Crop Report: Issue 18, August 28, 2017


Weekly Provincial Summary 

    ·                 Rain fell throughout the province, but most areas received limited amounts. Rain is still needed in late season crops and on pastures. 
    ·                 Winter cereal and pea harvest is complete in most areas.  Harvest continues in spring cereals and canola. 
    ·                 To date, winter wheat yields range from 50 to 80 bu/acre, fall rye 75 to 110 bu/acre, spring wheat 50 to 95 bu/acre, barley 75 to 120 bu/acre, oats 100 to 180 bu/acre, field peas 50 to 90 bu/acre, and canola 40 to 60 bu/acre. 
    ·                 Fall field work, including tillage and baling of straw, is on-going.   
    ·                 Haying is nearing completion and pastures are drying down. 
    Southwest Region
    Most of the Southwest region received little to no rain during the last week, the exception was Brandon and the surrounding areas.
    Winter wheat and fall rye harvest is complete with average yields and good quality. Spring cereal harvest is under way. Approximately 20% of spring wheat has been harvested with 65 to 70 bu/ac yield and good quality. Harvest is 40% complete in barley with yields ranging from 80 to 90bu/ac with good quality and test weight. 30% oats have been harvested with yields ranging from 100 to 110 bu/ac.
    Canola harvest is just starting, no yield reports to date. Swathing continues. There are some reports of spraying for bertha armyworm in the Minnedosa and Sandy Lake areas. Flea beetles are emerging again but levels are very low. Sclerotinia and blackleg levels are low.
    Soybean crops are variable; regions that received good and timely moisture have a promising crop. Majority of crop is at R6 stage. Soybean aphids are no longer a concern.
    Most peas have been harvested with yields ranging from 55 to 60bu/acre. Flax is maturing with no major issues.
    Corn is at the grain filling stage. There are some reports of black birds in corn.
    Second cut alfalfa harvest continues with yields average to above average. Green feed silage continues to be harvested with average to above average yields. Dugouts are approximately 60% full.
    Northwest Region
    High daytime temperatures continued through the week.  Cooler overnight conditions have begun with nighttime temperatures dropping to lows of +2 in some parts of the region.  Roblin, Swan River, and Dauphin received precipitation this week with rainfall amounts varying from 10 to 20mm.   Most of the region remains dry with very dry soil moisture conditions in the Roblin area. Crops are generally in good condition with the exception of areas of the region suffering from extremes of moisture where crops are in fair to poor condition.
    Harvest of winter wheat and fall rye is nearing completion.  Spring wheat is ripening, with about 50% of the crop combined in the Roblin area and 10% combined in the Swan River area. Spring wheat harvest is underway in Dauphin and Ste. Rose.  Approximately 25% of canola fields around Swan River are swathed, and 75% are swathed around Roblin. Canola swathing is also well underway around Dauphin with some canola combined around Ste. Rose.  Soybeans are podding but the dry weather has slowed pod formation.  Flax is in the boll stage. Pea and lentil crops have ripened and harvest is well underway with approximately 75 to 90% of the pea harvest complete.  There are reports of pea yields ranging from 60 to 80 bu/acre in the Swan River area and spring wheat yielding 50 to 60bu/acre.  Wheat and canola yields are projected to be average.
     Warm dry conditions have allowed producers to make good progress in putting up feed. Second cut haying is wrapping up with variable yields and reports as high as 1.5 tonnes near Swan River.  Annual cereal forage harvest in underway on later seeded fields with yields ranging from below average to just above depending on moisture conditions.  Native hay harvest continues. Pea and cereal straw are being baled for feed and bedding.  Pastures are in need of rain with those that have received less rain and/or been overgrazed in poor condition.  Dugout levels are getting lower.
    Central Region
    Sunny, warm conditions continued last week. Scattered showers on Monday and Saturday amounted to less than 10 mm of rain for most of the region.    Manitou received the highest amount of rain with 18 mm reported.   Crops in areas with lighter texture ridges and/or salinity are ripening prematurely due to dry conditions.
    Harvest is complete for winter cereals; yields range from 75 to 110 bu/acre for fall rye and 50 to 80 bu/acre for winter wheat.  Quality is good and FHB is low. Test weight is good, as are falling numbers for rye.   Lower yields are due to winter injury.
    Swathing and pre-harvest applications continue in spring cereals.   In some cases, grain looks ripe, while stalks are still quite green.   Good harvest progress was made on cereal crops last week, with as much as 50% complete.  Early yield reports: hard red spring wheat 55 to 85 bu; northern hard red wheat 80 to 95 bu; barley 75 to 120 bu; oats 110 to 180 bu. Quality and test weights are very good.
    Straw is being baled and hauled off fields. Post-harvest harrowing and cultivating operations have begun where crops have been harvested.
    Canola fields are ripening rapidly. Early seed colour change is evident in the later seeded fields.   Swathing continues, as does desiccation applications for direct harvesting with majority of acres done.  Colour of the fields has changed rapidly due to sun scald; checking pods shows less seed colour change than expected.  Swathed canola is rapidly drying down.  Canola harvest has begun with yields ranging from 40 to 60 bu/acre.
    Corn is advancing rapidly.    Most corn is in the grain filling stage and ranges from late blister to dough. Earliest seeded and earliest maturing varieties are starting to dent.
    Most field peas are harvested, with above average yields ranging from 50 to 90 bu. 
    Flax fields are in full boll, and turning brown.  Straw is starting to turn.  
