Economic Analysis and Research:

Labour Mobility

LLabour Mobility

The Agreement on Internal Trade

The Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT) is an intergovernmental trade agreement signed by Canadian First Ministers (provincial, territorial, federal). The Agreement entered into force on July 1, 1995. The purpose of this agreement is to reduce and eliminate, to the extent possible, barriers to the free movement of persons, goods, services and investments within Canada and to establish an open, efficient and stable Canadian market.

Chapter 7 (Labour Mobility) of the AIT

Changes to Chapter 7 (Labour Mobility) ((PDF) 47 KB) of the Agreement on Internal Trade were approved by the Forum of Labour Market Ministers and by the Internal Trade Minister in December 2008, effective April 1, 2009. These changes reflect Manitoba's commitment to ensuring full labour mobility for certified workers in regulated occupations (professions and trades) applying to Manitoba from other Canadian jurisdictions.

The Chapter now states that a certified, licensed, registered or officially recognized worker in one province or territory, upon application, will be certified, licensed, registered or officially recognized for that same occupation by any other province or territory without the worker being required to undertake additional requirements, such as education, training or examination. The Guidelines for Meeting the Obligations of the Labour Mobility Chapter (July 2009) are available to assist regulatory authorities and stakeholders to understand Chapter 7 and how to meet its obligations.

Governments have agreed that certain specific additional requirements, such as undergoing a criminal record check are permitted by the Agreement. Additionally, where a significant variation in occupational standards exists between Canadian jurisdictions for a given occupation, a government may approve justification for an exception to full labour mobility as required to achieve a legitimate objective, such as public security and safety. To date, the Government of Manitoba has approved the justification for an exception to full labour mobility for the following regulated occupations:

The Labour Mobility Act

The Labour Mobility Act, C.C.S.M. c. L5 came into effect in Manitoba on June 11, 2009. The Act underlines Manitoba’s commitment to full labour mobility in Canada by allowing certified workers from other Canadian jurisdictions to practice their occupations in Manitoba in accordance with Chapter 7 (Labour Mobility) of the AIT. The Act requires Manitoba regulatory authorities to meet the obligations of the Chapter 7 when workers who are certified for an occupation in another jurisdiction apply to obtain certification for the same occupation in Manitoba and ensures there are no barriers to accomplishing this in statutes, regulations, rules, by-laws, directives, guidelines, programs, policies or administrative practices or procedures regulating occupations in Manitoba.

Additional Information about Labour Mobility in Canada is available at:

For labour mobility related questions contact:

Labour Mobility Co-ordinator - Manitoba
Phone: (204) 945-2466

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