Crop Report: Issue 6, June 9, 2014


Weekly Provincial Summary

  •  Provincially, seeding progress in Manitoba is estimated at 85% complete.
  • By region, seeding is 65 to 70% complete in the Southwest Region, 75% complete in the Northwest Region, 95% complete in the Central Region, 90% complete in the Eastern Region and over 95% complete in the Interlake Region.
  • There continues to be areas across Manitoba where seeding progress is not as advanced due to wet soil conditions. In the Southwest Region, some areas are reporting seeding progress at 10 to 20% complete.
  • Crops continue to emerge rapidly and stand establishment is generally rated as good to excellent. Weed control is a priority for producers as crops continue to advance.
  • Flea beetle activity in canola continues to be a concern in some areas of Manitoba.


In the Southwest Region, thundershowers throughout the week resulted in rainfall amounts ranging from 10 mm to upwards of 50 mm. Overall, seeding progress in the region is estimated at 65 to 70% complete. Seeding progress by crop type is: spring wheat 85% complete, field peas 100%, barley and oats 75%, canola 70%, flax 80%, and soybeans 100% complete. 
North of Highway #1, good seeding progress was made with the majority of producers between 75 to 95% seeded; however, there are producers in those areas who are still dealing with excess moisture and are only at 25 to 50% seeded. Producers in the areas south of Highway #1 and east of Highway #10 are generally done seeding. The most southwest areas of the region, including areas south of Highway #1 and west of Highway #10, are still struggling with seeding operations. Many farms in the areas of Pierson, Melita, Tilston and Reston are only 10 to 15% seeded; a few producers have seeded 20% of their acres. Some producers in the region are broadcast seeding, but the practice is not widespread. It is anticipated there will be unseeded acres in the Southwest Region. Producers are inquiring about planting greenfeed in some of these areas.
Crops are emerging rapidly due to warm temperatures. Winter wheat and fall rye are at the tillering stage. Weed control measures are being done in most fields. Flea beetle feeding is a major concern in most of areas, with control measures being implemented in some cases. Cutworm damage is also being reported in some areas. 
Pastures and hay fields in areas north of Highway #1 continue to respond well to the recent heat and moisture and are in fair to good condition. Producers continue to move cattle to pasture, with most cattle now on pasture. In the southwest area from south of Brandon through to Melita area, recent rains have continued to make pasture and hay conditions worse. While forage is growing rapidly in many areas, there are large areas affected by excess moisture where pasture and hay land are too wet to access. Dugouts and sloughs are full.


Rain showers and thunderstorms continued to impact areas of the Northwest Region over the past week with amounts ranging from 12 mm to over 25 mm. Some hail was reported in the Ste. Rose and Swan Valley areas. Temperatures dipped below zero in The Pas area Friday night. Very little crop has emerged so frost damage is negligible. 
Seeding is approximately 75% complete in the Northwest Region. Approximately 80% of the wheat crop, 70% of the canola crop, and 75% of the corn acres are seeded, while only 50% of the intended soybean crop was seeded. Seeding progress made over the past week was under less than ideal conditions. Producers in localized areas were challenged with wet soil conditions. The best seeding progress was in the Roblin area where seeding is 98% complete. Producers at The Pas have the least amount of crop seeded at about 60%.
For the most part, crops have and are emerging quickly and uniformly. There are reports of crop damage in the Swan Valley due to heavy rains. On average, 90% of the pea crop has emerged, about 75% of the wheat crop has emerged, 45% of the canola crop has emerged, and less than 10% of the soybeans have emerged. There are a few reports of flea beetle activity in some fields and there are no reports of cutworm activity.
Forage fields are growing rapidly with alfalfa plants nearing the optimal harvest date. Monitoring in the Dauphin area shows that the maturity levels are at the optimum for dairy quality hay. Pastures are in good condition and have adequate to excessive moisture conditions.


