Hydrologic Forecast Centre (Flood Forecasting) - Objectives
The Hydrologic Forecast Centre is a part of the Forecasting and
Flood Response Coordination Branch within the Regulatory and
Operational Services Division, Manitoba Water Stewardship.
Its primary objective is the provision of flood condition
reports, forecasts and warnings to enable effective coordination
of flood response planning and flood fighting activities at all
levels of government and the private sector. The Centre thus promotes
public safety and flood damage reduction.
An important additional responsibility is the operation
of dams and the provision of data and forecasts for the
operation of floodways and diversions. Such operations
help to prevent or reduce flooding and to ensure adequate
water supplies for irrigation, industrial and personal use.
The Forecast Centre prepares spring flood outlooks during the winter
and issues daily flood reports and specific river forecasts during spring
flood events. Specific reservoir forecasts and operating plans are prepared
and special forecasts are provided for floodway operations and for use by cities.
Flash flood watches, warnings and flood advisories due to heavy rainfall are issued when
significant impacts are anticipated.
In addition, weekly river flow reports are prepared throughout the year and
periodic lake and reservoir status reports and forecasts are prepared during the
open water period.
The Centre also reviews development and subdivision proposals to ensure that
they comply with provincial regulations regarding flood, erosion and banks
stability risks. It also provides data and expertise for flood proofing and for
design of water control works or other infrastructure sensitive to water levels.
This includes information on soil moisture, precipitation, snowcover,
evaporation, wind, and rainfall intensities. The centre also performs hydrologic
and hydraulic analysis and modeling to determine impacts of developments,
land use changes and climate change on water regimes.