Crop Report: Issue 5, June 3, 2013


Weekly Provincial Summary

  •  Seeding operations continued across most of Manitoba last week prior to the precipitation that fell during the last days of May. Seeding progress by region varies from 80% to 95% complete, with some areas within the regions not as advanced due to heavier rainfall amounts. Producers continue to modify initial seeding plans to account for seeding date. Reseeding of terminated winter wheat fields also continues.
  • The earliest seeded crops emerged with in-crop herbicide applications underway on cereal and canola acres. Uniform emergence is noted for the most part. The cooler temperatures slowed plant development.
  • Recent rainfall may impact crop emergence and plant stands, particularly in areas that received the higher amounts of precipitation.
  • Frost was recorded in many areas of Manitoba over the weekend. To date, minimal damage to emerged crops was reported but crops will continue to be assessed over the coming days for injury symptoms.

Southwest Region 

The Southwest Region experienced variable seeding progress over the past week. Areas south of Highway #2 saw moderate to heavy rainfall with accumulations ranging from 50 to 100 mm, with the heaviest amounts again being in and along the Manitoba/U.S. border. Seeding in this area remains at 40 to 60% complete.
Seeding progress improved significantly in the northern areas of the region due to much lower rainfall totals varying from 15 to 40 mm; lower amounts were reported to the north and west of the region along the Manitoba/Saskatchewan border. Seeding in the majority of this area is now complete with only some feed grains, greenfeed and silage acres still being planted.
Spring wheat is estimated to be 70 to 100% complete, field peas 95 to 100% complete, malt barley 75 to 100% complete, grain corn 70 to 100% complete, soybeans 30 to 70% complete, canola and flax 40 to 90% complete, sunflowers 30 to 60% complete, oats and feed barley 60 to 90% complete. The overall percent seeded for the Southwest Region is estimated to be approximately 95 to 100% complete, with the exception being areas south of Highway #2 where seeding is still in the 40 to 60% complete range.
Frost was reported over the past weekend across much of the Southwest Region with overnight temperatures ranging from -1 to -3 degrees Celsius. These frost events were generally of a short duration and are not expected to cause any significant crop injury.
Spring seeded cereals and field peas are in the 2 to 4 leaf stage of development with weed control measures set to begin later this week. Canola and flax are emerging and are in the cotyledon to 2 leaf stage of development. Oilseed emergence is generally uniform although there are areas of fields where moisture limitations slowed emergence, especially in the northwest portion of the region in and along the Manitoba/Saskatchewan border.
The remaining winter wheat and fall rye fields are in the 3 to 5 leaf stage and are in generally good condition with weed control measures now ongoing. It is estimated that 75 to 80% of this year’s winter wheat crop was re-seeded.
Pasture and hay growth continued to improve with last week’s rain with most cattle now out on pasture. Water levels in sloughs and dugouts are at 75 to 80% capacity in northern areas and 90 to 100% capacity in southern areas.

Northwest Region

General rains on May 27 and 28 in the Northwest Region resulted in amounts of 25 to 35 mm, with localized reports up to 60 mm. However, field conditions improved through the week allowing planting and field activities to resume in most areas. All areas of the region had occasional high winds and experienced below seasonal temperatures during the week. Most areas also reported some overnight frosts on the weekend. In those areas, producers will be assessing crops for frost damage.
Seeding through Roblin to Swan River is 95 to 100% complete. Areas east of the Escarpment are at 95% complete with some pockets around the Ethelbert and Fork River areas at 90%. Some canola, barley, and oats remain to be planted.
Approximately 80% of the wheat, 20% barley and oats, and 25% of canola fields are at seedling stages; 40 to 45% of the remaining seeded acres are emerging and 10 to 20% are not yet emerged. Germination has been quite even; however; the persistent below seasonal temperatures slowed plant development.
In-crop herbicide operations are beginning. Canola insect trap counts continue to be very low. The increasing flea beetle activity reported to date has not yet required control measures.
Field by field assessment of winter wheat resulted in termination and reseeding of a number of the most poorly established stands.
Forage and pastures continue to develop slowly and remain in good to fair condition with warmer temperatures needed. Dugout water levels remain adequate.

