Crop Report: Issue 7, June 16, 2014

  

Weekly Provincial Summary

  • Provincially, seeding progress in Manitoba is estimated at 90% complete.
  • By region, seeding is 80% complete in the Southwest Region, 90% complete in the Northwest Region, and over 95% complete in the Central, Eastern and Interlake Regions.
  • Majority of Manitoba received precipitation and accumulations varied from 8 mm to over 100 mm. Impact to crops is being assessed as crop injury will depend on the stage of crop development and duration of the excessive moisture conditions.
  • Weed control operations progressed rapidly over the past week but were hampered by windy conditions in some areas and the weekend precipitation. Weed control will remain a priority for producers as fields dry.
  • The recent cooler temperatures are slowing crop development. However, a return to warmer temperatures should allow crops to advance quickly. 
     

Southwest

In the Southwest Region, rainfall towards the end of the week resulted in amounts ranging from 15 to 30 mm. Isolated areas received higher amounts as heavy thundershowers were reported. Average to below average temperatures slowed crop growth last week; however, crop is emerging quickly.
 
Many producers were able to seed early in the week prior to the rain. Overall seeding progress for the region is estimated at 80% complete. In areas north of Highway #1, seeding is 90 to 95% complete; however, some individual producers are 70 to 75% complete. In areas south of Highway #1, seeding progress is estimated at 30 to 40% complete.  It is projected additional acres may be seeded in the coming days in areas that received minimal precipitation.
 
Early seeded crops are emerging and are being sprayed for weed control. Most broadcast seeded canola has emerged nicely due to the frequent showers; the crop is growing rapidly. Some cereal crops are showing symptoms of moisture stress and early season leaf disease; some producers are applying a fungicide with the herbicide. Later seeded crops are emerging quickly, typically within 3 to 4 days. Some producers had to reseed as heavy rains resulted in soil crusting.
 
Fall rye is heading. Majority of the winter wheat crop is in the flag leaf stage, although some fields are still at the tillering stage due to cooler than normal weather conditions last week.
 
Flea beetle pressure is low to moderate in most areas due to the cool, moist conditions and with the canola outgrowing any injury rapidly. However, there are some reports of spraying for control of flea beetles. Some isolated reports of cutworm activity, although damage is relatively minor.
 
The cooler conditions last week slowed forage growth slightly. Alfalfa stands are rated as good, with development in the early to mid-bud stage. Some dairy operations started first cut silage and commercial hay growers will be starting first cut soon. Majority of cows are to pasture, with pastures growing well. Water levels in some areas of the region are causing issues. Dugouts and sloughs remain full.
 

Northwest

Rain showers and thunderstorms continued to impact most of the Northwest Region, with rainfall amounts ranging from 12 mm to over 51 mm. There is standing water in the low lying areas of many fields.
 
Some seeding progress was made last week, but producers in localized areas were challenged by wet soil conditions. Seeding progress is approximately 90% complete in the region. Across the region, seeding progress ranges from 99% complete in the Roblin area to only 70% complete at The Pas. Approximately 95% of the wheat crop and 90% of the canola crop is seeded. Soybean and grain corn planting is complete.
 
Fields that were seeded show good germination and even emergence. On average, 100% of the pea crop is emerged, 95% of the wheat crop is emerged, 75% of the canola crop is emerged with 30% of that in the seedling stage, and about 95% of the soybeans are emerged. In crop herbicide applications are being made. Excessive moisture is causing some crop damage. There are a few reports of low flea beetle activity in some fields.
 
Hayfields and pastures in the Northwest Region are experiencing excessive moisture conditions. Nearly all cattle are moved to pasture, but with less than average temperatures, forage growth is slow. Dugouts are full to capacity and in some cases, overflowing their banks onto surrounding fields. 
 

Central

Rainfall was general throughout the Central Region over the weekend, with amounts ranging from 20 to 75 mm.
 
Most producers in the region have completed seeding, with the exception being the northwest corner of the region at 90% complete. The wettest areas, including MacGregor, and north and west of Gladstone, are the least advanced. There are also a few fields left in the Cartwright area near the U.S. border. Producers are doing their best to seed around wet areas to get the crop seeded.
 
