Crop Report: Issue 22, September 28, 2015


Weekly Provincial Summary 

  • Favourable weather conditions of warm temperatures and minimal rainfall allowed for good harvest progress across most of Manitoba.
  • Winter wheat and fall rye is emerging with excellent germination and stand establishment reported.
  • Fall field work including post-harvest weed control, fall fertilizer applications, tillage and soil testing is on-going.

Southwest Region

Seasonal to above normal temperatures, little to no rainfall, and generally dry field conditions allowed for good harvest progress in the Southwest Region.
The spring cereal harvest is approaching completion with yields reported at above average. Some quality loss is noted as the last of the spring cereals are harvested.
The canola crop also saw good harvest progress over this past week with non-reseeded canola acres approaching 75 to 90% completion with above long term average yields. Across the entire region, approximately 40 to 50% of the reseeded canola acres are complete with yields above long term averages. More progress was made in the southern areas of the region where reseeded canola is 70 to 80% done, yielding 40 to 55 bu/acre.
Flax fields continue to be desiccated in preparation for harvest. Some initial harvest is reported in the southern areas, with average to above average yields.
Most soybean varieties are in the R8 (brown pod/mature) stage of development with harvest becoming general in the southern areas of the region; above average yields reported. Sunflowers and grain corn continue to mature and dry down.
Winter wheat and fall rye seeding is approaching completion with seeded acreage higher than last year.
Field work is progressing. Post-harvest herbicide application is on-going due to re-growth.
Hay and pastures benefited from the recent rains, although growth is slowed with shorter days and cooler temperatures. Corn silage harvesting continues. Low lying areas of fields, sloughs and field perimeters are utilized wherever possible to extend the grazing period. Water levels in dugouts are at 75 to 85% of capacity.

Northwest Region

Drier weather conditions prevailed through most of the Northwest Region over the week allowing for harvest progress. There are many instances of crop being harvested at tough moisture levels, and then artificially dried or put on aeration to prevent spoilage. Frost reports varied through the region with little or no frost recorded in southern parts of the region to heavy frost reported for The Pas. Heavy winds on the weekend caused slight damage to canola swaths in localized parts of the Swan Valley.
Overall, harvest is about 70% complete for the region. Some producers in the southern part of the region have completed harvesting cereals and canola and have begun soybean harvest. Weather permitting soybean harvest will be general this coming week.
Only flax, buckwheat and grain corn remain to be harvested in southern areas of the region. The remainder of the region is waiting on later seeded canola, flax, soybeans and grain corn crops. Average yields and quality are reported for most crops.
In many cases, fall field work operations are caught up to harvest and many tilled fields have good re-growth of weeds and volunteer plants. Soil moisture conditions are adequate in most parts of the region but are excessive in The Pas.
Good drying conditions over the weekend solidified a good portion of harvesting feed supplies. Much needed sun and wind dried hay to harvestable conditions. Corn harvest for silage has begun. Pasture growth is complete for this growing season with supplemental feeding required now for those cattle that remain on pasture. Water supplies are adequate. 

Central Region

Rainfall amounts of 10 to 50 mm fell over much of the Central Region on Wednesday and Thursday, with the highest amounts near the US border. Along with minor showers, this precipitation and heavy dews slowed harvest operations. Isolated areas are very wet, limiting harvest progress, as well as fall field work. Warm temperatures on Saturday, along with high winds, allowed many to get back into the fields earlier than expected. Any future frost events will have little, if any, impact on crops, other than to speed up dry down.
There still remain a few cereal fields to be harvested. Majority of the canola harvest is also complete, with only the last of the reseeded fields to be done. Yield reports continue to be variable, with yields ranging from 10 to 50 bu/acre.
Flax harvest is wrapping up; yield reports range from 18 to 35 bu/acre. Harvest continues in sunflowers, with yields ranging from 1500 to 3000 lbs/acre. Corn is maturing and dry down has been very noticeable this past week. Some early fields are harvested, some at relatively high moisture levels (30%). No yield reports to date. Potato harvest continues with excellent progress made.
Edible bean harvest continues as conditions allow, with yields reported as average to slightly below average; majority of the crop is harvested. Soybean harvest continues, and varies from 40% to as much as 90% complete. Yields range from 15 to 50 bu/acre. At this point, average yield is expected to be in the 35 to 40 bu/acre range.
There is good re-growth of perennial weeds post-harvest, allowing for control measures to be made in preparation for next year. Most fields show post-harvest weed pressure, especially following the recent rains.
Fall rye and winter wheat are seeded; crops are germinating and emerging well with recent rains. Volunteer canola is a concern in a number of fields. At this point, seeded acres are estimated to be flat to slightly above last year’s acres.
Fall tillage is underway where conditions allow. There are still a number of fields that are too wet to work properly; some will need more drying time. Drier areas received adequate rainfall to work reasonably well. Soil testing continues and fall fertilizing has started.
Some third cut hay is being cut, or will be cut. Hay supplies are sufficient for most producers, but excess supplies are limited. Corn silage harvest continues, and is wrapping up in western areas. Pasture growth has slowed with shorter days, or stopped, dependent on moisture conditions. Low lying areas of fields, sloughs and field perimeters are utilized wherever possible to extend the grazing period. Most pasture in the south and west areas are rated fair to poor. The northwest areas report pastures are in great shape. Water supplies are adequate.

Eastern Region

Overall, the weather in the Eastern Region last week facilitated progress with both harvesting and field work with reasonably good drying conditions including above seasonal temperatures. However, midweek rainfall accumulations ranging from 5 to 20 mm did occur in southern and central districts, temporarily delaying field operations with some producers having to wait until the weekend to resume.
Spring wheat harvest is complete with an average yield of 55 bu/acre and average quality. Oat harvest is complete with an average yield of 110 bu/acre and average quality. Soybean harvest is 25% complete with an average yield of 40 bu/acre and average quality. Rapid progress with soybean harvest is expected this week if the weather remains seasonable and free of rainfall events. Sunflowers are in the R9 growth stage and desiccation has occurred in most fields. Most corn is in the R6 or physiologically mature.
Hay supplies are rated at 20% surplus and 80% adequate. Straw, greenfeed and feed grain supplies are rated as adequate. Pasture conditions are rated at 60% good, 20% fair and 20% poor. Cattle remain on pastures with the odd producer supplemental feeding. Availability of livestock water is adequate.

Interlake Region

Seasonal weather conditions were experienced throughout the Interlake Region. Sunny and windy conditions allowed producers to continue harvesting crops and continue with fall tillage.
Harvest progress is estimated to be 70 to 75% complete. Producers started harvesting soybeans in both south and north Interlake areas. Spring cereals and oilseeds harvest is nearly completed with some late seeded fields being the exception. Flax crops can still be found standing or swathed with reports of yields ranging from 10 to 20 bu/acre. Alfalfa seed fields continue to be combined with no reports on yields or dockage. Corn continues to dry down and sunflowers are being desiccated. Field work continues as fields dry; however, in most areas water can still be found in fields from previous rainfall.