Crop Report: Issue 2, May 9, 2016

 
 

Weekly Provincial Summary 

  • Seeding progress in Manitoba is estimated at 48% complete.
  • Seeding is 45% complete in the Southwest Region, 35% complete in the Northwest Region, 40 to 75% complete in the Central Region, 45% complete in the Eastern Region and 40% complete in the Interlake Region.
  • Cereal crops, canola, corn and peas are starting to emerge.
  • Areas within Manitoba would benefit from precipitation to allow seeding operations and fertilizer applications to continue, and assist in crop emergence and growth.
 

Southwest Region

Warm, dry weather over the past week allowed producers to make excellent seeding progress in the Southwest Region. Overall, seeding is approximately 45% complete. Some areas south of Highway #1 are as high as 80% complete and are waiting for rainfall before planting any further acres. Seeding of cereal crops are approximately 60% complete, while oilseed crops are 25% complete. Corn planting began last week and soybeans may start later this week.
Most crops have been planted into good soil moisture. Early seeded cereal crops are emerging, with the most advanced acres at the two leaf stage.
The winter wheat and fall rye crops are growing well, with herbicides being sprayed for weed control.
Pastures and hay land are greening up. Some producers have started to move cattle to pasture. Dugouts remain 80% full.

Northwest Region

The Northwest Region experienced hot, dry, windy weather conditions over the past week. Generally, soil moisture is adequate in most parts, although there are some well drained sandy soils that are drier. Soil temperatures range between 7 and 10 degrees Celsius.
Field operations are progressing rapidly throughout most of the region. Field activity includes harrowing, fertilizer applications, pre-seed herbicide applications and seeding wheat, field peas, fababeans and some canola.
 
Overall, seeding is approximately 35% complete in the Northwest Region; 75% of the wheat crop is seeded while seeding of other crop types such as peas and fababeans is just underway. Many producers are holding off seeding soybeans and canola until after the middle of the month.
 
Weed growth including mostly stinkweed, dandelions and wild oats is general throughout the area. Volunteer plants including cereals and canola are evident in many fields. There is minimal insect activity to date.
 
Last week’s warm temperatures brought on forage growth with grasses in the 2 to 4 leaf stage and alfalfa at 6 to 11 cm tall. Rain forecasted for this week would further benefit forage growth and production. Seeding of corn silage has started.
 

Central Region

No rain this past week, coupled with above normal temperatures, contributed to dry down of the soil surface in areas of the Central Region. Strong winds at times led to soil drifting and blowing. Some growers are delaying seeding canola and soybeans due to drier soil conditions; risk of frost is a concern for some as it is still relatively early in the season. Some areas with heavier soils have just dried enough to allow producers to start seeding. Some soils remain cool below the surface. Light tillage is being done prior to seeding in some areas. Seeding is general in all areas and excellent progress was made last week, with seeding estimated at 40 to 75% complete in the Central Region. A few individual producers are done seeding their 2016 crop. Other producers have all their cereals and canola seeded. In general, southern areas of the region are most advanced while progress is slower in the northwest part of the region and in pockets in the southeast.  Generally, areas that received more rain earlier in the season lag behind.
 
The majority of cereal crop acres are seeded; progress ranges from 50 to 100% complete; average is 85%. Crop is emerging nicely where soil moisture is adequate. Seeding of canola ranges from 25 to 100% complete, averaging 40% for the region, and the earliest fields are emerging. Some producers are waiting for rain before seeding. Planting of corn ranges from 50 to 100% complete; some fields are emerging. Sunflower planting ranges from 50 to 100% complete. Soybeans continue to be seeded as well, but soil conditions are relatively cool. Progress ranges from 10 to 70% complete, with the regional average near 35%. Most pea acres are seeded, and some acres have emerged.
 
Excellent winter survival is seen in winter wheat and fall rye with crops rated in good to excellent condition. Most fields have had nitrogen fertilizer applied. Crop development is at the tillering stage and herbicide applications should start shortly, where required.
 
Weed growth is evident and many fields will require pre-seed/post-emergent burn-off to lessen weed competition to the crops.
 
No reports of significant insect pressure in crops to date. Traps for Manitoba Agriculture’s insect monitoring program are being installed.
 
Perennial forages, pastures and hay fields are growing well with the recent warm temperatures. Pasture growth isn’t sufficient to support cattle grazing at this point. Rain would be welcome on perennial stands. Livestock water supply is adequate.
 

Eastern Region

Sunny and warm conditions characterized Eastern Region weather last week. Soil temperatures in worked fields were noted as rising throughout last week with peak daily temperatures at seeding depth exceeding 13 degrees Celsius by the weekend. Fields are drying up rapidly. Soil moisture conditions on cropland across the region are rated as adequate.
 
Seeding was widespread across the region. By the end of last week, seeding progress was 45% complete in the Eastern Region. Approximately 60% of spring wheat and oats is planted, along with 35% of canola. As well, about 15% of soybeans, 50% of sunflowers, 90% of field peas and 60% of corn acres are planted. Emergence of some earlier seeded cereal and canola crops is noted. Precipitation would be welcomed by some producers and would benefit crops.
 
The warm conditions last week continued to dry fields and cattle yards. Growth of pasture land continues with some producers expected to move cattle in approximately a week. Across the region, the majority of hay and pasture lands are in good condition. Availability of livestock water is adequate.
 

Interlake Region

Mild temperatures and no rainfall enabled producers to get a good start on seeding operations last week in the Interlake Region. Warm temperatures allowed for good drying conditions. Soil temperatures ranged from 7 to 15 degrees Celsius.
 
Seeding progress varies throughout the Interlake Region. South Interlake is 45 to 55% complete while North Interlake is 30 to 35% complete. Seeding progress in the South Interlake is estimated at spring cereal crops 60 to 70% complete, oilseeds 30 to 35%, soybeans 5 to 10%, and grain corn and sunflower 25% complete. Seeding in the North Interlake is estimated to be 40 to 50% complete for cereal crops, 10 to 15% for oilseeds, and less than 10% complete for soybeans and grain corn.
 
Due to wet fall conditions, spring tillage is occurring in some areas in the North Interlake. Fertilizer is being applied and worked into the soil. Some pre-seed spraying is occurring, as well as herbicide applications on forages. Producers are waiting for rainfall so that they can spread fertilizer on grass seed and hay acres.
 
Native and tame pastures are providing very little feed from new growth so far this growing season. Tame legumes are growing actively; alfalfa is 7 to 20 cm tall. Most hayfields and pastures are at or near field capacity for soil moisture.