerous
furbearers. A variety of birds is found in the WMA, especially grassland species such as
savannah sparrows and bobolinks, and edge-habitat species including the rufous-sided
towhee and brown thrasher.
The endangered Baird's sparrow and other grassland birds nest in this WMA. The area was
almost entirely cultivated at one time, but habitat was created for wildlife by planting
trees and shrubs and seeding dense nesting cover. The WMA now consists mainly of
grasslands, with a significant representation of native grass species.
Exceptionally high winter populations of white-tailed deer are consistently recorded in this area, which is the reason for the lands in this WMA being acquired in the early 1970s. It is one of the few large blocks of mature forest in the Brandon area. The rolling terrain, combined with dense aspen and bur oak forest interspersed with mixed-grass prairie openings, provides essential food and thermal cover for wildlife. Most of the land within the WMA was never cultivated and has remained in a natural state. Deer that are dispersed throughout nearby farmland in the remainder of the year rely on this habitat to endure the hardships of winter. Recent studies have also revealed the importance of the Brandon Hills as a breeding area for neo-tropical migrant birds, such as willow flycatchers.
Shortly after its establishment, this WMA became popular with cross-country skiers. In
1979, the Brandon Winter Games Committee completed development of a cross-country ski
trail system in the WMA for the competitive ski events. The attention focused on the area
during the games established it as a major cross-country skiing destination, with over 400
people using the area on peak weekends. The trails are now maintained by the local
cross-country ski club. Public use of the area remains at a significant level, both for
skiing in winter, wildlife viewing and cycling in spring and summer, and hunting in fall.
The WMA was originally established to protect grassland and wooded cover for wildlife such
as sharp-tailed grouse. In recent years, its importance for the endangered Baird's sparrow
and loggerhead shrike has been recognized. Other birds in the WMA include upland
sandpiper, marbled godwit, willet, and lark bunting. Portions of the WMA were cultivated
prior to its acquisition, but mixed-grass prairie continues to be found here in varying
degrees of quality.
The WMA, which contains three permanent wetlands interspersed with grasslands, provides
excellent nesting habitat for waterfowl, yellow warblers, northern orioles, and
clay-coloured sparrows. Aspen bluffs are found on the slightly elevated knolls, and
grasses and shrubs are on the flatter, more saline areas. It is used year-round by deer
This WMA was established to protect deer wintering habitat, but it is also used by grouse
and a variety of other birds. The area is aspen parkland, typical of that found west of
The WMA is a locally important habitat for deer, grouse and grassland birds. It contains
mixed-grass prairie, aspen woodland and numerous small wetlands. The mixed-grass prairie
on this WMA continues to be grazed, but has never been cultivated. The wetlands afford
habitat for marsh wrens, rails, grebes and other waterfowl.
Deer and a great variety of grassland and forest birds now use this haven, once thought a
wasteland. It was formerly cultivated land that proved unsuitable for agriculture because
the soils were very light and subject to significant wind erosion. When the land was
acquired, there was little vegetation remaining and much of the area was open sand. The
Melita Cover Plot, as it was known at the time of its establishment, was an attempt to
take a piece of abused farmland and demonstrate that it could be rehabilitated for
wildlife management purposes. A wide variety of trees and shrubs were planted, along with
grasses, forage and food plots. A small dam was constructed across a shallow ravine to
This WMA contains a lush deciduous forest and two forage fields. It is used by
white-tailed deer and occasionally by elk.
This WMA was purchased in 1986 with joint funding by the Manitoba Department of Natural
Resources, Manitoba Habitat Heritage Corporation, Wildlife Habitat Canada, Manitoba
Naturalists Society and the Manitoba Wildlife Federation. Approximately one-third of the
area is wetland and is an important waterfowl nesting area. A marsh management project was
developed by Ducks Unlimited Canada to improve the attractiveness of the area for
waterfowl. The balance of the area is primarily grassland with some willow and aspen bush.
White-tailed deer and grouse also use the area.
