Agriculture

   Diamondback Moth Monitoring Program in Manitoba - 2022

 

Diamondback moth does not overwinter well in the Canadian prairie provinces, but large numbers can potentially blow in. If conditions are favorable for their survival and reproduction when they arrive, and if natural enemies do not limit population establishment, populations can increase.

Pheromone-baited traps (Fig. 1), which attract the male moths, are established for a 6-8 week period from early-May until late-June to detect the arrival of populations of diamondback moth early in the season. The cumulative counts from the traps can not predict what levels of larvae will be, but can be used to determine regions of the province where increased attention for diamondback moth is recommended when scouting fields.

                                                                                      
Fig. 1. Trap for diamondback moth                                 Fig. 2. Diamondback moth on insert of trap

 

 Summary (as of July 2, 2022)

Pheromone-baited traps for adult moths were set up at 52 locations in Manitoba in 2022, from May 1 to July 2.
  • Trap counts were generally low until mid-May. After that some moderate to high counts occurred in traps in the Eastern and Central regions. Counts were generally low in Western Manitoba, with the first counts over 10 happening the week of June 19-25.
  • Diamondback moths were caught in 39 of te 52 traps, with 19 of these being cumulative counts of greater than 10.

The highest cumulative trap count was 229 from a trap near Hadashville in the Eastern region. In spite of some strong winds from the South, a lot of traps still had low numbers, but there are some areas in the Eastern and Central regions where looking for larvae while crop scouting would be good to prioritize.

 

Table 1. Highest cumulative trap counts per agricultural region in Manitoba over the trapping period (May 1 to July 2, 2022) 

 

Location Count
Northwest
  Grandview 29
  Grandview 27
  Shortdale 13
  Grandview 6
Southwest
  Rossburn 24
  Miniota 20
  Rivers 13
 
Central
  Altona 128
  Gnadenfeld 111
  Halbstadt 53
  Carman 38
  Belmont 20
Eastern
  Hadashville 229
  Whitemouth 226
  Beausejour 205
  Stead 182
  Tournond 41
Interlake
  Arborg 13
  Arborg 2
 

 

Guidelines for monitoring larvae of diamondback moth can be found at: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/insects/diamondback-moth.html

                                                        
                                            Fig. 3. Diamondback moth pupa (left) and larva (right).