Crop Report: Issue 4, May 24, 2016

 
 

Weekly Provincial Summary 

  • Excellent field and weather conditions allowed seeding operations to continue across Manitoba. Provincially, seeding progress is estimated at 88% complete.
  • Many areas of Manitoba received precipitation over the weekend which was of benefit to crops, hay and pastures. However, additional precipitation would still be welcomed to assist with crop germination, emergence and growth.
  • Where soil moisture is adequate, crops are emerging rapidly.
  • Weed control will become a priority for producers as crops and weeds advance.
 

Southwest Region

Little to no rainfall was reported in the Southwest Region over the past week. Amounts varied with some heavier showers and hail occurring in very isolated areas. Several producers completed seeding over the weekend and overall the Southwest Region is approximately 85% complete. High winds over the past week have been challenging, resulting in blowing soil, drying of topsoil and impacting seed germination.
 
Seeding of cereal crops is 85 to 90% complete, with early seeded crop emerged and in the 2 to 4 leaf stage. Germination issues are noted on some acres as seed sits in dry soil. Most cereal acres north of Highway #2 are emerging with little to no problems.
 
Canola seeding is 75% complete with many acres planted into dry soil and needing a rainfall to germinate. Some early seeded canola is emerged and growing slowly because of little rainfall. Some reports of flea beetle pressure and cutworms.
 
Soybean planting is about 65% complete. Peas are 100% complete with most acres germinated and emerged.
Winter cereal crops are progressing well with some fields reaching the heading stage of development.
 
Forages advanced well over the past week and are showing little effects from the cool temperatures a week ago. Several producers have moved cattle to pasture. Dugouts are about 70% full.
 

Northwest Region

As a result of favorable weather conditions over the past week, good seeding progress was made throughout most of the Northwest Region. There were some localized showers reported in the southern part of the region. Soil moisture is adequate in most areas but higher portions of some fields are becoming dry. High winds caused soil to blow.
 
Overall seeding progress in the Northwest Region is estimated to be 80% complete. The two major crops grown in the region are wheat and canola. Approximately 95% of the wheat crop is seeded and about 50% has emerged. Emergence is very uniform. For canola, 85% of the crop is seeded with approximately 20% of the crop emerged. Other crops grown in the region include field peas, soybeans and flax. Most of the acres dedicated to these crops have been seeded. Corn silage‎ is 85% planted and early planted fields are emerging.
 
Herbicide applications are being made to the earlier seeded crops. There are a few reports of flea beetle activity in some canola fields but injury to date is minimal.
 
Forages are growing rapidly with the good moisture conditions and heat received over the weekend. Grasses are in 5 to 7 leaf stage with more advanced growth in the Dauphin area with some bromegrass starting to head out. The most advanced alfalfa growth measures 39 cm. Cattle are being moved to pasture with conditions varying. Pastures that were overgrazed last year are requiring supplementation.
 

Central Region

Continued dry weather and high winds on Friday and Saturday caused some soil blowing to occur in areas of the Central Region. On Sunday evening to Monday morning, most of the region received rainfall resulting in 10 to 45 mm. Some areas along the USA border in the Red River Valley and further west in the region received lesser amounts of rainfall.
 
Seeding is reported to be almost complete in the Central Region. Excellent seeding progress was made in almost all areas given the drier soil conditions. The majority of cereal crops are seeded. Crop is emerging nicely where soil moisture is adequate. Some areas with drier soil conditions have uneven germination as seed is sitting in dry soil. The most advanced cereals are in the three to four leaf stage.
 
Canola seeding progress ranges from 70 to 100% complete, averaging 90% for the region. The earliest seeded fields are emerging. Frost from the previous week, as well as high winds causing some wind damage to canola, has resulted in some reseeding particularly in the southern part of the Red River Valley. Flea beetle pressure is reported on the earliest emerged canola fields requiring some treatment.
 
