Crop Report: Issue 23, October 5, 2015


Weekly Provincial Summary 

  • In Manitoba, harvest progress was slowed over the past week and into the weekend due to precipitation. Harvest operations will resume once field and weather conditions permit.
  • Grain corn harvest has started; producers also continue to harvest canola, flax, soybeans and sunflowers.
  • Winter cereals are emerging with excellent germination and stand establishment reported.
  • Fall field work, including fall fertilizer applications, tillage, post-harvest weed control and soil testing is on-going.

Southwest Region

In the Southwest Region, seasonal to above normal temperatures, followed by the first killing frost and generally dry conditions, allowed for good harvest progress until mid-week precipitation. Rainfall amounts were variable ranging from trace to 20 mm with hail reported in the Oakburn/Menzie area.
The spring cereal harvest is approaching completion with only isolated fields remaining. The canola harvest also saw good progress with non-reseeded canola acres approaching completion while reseeded canola fields are at 80 to 90% complete. Canola is yielding above long term averages.
The flax harvest is 20 to 25% complete as the majority of fields are still drying down after pre-harvest applications. Initial yield reports in the southern areas of the region indicate average to above average yields.
Soybeans are at the R8 (brown pod/mature) stage of development. Harvest becoming general across the region with above average yields of 35 to 40 bu/acre. Corn and sunflower crops continue to dry down.
Winter wheat and fall rye seeding is complete with seeded acreage up significantly over last year. Adequate soil moisture and frequent precipitation has resulted in excellent emergence and early season growth with most fields in the 2 to 3 leaf stage.
Rain showers and warm fall weather have kept pastures in good shape if management has been adequate. Producers in some areas are still waiting for a hard frost so second or third cut of forage can be taken.

Northwest Region

Drizzle and scattered showers on Sunday put a halt to harvest throughout the entire Northwest Region. However, good harvest progress was made in most parts of the region prior to the rain. The exception was the Swan Valley where harvest was interrupted mid week by rainfall with amounts between 10 to 25 mm. A general killing frost has yet to occur in many areas of the region.
Overall, harvest is 80% complete in the Northwest Region. Producers in the southern parts of the region have completed cereals and canola and are into soybean harvest. Flax, buckwheat and grain corn remain to be harvested. The rest of the region is waiting on later seeded canola, flax, soybeans and grain corn crops. Average yields and quality are reported for most crops.
Fall field work operations are generally caught up to harvest and many tilled fields have a good growth of weeds and volunteer plants. Soil moisture conditions are adequate in the region.
Corn silage harvest continues with reported yields below average in areas that were dry at the beginning of the growing season. Second cut alfalfa harvest will be underway around Roblin where there was a killing frost; producers in other areas are still waiting for a killing frost. Although pasture growth is complete for the season, majority of pastures are still adequate for livestock.

Central Region

The Central Region received moderate amounts of rainfall, ranging from 5 to 10 mm of precipitation on Wednesday and Thursday. Harvest did continue where possible this past week. Isolated areas in the region remain wet, limiting harvest progress as well as fall field work. Frost last week had little impact to crops remaining in the field as maturity had been reached.
Most of the cereal crop harvest is completed, along with the majority of the canola harvest. Canola yield reports are variable, ranging from 10 to 50 bu/acre.
Flax harvest is mostly complete with yield reports of 18 to 35 bu/acre. Harvest continues in sunflowers with yields ranging from 1500 to 3000 lbs/acre. Corn harvest is underway with yields of 110 to 130 bu/acre reported; kernel moisture contents are in the 25% range. Corn silage harvest is nearing completion in western areas. Potato harvest continues; good yields and quality reported.
Edible bean harvest is nearly complete with average to slightly below average yields, and average to slightly below average quality. Soybeans harvest is progressing with yields ranging from 15 to 50 bu/acre, with average yields of 35 to 40 bu/acre.
Fall rye and winter wheat are seeded; crops are germinating and emerging well with recent rains.
There is good regrowth of perennial weeds post-harvest, allowing for control measures to be made in preparation for next year. Fall tillage continues. There are still a number of fields in the Red River Valley that are too wet to work properly. Soil testing continues. Fall fertilizing has started and is expected to continue now that much of the harvest is done and field conditions are favourable.
Third cut hay is mostly complete. Hay supplies are sufficient for most producers, but excess supplies are limited. Most pastures in the region are rated fair to poor. Pasture growth has slowed with shorter, cooler days, or stopped, dependent on moisture conditions. Some cattle are being moved to harvested crop fields where regrowth can support grazing. Livestock water supplies are adequate.

Eastern Region

The Eastern Region experienced seasonal weather last week with very limited rainfall accumulation which facilitated progress with both harvesting and field work. Continued progress with the soybean and sunflower harvest is expected this week if the weather remains seasonable and free of rainfall events.
Soybean harvest is 75% complete with an average yield of 40 bu/acre and average quality. Sunflower harvest is 60% complete with an average yield of 1750 lbs/acre. Oil types have average quality. Some quality challenges are anticipated with confectionary types but the extent is unknown at this time. Corn is physiologically mature. Some initial attempts at harvesting were made and harvest progress is expected this week if weather conditions are favourable for kernel dry down.
Most winter wheat fields have good stand establishment with growth stages varying from two to three leaves and a tiller. Some herbicide applications on winter wheat to control high densities of volunteer canola have occurred.
Producer focus is shifting to field work and fertilizer application as they either complete harvest or are close to finishing.
Hay supplies in the region are rated at 20% surplus and 80% adequate. Straw, greenfeed and feed grain supplies are all rated as adequate. Pasture conditions are rated at 60% good, 20% fair and 20% poor. Pastures are still growing and supporting livestock. The odd producer is bringing livestock to wintering sites and starting to sell calves. Availability of livestock water is adequate.

Interlake Region

Seasonal temperatures were experienced throughout the Interlake Region last week. Trace amounts of precipitation occurred mid week amounting to 2 to 10 mm. Night temperatures went below 0oC last week. Last week’s weather of strong winds, low humidity and seasonal temperatures allowed producers to continue harvest and in some cases producers were able to finish harvest completely.
Harvest progress is estimated to be 85 to 90% complete. Soybean harvest continues with estimated yields of 30 to 40 bu/acre; in areas where excess moisture was an issue, yields are 15 to 25 bu/acre. Grain corn is getting closer to the ideal moisture level where harvest will begin. With favourable weather, producers could be starting as early as next week. Sunflower harvest continued last week with no reports on estimated yields. Trace amounts of spring cereals, canola and flax remain to be harvested. Alfalfa seed fields continue to be harvested and are nearly completed.
Field tillage also continues throughout the region and is estimated at 30 to 35% complete.
Some warm and sunny days enabled some late season haying. Second and third cut alfalfa is being ensiled. Cattle are being moved to alfalfa fields.