Crop Report: Issue 21, September 23, 2013

  

Weekly Provincial Summary

  •  Harvest progress was slowed over the past week in Manitoba due to rainfall. Cooler temperatures and cloudy conditions also delayed harvest and slowed crop development.
  • Grain corn, sunflowers and soybeans continue to mature. Frost events over the past few weekends in many areas of the province resulted in leaf damage in these crop types.
  • Seeding of winter wheat is nearing completion. The earliest seeded winter wheat has emerged and ranges in development from 1 to 3 leaf stage. 

 

Southwest Region

The Southwest Region experienced limited harvest progress over this past week due to
rainfall. Rainfall amounts ranged from 5 to 50 mm, with the heaviest amounts reported in
severe thunderstorms accompanied by high winds and hail in the Shoal Lake and Oakburn areas.
Significant crop damage was reported with this storm system. Frost was reported over the
weekend which resulted in significant leaf damage to both corn and soybeans.
 
The spring cereal harvest saw limited progress over last week with the crop at 80 to 85%
harvested. Yield reports continue to come in well above average with above average bushel
weights and generally lower protein levels.
 
Canola also experienced limited harvest progress with the crop at 35 to 40% harvested;
greatest progress is seen in southern areas. Yield reports for canola continue to be variable
and are ranging from 30 to 65 bu/acre. Disease, early season insect damage, excess moisture
and spring frost injury are the main reasons for the lower yields.
 
The flax harvest has just begun in more southern areas with early reports indicating average
yields. The majority of flax fields have had a pre-harvest desiccation applied and are
awaiting dry down prior to harvest commencing. The field pea harvest is now complete with
generally above average yields and quality reported.
 
Soybeans in the more southern areas of the region continue to benefit from the warmer
temperatures and have seen crop maturities advance over this past week. The majority of
soybeans in southern areas are in the R8 stage of development with mature seed pods. The
frost over last weekend resulted in variable leaf damage in soybeans in the more northern
areas. Corn ranges in development from early to late dent stage of development. Most corn
crops experienced leaf burn from the most recent frost events. The majority of sunflowers are
close to physiological maturity (R9) where the back of the heads are yellow and the bracts
are browning.
 
Winter wheat and fall rye seeding continued over last week. Earlier seeded fields emerged and
are at the 1 to 2 leaf stage.
 
Cattle producers continue to move cattle to fall pastures and harvested crop stubble. Grass
cattle and weaned calves are being moved to feedlots and/or marketed. The second cut alfalfa
harvest is 75 to 80% complete with the remainder to be cut when drier weather is forecasted.
The corn silage harvest has not yet begun. Water levels in sloughs and dugouts remain at 50
to 60% of capacity in northern and central regions and 75 to 80% of capacity in southern
regions.
 

Northwest Region

Good harvest conditions continued early in the week in the Northwest Region. However, a
widespread weather system throughout the region resulted in 10 to 25 mm of rain and stopped
harvest operations. Poor drying conditions of cooler temperatures and cloudy conditions
through to Sunday delayed harvest.
 
Across the region, harvest progress is estimated at 65% complete. Average to above average
yields continue to be reported from all sectors: spring wheat 40 to 85 bu/acre, canola 15 to
60 bu/acre, oats 75 to 150 bu/acre, and barley 50 to 100 bu/acre. Lower yields are generally
a result of early season excess moisture.
 
An estimated 50% of canola acres are in swath and 45% is combined. Cereals are 75% combined
and 25% is swathed or ready for straight combining. Generally, harvest is less advanced
through the northern portion of the region.
 
Soybeans around the Dauphin and Ste Rose areas are maturing with some fields ready to
harvest. Many of the fields through Fork River and Grandview areas are beginning to drop
leaves.
 
Winter wheat and fall rye which was seeded earlier is 2 to 3 leaf stage. Some additional
acres were planted late in the week into the recent moisture.
 
Corn silage operations have begun. Some late harvest continues on native forage lands which
continue to become accessible with continued low rainfall amounts. Some forage shortfall
exists in the Westlake and The Pas areas; however, surplus straw and forage supplies are
available through most of the region. Pasture conditions are declining with maturity and
livestock water supplies adequate in all areas.
 

