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Overviews: Geography

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The province of Manitoba occupies the geographical centre of Canada.

Manitoba extends from the 49th to the 60th parallel (the equivalent of Paris, France to Oslo, Norway), and has an area of 649,947 square km (250,946 square miles) -- larger than Japan and twice the size of the U.K.

Total Area:
649,947 km 2
250,946 miles 2
Land Surface Area:
548,356 km 2
211,721 miles 2
Water Surface Area:
101,591 km 2
39,225 miles 2
645 km  
400 miles  

Larger map of ManitobaThe southern and western regions of the province are predominantly prairie grassland, while the eastern and northern regions are dominated by Canadian Shield lakes and forest. A small area of Manitoba's extreme north is Arctic tundra. The province is rich in natural resources including ample fresh water, fertile farmland, rich metal and mineral deposits, hydroelectric energy, forestry resources and abundant fish and wildlife. Manitoba’s climate features four distinct seasons. Winter is cold and dry, spring and autumn are temperate, and summer is typically hot and dry.

Manitoba is located in the central time zone. Daylight Saving Time is in effect through the province from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November. During the rest of the year, the province is on Central Standard Time.

See also the NRC Standard Time Zones

For more information on Geology: Manitoba Geological Survey | GIS Map Gallery | industrial Minerals

Also see: Manitoba Quick Facts (PDF)| Manitoba Quick Facts (HTML) | Centreport Canada

Manitoba, Canada, River City scene

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