Crop Report: Issue 6, June 10, 2013

Reporting Area Map | Crop Weather Report Past Reports


Weekly Provincial Summary

  • Seeding progress in Manitoba is estimated to be 94% complete. There remain some areas in the Southwest and Central Regions where seeding is not as advanced. However, progress was made over the past week and favourable weather conditions will allow producers to continue seeding.
  • Stand establishment is generally rated as good to excellent for most crop types. However, the excess moisture in some areas did impact crop emergence and plant stands, mainly in the low areas of the fields.
  • Weed control is a priority for producers as crops continue to advance.
  • Increased flea beetle activity in the earliest-seeded canola fields has been reported.

Southwest Region

Rainfall amounts across the Southwest Region were variable, but generally ranging from 5 to 20 mm; heavier amounts were received in isolated thundershowers. The recent rains are beneficial to emerging oilseeds that were damaged by last week’s series of frost events. Soil moisture is generally adequate across the region but surplus along the Manitoba/U.S. border.
Excellent seeding progress occurred this past week in the area south of Highway #2 where it is now 80 to 85% complete. There are however isolated areas in the Wascada, Lyleton, Pierson and Whitewater Lake areas where seeding is only 50 to 60% complete. The remainder of the Southwest Region has completed seeding.
Weed control spraying operations are underway with progress on seeded acres ranging from 10 to 25% complete across the region. Weed control measures in spring wheat are 20 to 25% complete, field peas 40 to 50%, malt barley 20 to 25%, flax and oats 10 to 20% complete and Liberty canola 10% complete. The first pass glyphosate applications on canola, corn and soybeans are estimated to be 20 to 25% complete. Weed control measures are complete on the remaining winter cereal acres.
Insect issues to date are limited to flea beetle post-emerge control in canola, especially in early seeded fields that were hit by last week’s series of frosts.
Pasture and hay growth improved over this past week, depending upon localized rainfall. However, growth continues to be delayed due to the cooler temperatures and last week’s frost. Initial yield estimates of first cut alfalfa range from 60 to 75% of normal in northern portions of the region and 80 to 90% of normal in southern regions. Water levels in sloughs and dugouts remain at 75 to 80% capacity in northern areas and 80 to 90% in southern areas.

Northwest Region

The Northwest Region received rainfall over the week, with Ste. Rose receiving 38 mm, Roblin 20 mm, The Pas 11 mm and similar amounts were recorded in Dauphin.
Seeding is complete in most areas with 10% remaining in The Pas. Herbicide spraying is well underway in Swan River and 10 to 15% of the acres were sprayed in the Roblin area.
Crop staging is the most advanced in the Swan River and Roblin areas with wheat averaging 2 leaf stage, ranging from 1 to 4 leaf, and canola ranging from the cotyledon to the 2 leaf stage. Crop staging in other areas is more variable and less advanced with The Pas indicating wheat is emerging and 5% of the canola is at the seedling stage. In areas north of Roblin where frost occurred, flea beetle activity is being monitored.
Recent rainfall on the western side of the region and warmer temperatures throughout the region aided forage and pasture growth. Alfalfa is at the early to late bud stage indicating dairy haying operations will be within the next two weeks. Hay growth is quite variable from field to field and early estimates for expected first cut yield are 1.8 to 2.0 tons per acre.

Central Region

Rain showers were sporadic throughout most the Central Region during this past week. Amounts reported range from trace amounts to 12 mm in isolated pockets. Rainfall amounts however in the Rosendale area were upwards of 125 mm this past weekend. The eastern and south side of the RM of Pembina is still recovering from excessive rain this spring; seeding in these areas is delayed but progressing.
Seeding in the Central Region is mostly complete at 95 to 100% in most areas. There are reports of broadcast seeding canola, followed by harrowing, on fields that producers were unable to previously seed. There were also circumstances in some parts of the region where the only option producers had with the wet field conditions was to seed canola by air. Sunflower and edible beans are approximately 70 to 80% completed seeding.
Growth stage for cereal crops are in the emerging to seedling/tiller stage. Weed control will continue this week. Corn development is at the 2 to 3 leaf stage. There was some frost damage reported. Corn is being sprayed for weed control. Soybean growth stages range from just emerging to early unifoliate stage on earlier planted fields. Edible beans will continue to be seeded until AgriInsurance deadlines arrive.
Winter wheat development is variable this year. In the Red River Valley, 10 to 15% loss due to winterkill are being reported. Areas in the western part of the region are reporting 40 to 50% winterkill. A number of fields were reseeded in these areas. Most herbicide applications are complete.
Tan spot in spring wheat is reported on fields that had wheat residue from previous years. Reports of flea beetle feeding on young canola seedlings have prompted some producers to spray. Fields that were seeded more than two weeks ago are the ones where flea beetle damage seems to be most severe.
Alfalfa is growing but no flowering observed to date. Pastures are growing well. Dugouts are full.

Eastern Region

Rainfall amounts of 5 to 65 mm fell this past week in the Eastern Region.
Seeding in the Eastern Region is estimated at 99% complete. Crops are rated good to excellent in the region; timely rains and recent warm temperatures helped with even germination and early seedling development. Most cereal crops are at the 2 to 4 leaf stage with 1 to 2 tillers. Canola is at the 2 to 3 leaf stage. Corn is at the 1 to 3 leaf stage and soybeans are at the unifoliate leaf stage.
Herbicide applications are now underway. Some individual producers are up to 40% complete. Weed control is complete in winter wheat. Recent precipitation did slow operations but with the forecasted weather, it is anticipated producers will continue spraying operations shortly and that a large number of acres will be sprayed in the coming days.
In the northern area of the region, some sunflower fields were sprayed for cutworms. There is also some cutworm damage reported in canola; no control measures have been implemented to date. A few fields of winter wheat were impacted by wireworms and were reseeded. Flea beetles are evident in earlier seeded canola. Those stands are now four weeks from date of seeding; fields will continue to be monitored.
Hay and pasture conditions in the region are rated as 75% to 85% good to 15 to 25% fair. Most livestock in the region are out on pasture. Livestock water supply, including dugouts, is rated at 100% adequate.

Interlake Region

Warm temperatures, along with scattered showers, were recorded throughout the Interlake Region. Precipitation amounts averaged 2 to 10 mm. This precipitation was well received in the North Interlake region, helping with late seeded crops.
Seeding throughout the Interlake Region is 95% complete. South Interlake acres are completely seeded, while in the Arborg area, a small percentage of acres remain and in the Ashern area, 20% of acres have yet to be seeded. Spraying is in full swing in South Interlake; applying herbicides to most cereals and an early burn-off in soybean and canola fields. Spraying is nearly complete in winter wheat fields in North Interlake; some acres of soybeans and canola were sprayed as well. A number of Arborg producers had to reseed canola fields as a result of last week’s frost. Forage seed acres were also sprayed throughout the Interlake for weed control. Leaf cutter bee incubation has begun, as the alfalfa fields are approaching the pre-bud stage.
First cut haying began last week for some producers. Most hay stands still require rain and warmer temperatures to help plant growth. Alfalfa stands appear to be in better condition than grass stands. Pastures are slowly starting to perk up and, with last week’s rainfall and future forecasts of warm temperatures and precipitation, the pastures may begin to green up. Dugout conditions are good.