Central Region

Harvest operations were slowed in the Central Region by showers; minimal accumulations were
reported in the eastern areas while 10 to 30 mm was reported in the western areas. Frost
occurred in most areas, with minimal injury, while isolated areas in the northwest part of
the region report some harder frosts.
 
Across the region harvest progress is as follows: spring wheat 80 to 100% complete, barley 90
to 100% complete, oats 70 to 100% complete, canola 60 to 100% complete, and edible beans 5 to
40% complete.
 
Yields and quality are generally good for cereals and oilseeds. Lower protein contents are
noted in spring wheat, and some downgrading occurred due to ergot and rain weathering the
crop. Fusarium damaged kernel levels are lower than normal. Edible bean harvest continues
with yield in the 2000 lb/acre range.
 
Flax harvest has begun. Sunflowers are maturing and desiccation has taken place in some
fields.
 
Some soybeans and corn still need additional time to mature. Soybean harvest continues, with
early yield reports of 35 to 55 bu/acre and most in the 40 bu/acre range. Dry down is
noticeable in the earliest-maturing corn hybrids, encouraged by lack of significant rains.
Silage corn harvest has started. Potato digging started last week with above average yields
in the 350 to 450 cwt range.
 
Winter wheat and fall rye are seeded. Acres are expected to be similar to lower than last
year, due to a later canola harvest and excellent spring wheat yields. Recent rains in some
areas were beneficial for germination, although some fields would benefit from additional
rain. To date, germination is rated as average to good.
 
Some post-harvest weed control is occurring, although less than normal in some areas due to a
later harvest or earlier preharvest applications. Soil testing continues. Baling of straw has
limited crop residue burning. Tillage operations continue as conditions allow.
 
Livestock producers are working on greenfeed and cereal silage. Haying continues. In areas
where first cut was late or extended, most second cut will occur after killing frosts. Other
areas will take a third cut close to a killing frost. Yields are expected to be average for
most areas. Winter feed supplies will be inadequate for some producers. Pastures are browning
in some areas; rain is needed to rejuvenate stands.
 

Eastern Region

No significant rainfall amounts were recorded in the Eastern Region. However, weather
conditions were not conducive to enhancing crop maturity or dry down for late season crops
and any remaining cereals or canola. Last week’s frost event resulted in some damage of corn,
sunflower and soybean leaves; symptoms were variable across most fields and should not result
in significant impact to yield or quality.
 
Harvest progress is estimated at 65% complete. Average yields for the region are as follows:
winter wheat 70 to 80 bu/acre, spring wheat 45 to 60 bu/acre, barley 80 to 90 bu/acre, oats
100 to 125 bu/acre and canola 40 to 60 bu/acre.
Soybeans are at mid R7 to R8 stage. The most advanced short seasoned varieties are fully
mature. Soybean harvesting started last week and will continue as weather conditions allow.
Corn development ranges from late dent stage to physiological maturity. Corn silage harvest
is underway with yields well above average. Sunflowers are at R8 stage with bract browning in
progress and approaching physiological maturity.
 
Winter wheat seeding in the Eastern Region is complete; some fields are at the 2 to 3 leaf
stage.
 
Winter feed supply status is: hay at 5% surplus, 70 to 80% adequate, and 5 to 30% inadequate;
straw supplies at 100% surplus; greenfeed at 100% adequate and feed grains at 5 to 10%
surplus, 80 to 90% adequate and 5 to 10% inadequate.
 
Pasture conditions in the region are rated as 40% good, 45% fair and 15% poor. Livestock
water (including dugouts) is rated at 90% adequate and 10% inadequate.
 

Interlake Region

Seasonal temperatures, along with scattered showers, slowed harvest progress throughout the
Interlake Region. Night time temperatures did go below zero degrees Celsius a few nights
causing frost.
 
Soybean harvest has begun in South Interlake, with average yields and seed quality reported.
North Interlake is still harvesting canola, flax and spring wheat, while soybean harvest
remains a few days away. Winter wheat seeding is complete. Alfalfa seed fields are being
harvested with no report on yields to date. Tillage operations and drainage is ongoing
throughout the region.
 
Eriksdale and Lundar areas started to feed cattle on pasture due to lack of pasture
production. Producers are busy loading bales off the fields. Dugout conditions are good.