The habitat in this WMA is particularly attractive for neo-tropical migrant birds. The
topography of the WMA is ridge-and-swale, with aspen and grasslands in higher areas and
wetlands in low lying areas. Used as a practice bombing range by the Royal Canadian Air
Force during the Second World War, the WMA now provides habitat for deer, waterfowl and
Originally established to protect white-tailed -deer winter habitat, this WMA is also one of the best places in Manitoba to see orange-crowned warblers. Five species of woodpeckers and seven species of flycatchers have also been observed in the WMA.
Sand dunes and rolling hills are found through the central portion of the area, and flat terrain with aspen forests and open grasslands are located towards the area's periphery. Oaks tend to dominate the crests of the hills, while aspen and dense stands of hazel are found in the depressions and on north-facing slopes.
Associated shrubs are chokecherry and
juniper. Designated vehicle routes have been established in the NVNU to minimize the
impact of vehicles on the fragile terrain.
Deer, grouse and waterfowl are found in this WMA. There are two separated parcels, and
both include a portion of the Little Saskatchewan River. The terrain is gently rolling on
the uplands, with deep ravines leading down to the river. The vegetation is primarily
aspen-oak forest, with some mixed-grass prairie openings. It is also on an important
migration route for neo-tropical migrant birds.
This WMA includes a portion of the Maple Lake marsh and associated mixed-grass prairie
uplands, providing habitat for waterfowl and grassland birds.
The WMA has gently rolling topography with numerous wetlands and small creeks throughout.
It is heavily treed with aspen and white spruce dominating. Balsam poplar, bur oak and
white birch are also present. The understorey is primarily hazel with a good mixture of
red osier dogwood, chokecherry, willow, cranberry, rose, Saskatoon and bog birch.
White-tailed deer, elk, moose, black bears, wolves, ruffed grouse, great gray owls and
beaver are found in the WMA.
This small WMA is gently rolling, with dense aspen forest and a wetlands Deer, moose, elk,
waterfowl and a variety of furbearers use the WMA.
Parkland 910 ha
This WMA's four units include wetlands, grasslands and mature forests. This habitat diversity in a primarily agricultural landscape is critical for breeding and migrating neo-tropical birds, such as rufous-sided towhees, as well as for deer and other wildlife.
Buckleyville Unit (West of Town of Shoal Lake) is primarily wetland and provides excellent waterfowl breeding habitat.
Horrod Unit (South boundary of Riding Mountain National Park near Lake Audy) had most of its upland area cultivated at one time but was later sown to grasses. The wetlands provide habitat for waterfowl. Moose and elk occasionally use the WMA, along with deer, black bears, and grouse.
Ruska Rawa Unit (South of Riding Mountain National Park near Rossburn) is quite hilly and well forested with mature aspen. It is used by elk, moose, over, black bears, grouse, and a variety of waterbirds.
Snake Creek Unit (East of St. Lazare) includes riparian habitat and remnant grasslands
along Snake Creek, providing habitat for deer, grouse and other wildlife. Western and
eastern wood peewees have been seen here.
Pierson 264 ha
Two units of this WMA are important locally for white-tailed deer, sharp-tailed grouse, gray partridge and a variety of grassland birds. The occasional pheasant is also observed as are mule deer and pronghorn antelope.
Frank W Boyd Unit (Southwest of Pierson) has several go-back fields and forage fields, as well as aspen woodland with numerous small wetlands. Previously cultivated areas were reseeded to permanent cover and some tree planting was undertaken. There are several producing oil wells in this unit.
Gainsborough Creek Unit (Southeast of Pierson) contains remnant mixed-grass prairie and
important riparian habitat along Gainsborough Creek.
This WMA provides winter habitat for deer and upland game bird habitat. The topography of
the area is typical Westlake till plain, with aspen-covered ridges interspersed with low
The majority of the WMA consists of a 650-ha wetland situated in the heart of some of
North America's most productive waterfowl breeding habitat. Nesting species include gulls,
terns, grebes, and black-crowned night herons in addition to a great variety of ducks. It
attracts large numbers of migrating birds in spring and fall.