    Most soybeans are in the R5 and R6 stage, with the earliest maturing varieties at R7 and the start of leaf colour change. Some soybeans are reported at R7 on knolls and ridges and are drying out, not turning. Dry conditions have resulted in some upper pods not filling.    Many fields are reaching the stage where soybean aphid is less of a concern.  Some spider mites have been found, especially in drier areas, with some significant damage in a couple of fields.  Some white mould has been found in fields with dense crop canopies.  Yields are expected to be close to normal.
    There is some leaf drop in early types of edible beans due to dry conditions. Rainfall may benefit the later types with improved seed size.  White mould is being found in dense canopy areas. Some fields of pintos, kidneys and cranberries will be undercut before the end of August – this is much earlier than usual, and due to dry conditions. 
    Most sunflowers are at the late stages of flowering; with many at R6 and R7 with early ray flower drop.  Some basal stalk rot is evident.
    Some potato fields have been topped in preparation for harvest. Late blight has been found in the RM’s North Norfolk, Stanley and, Rhineland. Producers continue to apply protection measures.
    Grasshoppers are being found in fields, especially in drier areas.  Monitoring continues, and some control measures have been taken where crop injury warrants.
    Most second cut hay is complete.  Yields are below average due to dry conditions. Some fields were browning due to the lack of moisture. Wild hay harvest continues.  Overall hay quality is good due to little to no rain during harvest. 
    Some pastures are dry and turning brown while some are still in good shape.  As many as half are rated poor to very poor. Rain is needed to stimulate pasture growth and support grazing animals. Supplemental feeding is expected to start earlier than usual this year.
    Livestock water supply is adequate, but rain would benefit dugout levels.
    Eastern Region
    There was a mix of weather in the Eastern region, with temperatures ranging from above to below seasonal throughout the week. Rain fell across the region; accumulated rainfall was less than 10 mm.  Overnight temperatures on Wednesday dropped to as low as 1°C, but there were no reports of frost.  Overall, weather conditions were not conducive to harvesting.    
    Soil moisture conditions on cropland across the region were rated as 75% adequate and 25%, hay and pasture land were rated as 30% adequate, 40% short, and 30% very short.  The driest soil conditions are in the southern districts.
    Cereal harvest continued this week as weather allowed, with 30 to 40% of harvest complete.  Protein levels have been low in some HRS wheat.  Piebald was evident in some fields. Limited yield reports received so far suggest 60+ bu/acre for HRS wheat and 100+ bu/acre for oats.  Most canola acres in the region have received pre-harvest herbicide applications with the remaining being done this week.  Swathing of canola continued last week with the majority of the crop intended for swathing now cut. 
    Soybeans were in the R6 growth stage with some leaf yellowing and leaf drop occurring in early season varieties.  Plants that were infected with white mould are now becoming evident as they are sticking out of plant canopies.  Most fields with white mold have low levels of infection, but there are a limited number of fields more severely infected where yield loss is expected.  There are some reports of two-spotted spider mites in soybean, with some limited spraying occurring.   Sunflowers were in the R7 growth stage and remained in good condition.  Corn is at the blister/milk to early dough stage. Some reports of kernel abortion in the tops of the cobs in drought stressed fields.  Most of the Eastern region could benefit from a good rain to help with the corn and soybean seed filling.
    Ninety percent of producers are finished haying with the remainder doing second and third cut alfalfa and some second cut grass hay. Pasture are starting to dry up and producers are moving livestock to hay fields and some are starting to feed on pasture. Dugouts are getting low with the odd dugout going dry.
    Livestock winter-feed supplies were rated as 20% surplus and 80% adequate for hay and straw, and adequate for green feed and feed grains.  Pasture conditions was rated at 30% fair and 50% poor and 20% very poor.  The availability of livestock water was rated as adequate.
    Interlake Region
    Temperatures ranged from as low as 1°C overnight to as high as 28°C this past week. Rainfall throughout the region varied from 7 to 33 mm, with the higher amounts falling in Arborg, Fisherton, and Inwood.
    Swathing, pre-harvest herbicide applications, and harvest in spring cereals continues. Early yield reports for hard red spring wheat are 50 to 80 bu/acre, hard red northern wheat are 80 to 90 bu/acre. Oats are yielding 100 to 180 bu/acre, and barley 80 to 95 bu/acre. Bushel weight and quality have been good, but protein levels are reported to be a bit low. Post-harvest harrowing has begun in some cereal fields.
    Swathing and pre-harvest herbicide applications in canola in the south Interlake are mostly complete, with 10 to 15% combined and yielding 40+ bu/acre. In the north Interlake canola swathing and desiccation is in full swing.
    Soybeans in the south Interlake are showing some signs of moisture stress on sandier or saline soils and areas of compaction. Pre-mature yellowing and leaf drop is apparent and a rain would be most welcome to more completely fill out the pods. Most soybeans in the R6 to R7 stage. Field pea harvest is mostly complete with yields in the 65 to 80 bu/acre range.
    Sunflowers are fully flowered. Ray flowers have begun to drop, and the backs of the heads are turning yellow.
    Soil moisture conditions across the region on cropland are rated as 30% adequate and 70% short, while conditions on hay and pasture are rated as 20% adequate and 80% short.
    Haying season is tapering off. Due to high lake levels some native hayfields will not be harvested, however due to lower rainfall this season more acres of native hay are being harvested than the previous 3 years. Pastures are rated as fair to good and could use a good rain in areas. Dugouts are 30 to 50% full.