In the Central Region, rainfall over the week continued to be extremely variable with amounts ranging from 5 mm to over 25 mm. Small amounts of hail were reported northwest of Gladstone in the Plumas, Glenella, Waldersee areas, and also in the Morden and St.Pierre areas. Temperatures dropped close to frost levels over the weekend in western areas of the region; however, there are no reports of frost injury.
Normal temperatures and wind allowed most farmers to complete seeding operations with overall seeding progress estimated at 95% complete in the Central Region. In the northwest part of the region, including areas north of Highway # 16, north of Portage, and MacGregor area, wet conditions continue to make seeding difficult. Cereals and canola continue to be seeded in those areas, with some canola acres broadcast seeded. Producers are seeding around wet areas in the fields to get acres in. However, the northwest part of the region does report 80 to 85% of acres are seeded. There are other areas in the region that would benefit from rain.
All crops have seen rapid germination, emergence and growth. Cereal crops development ranges from emerging to as advanced as five leaf stage and tillering. Emergence is generally even and stands look good. Canola development ranges from emerging to the four leaf stage; majority of acres are in the cotyledon to two leaf stage. Soybeans range in development from germinating to early first trifoliate; minimal issues due to crusting are noted. In some fields, rolling after emergence was done due to rapid germination and the number of acres to complete. Corn growth ranges from emerging to six leaves.
Winter wheat continues to receive herbicide applications; most operations are complete. There is variability of growth stages within fields, with development ranging as widely as three leaf stage to early flag leaf. Fungicide applications, if necessary, will be a challenge to time properly.
Herbicide applications continue; some producers report half to three quarters of their acres are complete. Early spraying of volunteer cereals and wild oats continues in canola; broadleaf control will take place as more weeds germinate. Foxtail and barnyard grass are showing up, with heavy populations in some areas.
Flea beetle activity continues, but pressures are starting to wane in areas. Many fields are growing rapidly with minimal feeding injury. However, a number of fields were treated at the same time as early grass control applications; other fields have only required a pass or two on headlands. Several fields were reseeded due to heavy flea beetle damage or a combination of flea beetle and cutworm damage. Some acres of corn, sunflowers and soybeans were sprayed for cutworms in the Elm Creek and Starbuck areas. Diamondback moth numbers increased in monitoring traps, but overall numbers are still low. Grasshoppers are emerging, with high populations noted in some places.
Overall, hay and pasture conditions are good with availability of water for livestock adequate. Seasonal, good growing conditions are seeing forages growing rapidly with hay land and pastures improving significantly. Producers are getting equipment ready for first cut haying operations. Most cattle have been moved to pasture. Moisture conditions in hay and pasture land are predominantly adequate with some pockets in northern areas in an excess position. 


Varying amounts of rainfall occurred throughout most of the Eastern Region. Cumulative rainfall varied from 12 to 24 mm. Reports of some hail activity in the region, but crop damage is still to be assessed.
Producers made good seeding progress last week in the Eastern Region with progress estimated at 90% complete. Areas that have received significantly more rain are only 50% done seeding.
Herbicide applications are on-going in soybeans and cereals; producers are making steady progress. It is expected many producers will be finishing the first herbicide pass on all their emerged acres this week.
Winter wheat is growing rapidly. Stands were terminated in the region for a variety of factors, including wireworm damage, excess moisture, and winter injury due to early spring cold snaps causing crown damage. In some cases, fields that were exhibiting good spring growth lost condition and eventually died.
Significant flea beetle feeding is being reported in many fields. Some fields have been sprayed twice for flea beetle control, while some fields have been reseeded due to high levels of damage. Some cutworm damage is being reported in grain corn; some fields were sprayed.
Haying has started in some areas of the region. New alfalfa fields are showing the best growth at approximately 56 cm in height, and neared a relative feed value of 150 which is ideal for harvesting. Most cattle are on pasture as growth has picked up considerably. Moisture conditions of hay and pastureland are adequate and in some areas in excess. Availability of livestock water is rated as 100% adequate across the Eastern region. 


Cooler temperatures, along with scattered showers, were recorded throughout the Interlake Region. Precipitation throughout the area averaged 2 to 15 mm. This precipitation was well received in the Interlake region, helping with late seeded crops.
Seeding throughout the Interlake Region is 95 to 99% complete. South Interlake acres are completely seeded. In the Arborg area, a small percentage of acres remain to be seeded, and in the Ashern area acres are still drying up and waiting to be seeded.
Spraying of spring cereals and oilseeds is well underway in the south Interlake, while areas in the north Interlake isn’t as advanced but spraying is slowly getting underway. Flea beetles are doing damage throughout the Interlake Region on canola stands. In some cases, thresholds are high enough to warrant an insecticide application. There are reports of cutworms in seeded fields, and they will be sprayed before any further damage can occur. Forage seed acres were also sprayed for weed control. Leaf cutter bee incubation has begun, as the alfalfa fields are approaching the pre-bud stage.
Most hay stands need warmer temperatures to help plant growth. Alfalfa and grass stands appear to be in good condition. Dugout conditions are good.