Many areas of the region were looking for rain, and although there is standing water in many fields, it is being absorbed quickly in most cases. The wettest areas of the region didn’t see as much precipitation, but any amount on saturated soils continues to impact seeding operations. Some hail was reported early last week in Darlingford, Manitou and areas south. Damage was reported as heavy and assessments are being made.
 
Advancement in crop growth slowed with the cooler temperatures, but crops are generally growing well. Cereals are emerging to as advanced as five leaf stage and tillering. Emergence is generally even and stands look good. Canola development ranges from emerging to as advanced as the six leaf stage; majority of acres are in the three to five leaf stage. Soybeans range from cotyledon to early second trifoliate, with minimal issues due to crusting noted. Edible beans range in growth from emerging to the unifoliate stage. Corn has two to six leaves. Peas are up to six nodes. Sunflowers are emerging, up to four leaf stage.
 
Most of the winter wheat is in stem elongation to flag leaf stages, and herbicide applications are complete. Fields have variable crop staging, so fungicide applications, if necessary, will be a challenge to time properly.
 
Herbicide applications continue, with most of the region reporting 50 to 70% complete. Weeds are growing rapidly, and high winds last week impacted application operations and timing. Most cereal fields have been sprayed. Second applications or broadleaf applications are being made in most canola fields. Soybeans have seen a first herbicide application in most cases. Herbicide applications will continue in all crops as fields dry.
 
Flea beetle activity continues, but pressures are starting to wane in areas. Several fields required control measures or were reseeded due to heavy flea beetle damage or a combination of flea beetle and cutworm damage. Diamondback moth numbers increased in monitoring traps, but overall numbers remain low. Some larvae were seen. Monitoring has begun for bertha armyworm moths. Some acres of corn, sunflowers and soybeans were sprayed for cutworms. Grasshoppers are emerging, with high populations noted in some places.
 
Overall to date, the forage crop is rated as good to very good. Hay crops are advancing rapidly and cutting should begin shortly. Alfalfa is up to 60 cm high; grasses are heading. Pastures are generally in good shape providing plenty of feed. Livestock water supplies are favourable.
  

Eastern

Varying amounts of rainfall occurred throughout most of the Eastern Region, with amounts ranging from 40 to 105 mm. In northern areas of the region, there is standing water in fields. The drainage system is at full capacity. Assessment of crop damage will occur over the next week, although it is expected damage will occur in the lower areas of the fields.
 
It is estimated the Eastern Region is 95% seeded. The recent heavy rainfall has brought seeding to an end.
Winter wheat is growing rapidly, with flag leaves starting to emerge. Wet field conditions will impact fungicide applications on most fields. Some producers may try aerial applications if disease pressure warrants.
 
Insects are active and are causing damage. Flea beetles in canola are still causing concerns with some post-emergent spraying and reseeding occurring. Cutworms are reported in sunflower, corn and canola, with some spraying happening for control. Grasshopper nymphs are being found, with some extensive crop damage on field margins noted.
 
Cattle in the region are on pasture. Haying has begun with many dairy producers taking their first cut of alfalfa. Heavy rainfall over the weekend will slow hay harvest progress. Pastures and hayfields are soggy with standing water visible in many areas. Availability of livestock water is rated as 100% adequate.
 

Interlake

 
The Interlake Region received rainfall over the weekend which resulted in precipitation amounts ranging from 35 to 75 mm. In areas to the south that surround the Selkirk area, field drains are 100% full with road ditches and water drains being close to 75% of capacity. In the northern areas of the Interlake, water is ponding on many fields and field drains are partially full. Cool day and night temperatures have slowed plant development.
 
Seeding throughout the Interlake Region is complete, with only trace amounts of specialty crops yet to be seeded.
 
Spring cereals development ranges from 1 leaf to one tiller growth stage. Canola growth ranges from cotyledon stage to 4 leaf stage. Corn staging ranges from emergence to the V1 stage. Winter wheat fields are in the tillering to stem elongation stages.
 
Herbicide applications are still ongoing throughout the region. The recent rainfall will delay spraying for several days. There are reports of cutworms causing damage in sunflowers in the South Interlake. Flea beetle damage in canola fields decreased with the cooler temperatures, as well as an increase in plant development.
 
Pasture and hay conditions are rated as good. First cut in alfalfa fields started last week in the South Interlake. Pasture conditions improved since last week with better plant stands. Dugout conditions are good.