Central Region

Average to cooler temperatures, with rain on Thursday, Friday and Saturday throughout the Central Region, slowed or stopped all field activity. Rainfall amounts varied through the region, with accumulations ranging from 50 to 75 mm in the Notre-Dame, Manitou, Darlingford areas along the escarpment, over to Thornhill and Morden, as well as in the Gladstone area. Much of the rest of the region saw amounts of 35 to 65 mm with most averaging around 40 to 50 mm. Ditches, drains and creeks are running again and river levels have risen significantly. Low areas of fields are saturated. Frost was reported in many areas but there is no evidence of crop injury to date.
Good seeding progress was made in areas where conditions allowed. Much of the region reports 80 to 100% complete. However, areas on the western side of the region that received the higher amounts of rain are further behind in seeding progress; in some cases, as little as 10 to 30% of acres are seeded in this area. Seeding resumed in the Langruth area, but most fields will need more drying time.
Most cereals are seeded, as is corn. Some producers chose to seed soybeans prior to canola due to AgriInsurance seeding deadlines. Seeding of soybeans continues, as does edible beans and canola. Some edible bean acres went to canola, which was broadcast and harrowed in before the recent rains. There are some reports of soybeans being switched to canola as well. Additional crop changes may be made, depending on weather conditions going forward.
Spring wheat development ranges from germination to full two leaf and early three leaf stages, canola is germinating to two leaf, soybeans are starting to emerge, as is corn. Growth was slow due to cooler conditions. Some crop thinning was reported due to standing water, as well as crop loss in low areas. Fields will be evaluated for seed rot due to excess moisture and cool conditions, primarily in the low areas of the fields.
Weeds are growing rapidly. Pre-seed and pre-emergent weed control continues as conditions allow. Post-emergent herbicide applications are made to winter wheat fields and the most advanced spring cereals and early canola. Some focus will shift to herbicide applications while fields dry before seeding can resume.
Flea beetles were causing feeding damage on volunteer canola, with some activity noted on a few canola fields. Feeding activity slowed due to the heavy rains and cool temperatures. Diamondback moth trap counts continue to be very low. Portage area reports cutworms, but not at levels requiring treatment.
Winterkill in winter wheat and fall rye was more of an issue in western parts of the region where up to 40 to 50% of acres will be reseeded. Reseeding is occurring throughout the region, but to a much lesser degree. To date, the majority of reseeded acres are reported to be going to feed wheat. Stands are improving following the recent rains and warmer temperatures, and fertilizing is complete. Growth is slower than in previous year, and stands are on the thinner side.
Pastures improved with rain and are rated as fair to good. Excess moisture is a problem on some fields. Alfalfa is growing well and tame hay growth is improving. Dugouts are full. All areas now report soil moisture as being adequate to surplus.

Eastern Region

Rainfall amounts ranging from 19 to 50 mm fell this past week in the Eastern Region. Northern areas of the region received 19 to 42 mm of precipitation, central areas 28 mm and southern areas 25 to 50 mm. In northern areas, crop land moisture is rated at 15% surplus and 85% adequate. In central regions, crop land moisture is rated at 10% surplus and 90% adequate. In southern parts of the region, crop land moisture is rated at 40% surplus and 60% adequate.
Seeding in the Eastern Region is estimated at 95% complete, upwards to 99% complete in the southern areas of the region. Seeding progress by crop type is: spring wheat 95 to 100% complete, oat 95 to 100%, barley 95 to 100%, canola 90 to 99%, soybean 90 to 100%, sunflower 100%, field pea 100% and corn 90 to 100%.
Most seeded cereal crop acres are emerged and at the 1 to 3 leaf stage. Canola, corn and soybeans started to emerge. Herbicide spraying began last week on some fields and will continue once field conditions allow.
A light to very light frost event was reported in the Eastern Region. Crops are currently assessed for frost damage but it is expected damage will be minimal.
Hay conditions in the region are rated as 75% good to 25% fair. The condition of the pasturelands is rated as 75% good to 25% fair. Availability of livestock water, including dugouts, is rated as 100% adequate in the region. Most livestock in the region are on pasture.

Interlake Region

The Interlake Region received 7 to 65 mm of precipitation throughout the past week. South Interlake received the majority of the rainfall, and in some isolated areas ditches backed up flooding fields. The following amounts of precipitation were recorded: 13 mm in Arborg, 33 mm in Teulon, and 65 mm in Gypsumville.
Seeding throughout the region is nearly completed, with 90 to 95% of acres seeded. Most North Interlake producers were able to continue seeding shortly after the rainfall that occurred on Thursday and Friday. South Interlake finished seeding early in the week and began spraying winter wheat fields.
Spring cereals began to emerge and most are at the 1 to 2 leaf stage, and in some cases, the 3 to 4 leaf stage.
North Interlake had frost on both Sunday and Monday mornings. Ashern recorded a low of -2 degrees Celsius on both nights, while lows of -1.3 degrees Celsius and -2 degrees Celsius were recorded overnight in Arborg. Producers are currently assessing emerged canola, soybean, and corn acres, as well as alfalfa stands.
Pasture and haylands received much needed rain, but are still in need of warmer temperatures. Producers continue to feed livestock in pastures to ensure feed requirements are met. Dairy producers will begin first cut in the upcoming days. Dugout conditions are good.