Corn planting progress ranges from 95 to 100% complete, with some fields emerging. Frost injury is reported but recovery is expected in most cases. Sunflower seeding ranges from 95 to 100% complete. Soybean seeding progressed well last week with warmer soil temperatures. The majority of fields were seeded by the end of last week. Some soybeans are starting to emerge. Pea acres continue to emerge as well. Edible beans are reported to be 60 to 80% complete with planting.
 
Vegetable producers in the Portage area have been irrigating to help the crop germinate and start growth.
 
Most winter wheat fields are elongating and fall rye is very close to heading out. Herbicide applications are mostly complete in winter wheat.
 
Herbicide applications have started and should continue this week ahead of the forecasted rainfall. Fields are reported as being quite clean, with few if any wild oats seen in the majority of fields. The recent rain will stimulate both crops and weed growth.
 
Traps for Manitoba Agriculture’s insect monitoring program are installed and the first report for diamondback moth in canola indicates their arrival in the Red River Valley. There are no reports of significant disease pressure in crops to date.
 
Growth in perennial forages, pastures and hay fields was slow with the cooler temperatures and frosts. The recent moisture will be of benefit but hay crop yields will likely be impacted by the dry conditions experienced so far. Pasture growth is slow at this point mostly due to the dry conditions. More precipitation would be welcomed to give perennial stands a much needed boost. Livestock water supply is adequate, although some dugouts are low.
 

Eastern Region

Across the Eastern Region, 7 to 16 mm of precipitation fell overnight Sunday and into Monday with higher accumulations in southern areas. Last week, the weather was sunny and warm for the most part and field operations progressed rapidly. Many producers finished seeding or will be done this week. Warm soil temperatures led to rapid emergence and development of earlier seeded crops. While cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as adequate across the Eastern Region, most producers would welcome more precipitation.
 
Seeding progress in the Eastern Region is at 95% complete. Planting of spring cereals is complete with 90% of acres in the seedling stage or emerging. For canola, 95% of the acres are seeded with approximately 60% of the crop in the seedling stage or emerging. Ninety percent of soybean acres are seeded with approximately 50% of acres emerging. Seeding is complete for field peas, sunflower and grain corn. Approximately 80% of field pea and sunflower acres are in the seedling stage with the remaining acres emerging. Seventy-five percent of corn acres are in the V1 growth stage with the remaining 25% emerging.
 
Winter wheat is tillering with stems beginning to elongate. Spraying of winter wheat acres was completed last week. First pass herbicide spraying of cereals, canola and field peas have begun. Overall, crop conditions are rated as good to excellent at this time.
 
Across the region, the majority of hay land is rated in good condition with pastureland rated good to fair. Livestock are being moved to pasture, with tame pasture 10 to 15 cm tall and native pasture at the two leaf stage. Availability of livestock water is adequate.
 

Interlake Region

In the Interlake Region, warm temperatures and dry soil conditions gave many producers the opportunity to finish seeding for the 2016 season. Trace amounts of rainfall were experienced earlier in the week but did not slow seeding progress. On Monday morning, a storm system moved into the Interlake Region. Areas surrounding the Selkirk, Teulon, Arborg and Riverton received 15 to 35 mm of rainfall. Woodlands, Moosehorn, Eriksdale and surrounding areas received rainfall ranging from 5 to 15 mm.
 
Seeding progress throughout the Interlake Region ranges from 80 to 90% complete. Seeding of spring cereals, oilseeds and soybeans are estimated to be 80 to 100% complete, with corn and sunflowers 95 to 100% complete.
Most spring cereal crops have emerged and are at the 2 to 3 leaf stage. Canola fields seemed to have survived last week’s cold temperatures. There is very little flea beetles activity in canola fields. Early seeded soybean fields are starting to emerge in areas of the South Interlake.
 
Winter wheat continues to tiller and herbicide application will be completed shortly.
 
Pre-emergence spraying is occurring to control weed populations as the warm, moist conditions are favourable for weed development. The majority of all forage seed stands have been broadcasted with fertilizer and spraying will most likely occur this week.
 
Warm temperatures have aided hay fields and pastures. Monday’s rainfall event provided some much needed precipitation for forage stands. Producers are busy hauling livestock to pastures. Dugout conditions are good.