Manitoba’s Public Health Act

Manitoba’s latest Public Health Act came into effect on April 1, 2009, establishing a new legislative framework that will help the province anticipate and respond to public health emergencies.

The new act also creates a framework for the other provincial public health functions, such as health surveillance, disease and injury prevention, and population health assessments.

Important provisions under the act will:

  • Require the appointment of a chief provincial public health officer to oversee the provincial public health system.
  • Support the development of databases to anticipate, assess, monitor and plan for health needs and threats to public health, guide decisions and actions, and evaluate public health services.
  • Provide comprehensive powers to medical officers of health to take appropriate action in the event of a public health threat.
  • Significantly raise fine levels from the current level of $5,000 to be consistent with other public protection legislation.
    • In the case of an individual, up to $100,000 for a conviction for failure to comply with an emergency health hazard order and up to $50,000 for other offences; and
    • In the case of a corporation, up to $1,000,000 for a conviction for failure to comply with an emergency health hazard order and up to $500,000 for other offences.

The province’s previous Public Health Act has been in place since 1965. 

Legislative Unit
Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living
300 Carlton Street
Winnipeg MB  R3B 3M9
Phone:  204-788-6608
FAX:      204-945-1020