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Overviews: Political Structure


Federal Political Structure -- Canada

Canada is a confederation of 10 provinces and 3 territories. The national capital is Ottawa, Ontario, with provincial/territorial capitals designated in each province/territory. The national legislature is a bicameral federal parliament, consisting of an appointed Senate (105 members) and elected House of Commons (308 members). Elections to the House of Commons are held on the third Monday of October in the fourth calendar year following the previous general election (subject to earlier confidence votes), with the last election having been held in October 2015. Canadian citizens aged 18 and older are eligible to vote.

Form of state:

Constitutional monarchy

Head of State:

Queen Elizabeth II,
represented by the Governor-General, the Right Honourable David Johnston

Head of Government:

Right Honourable Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada

Minister of Finance:

Honourable Bill Morneau

Governing Party:

Liberal Party



Provincial Political Structure -- Manitoba

Head of State:

Queen Elizabeth II,
represented by the Lieutenant Governor, the Honourable Janice C. Filmon

Head of Government:

The Honourable Brian Pallister, Premier of Manitoba

Minister of Finance:

Honourable Cameron Friesen

Legislative Assembly:

Comprised of 57 Members elected to represent the people of Manitoba

Governing Party:

Conservative Party

Capital City:

Winnipeg


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