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Young Employees


Children under the age of 16 must, by law, have a child employment permit before they start working.  Employees under 18 years old cannot work in certain industries. Young persons working in Manitoba have all of the rights and responsibilities as adult employees. Minimum standards such as general holidays, vacations, minimum wage and termination apply to all employees regardless of age.  





What is the minimum wage?

Currently, minimum wage is $10.45 per hour in most industries. 

Effective October 1, 2014 minimum wage will increase to $10.70 per hour.


At what age can a child start working?

All employees under 16 years old must have a permit from Employment Standards before they can work. Children under 12 years old are only allowed to work for an employer in exceptional circumstances.


Are there restrictions on where children and young people can work?

Yes. Employees under 16 years old cannot work:

  • On a construction site
  • In industrial or manufacturing processes
  • Drilling or servicing rigs
  • On scaffolds or swing stages
  • Pruning, repairing, maintaining, or removing trees 

Employees under 18 years old cannot work in the following industries:

  • Forestry
  • Saw or pulp mills
  • Confined spaces
  • Underground in mines or on the face of open pit quarries
  • Asbestos abatement and removal 

Additional restrictions may be put on permits to ensure the work will not harm the safety or wellbeing of the child.   


Are there restrictions on when children can work?

Yes. Employees under 16 years old cannot work at all between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.


Can children and young people work alone?

Employees under 16 years old are not allowed to work alone without specific conditions placed on the permit.  Employees under 18 years old cannot work alone between 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.                       

All employers must have a safety plan for employees who are working alone.  This is required under Workplace Safety and Health laws.  Anyone with concerns about a child or young person working alone should contact Employment Standards or Workplace Safety and Health.


How much are children allowed to work?

During a week of school, employees under 16 years old can work up to 20 hours per week. Additional restrictions may be put on permits to ensure the work will not harm the safety or wellbeing of the child.


Why do young people need an employment permit?

No one wants a child to be hurt at work.  The permit system gives Employment Standards the ability to investigate the work to make sure it is safe and will not harm the health or wellbeing of the child.


How do I apply for a Child Employment Permit?

Download a Child Employment Permit Application or contact Employment Standards. The application requires information from the child, parent/guardian, and employer.  Return the completed form to Employment Standards by mail, fax, email, or in person. 


Can children start working as soon as they apply for a permit?

No. Employees under 16 years old must have approval from Employment Standards before they start work.  Before approving an application for a Child Employment Permit, Employment Standards will investigate to be sure the work is safe and the hours are suitable for the child’s age.                                            

Restaurant work only:

Children who are 14 or 15 years old can start work as soon as they apply for a permit if a completed Restaurants: Terms and Conditions of Youth Employment form is attached to the application.


What happens when Employment Standards receives an application for a Child Employment Permit?

Employment Standards reviews the application.  An officer will investigate to make sure there are no safety hazards or concerns about the job, and that the hours are suitable for the child’s age. 


What if the child's job changes?

Each permit names the workplace, child and job duties approved for that child.  It also lists any special conditions that must be followed.  Employment Standards must be notified if there are any changes because the permit may no longer be valid.                                        

If the child wants to work for a different employer, a new application for a Child Employment Permit must be made even if the job duties and hours stay the same.


Why do children and young people need to know their rights and obligations as employees?

All employers and employees need to know their rights and obligations before they agree to an employment arrangement. Children and young people can be vulnerable, and knowing their rights helps protect them in the workplace.                                                

Starting a job is like signing an agreement. Employers have certain responsibilities, but employment agreements also put responsibilities on employees. Coming to work when scheduled, following instructions and safety rules at work and giving proper notice to end a job are all employee obligations.


For more information contact Employment Standards:

Phone:     204-945-3352 or toll free in Canada 1-800-821-4307

Fax:           204-948-3046

E-mail:     employmentstandards@gov.mb.ca

Website:  www.manitoba.ca/labour/standards

This is a general overview and the information used is subject to change. For detailed information, please refer to current legislation including The Employment Standards Code, The Construction Industry Wages Act , The Worker Recruitment and Protection Act, or contact Employment Standards.



Date Published: July 22, 2014

 

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