This WMA, located along the Souris River, provides habitat for grassland birds and
white-tailed deer. It is primarily riparian woodland, with mixed-grass prairie in upland
This WMA contains one of the most extensive areas of natural vegetation in southwestern Manitoba. The scenic landscape includes a significant tract of riparian woodlands and undisturbed mixed-grass prairie. Previously cultivated portions of the WMA were reseeded to permanent cover or forage and some tree planting was undertaken. To protect sensitive habitats, vehicles are restricted to designated trails.
The WMA provides essential habitat for neo-tropical birds, grassland birds and
white-tailed deer. Elk, moose and mule deer are occasionally seen in this area as well.
There are excellent birding opportunities here, which can also be enjoyed by canoeing
through the WMA along the Souris River when water levels permit. The landscape and
wildlife can be experienced from horseback as well, along the trail system developed and
maintained in cooperation with a provincial equestrian organization.
Situated on the ancient Assiniboine Delta, cacti and a variety of reptiles can be found in
the three parcels of this WMA. Its rolling sandhills have aspen-oak forest, stands of
spruce, and native mixed-grass prairie. The WMA also provides habitat for elk,
white-tailed deer, and upland game birds.
The WMA was established because of the area's high value for furbearers, but it also
provides habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife. Found along the Steeprock River, the
WMA includes spruce forest, bogs and a major managed wetland.
Delta Unit (Northeast of Pelican Lake) includes aspen-oak forest and a previously cultivated area that is hayed. The riparian zones support neo-tropical migrant birds including the Lincoln's sparrow.
Mimir Unit (South of Glenboro) has rolling topography with aspen-oak forest and a 30 ha lake.
Ninette Unit (North of Ninette) is predominantly aspen-oak forest with interspersions of native grassland.
This WMA has extensive stands of aspen and balsam poplar interspersed with numerous small
wetlands. It was established to preserve habitat for deer and ruffed grouse, and moose
frequent the area. Elk are occasional visitors. Brown thrashers, rufous-sided towhees, and
indigo buntings may also be seen here.
This WMA was established to preserve habitat for deer and ruffed grouse. The area has
aspen and balsam poplar forest interspersed with a few small wetlands. Moose are
occasionally seen in the WMA. Much of the forest and grasslands were cleared due to gravel
extraction, with rehabilitation to be undertaken in future.
This WMA provides habitat for deer, waterfowl and upland game birds. It includes habitat
typical of the Westlake till plain. Aspen dominates the well drained ridges, while
wetlands occur in the swales between them.
The WMA has aspen forest interspersed with grassland and shrubs. It is an important
white-tailed deer wintering area, which is also used by ruffed and sharp-tailed grouse.
Edington, Oak Leaf, Robins Ridge, Grass River, Glenella and Waldglen Units (in the Gladstone-McCreary area) include aspen forest, mixed-grass prairie and formerly cultivated areas seeded to grasses or forage.
Edrans and Hummerston Units (Northeast of Carberry) are characterized by sand dune formations, aspen-oak forest and native mixed-grass prairie.
Lower Assiniboine Unit (along the Assiniboine River) is made up of IO parcels that include riparian forest and previously cultivated areas seeded to grasses and forage. Some parcels also have sand dune formations and native mixed-grass prairie.
Pratt, Clairmont, Chipping Hill and Sight Hill Units (South of MacGregor) are dominated by aspen-oak forest.
This WMA is a major staging area for waterfowl and shorebirds. It includes Whitewater Lake
and a managed marsh unit at the eastern side of the lake. A wildlife viewing site has been
developed in cooperation with the Turtle Mountain Conservation District and Ducks
Unlimited Canada at the southwest corner of the managed marsh cells. Numerous species of
marsh and grassland birds breed in the area and it is also used by deer and upland game
birds. Large numbers of Franklin's gulls can be seen during the breeding season, while
tundra swans are a major attraction during spring and fall migration.