Crop Report: Issue 19, September 5, 2017


Weekly Provincial Summary 

  • Harvest continues across the province with good progress being made in cereal crops and canola.
  • Flax, soybeans, and edible beans are starting to be harvested. 
  • Yield reports to date: barley 75-120 bu/acre, oat 90-190 bu/acre, spring wheat 55-100 bu/acre, field pea 50-90 bu/acre, canola 40-65 bu/acre, flax 35-45 bu/acre, pinto bean 1800-2000 lb/acre, cranberry bean 2000 lb/acre.
  • Fall field work, including tillage, baling of straw, soil testing, and ditching is on-going.
  • Dry conditions continue for much of the province.  
    Southwest Region
    Most of the region received light rain showers this week.  Higher amounts were reported in Shoal Lake, which received 20 mm of rain, and Russel received 10 mm.

Spring cereal harvest is approximately 50 to 60% complete with mostly spring wheat remaining. Barley yields are above average at 80 to 100 bu/acre, oat is yielding 90 to 120 bu/acre, and spring wheat is 60 to 80 bu/acre.  Quality and test weights are good; protein levels in wheat are low due to the high yields. Field pea harvest is complete and most yields are 55 to 60 bu/acre.

Most early seeded canola fields are swathed, and late seeded fields are starting to be swathed. Approximately 20 to 25% of canola harvest is complete with 40+ bu/acre yields reported.
Flax fields continue to dry down with little evidence of any significant disease.

Soybeans are now in the R6 to R6.5 stage. Dry and hot weather is speeding up maturity. Sunflowers are in the R6-R7 stage. Corn is R4-R5 stage.

Pastures are drying up and producers will be looking to put cows out on fall pastures or harvested crop land shortly. Second cut of hay is mostly complete and yields look to be average. Several producers cutting slough hay and yields are above average. Dugouts are about 50% full.


Northwest Region
Rainfall amounts varied through the region with upwards of 40 mm in the Grandview and Fork River areas, 25 mm in The Pas, 7 to 15 mm in the Swan River Valley, and close to 40 mm south of Roblin. Some high winds were experienced this week in parts of the region. Crops are generally in good to excellent condition with the exception of areas of the region suffering from extremes of moisture where crops are in fair to poor condition.

Winter wheat and fall rye harvest is complete. Spring wheat harvest in the Northwest Region is proceeding, with about 90% of the crop combined in the Roblin area and 60% around Swan River, with harvest operations in the Dauphin and Ste. Rose areas well underway. Spring wheat is yielding 75 to 80 bu/acre in the Roblin area and 60 to 90 bu/acre around Swan River.

Approximately 40% of canola fields are swathed around Swan River, and 50% combined around Roblin.  In the Dauphin and Ste. Rose areas 50 to 70% of the canola crop is combined. In the Roblin area canola yields are 50 to 60 bu/acre.

Approximately 20 to 50% of the soybeans are in R7 stage. Lentil harvest is well underway and peas are generally complete. Pea yields range from 60 to 70 bu/acre in the Roblin and Swan River areas.  Flax is in the boll stage.

Feed is still being put up in the region including greenfeed, second cut hay, wild hay, and straw.  Dry conditions have allowed producers to cut native hay in areas that have not be accessible in recent years, and has permitted an earlier harvest therefore resulting in better quality. Pastures are starting to show the effects of lower moisture levels and the nearing end of the growing season. Low water levels have producers monitoring their livestock water sources. 
Central Region
Sunny, warm conditions continued last week. Scattered showers amounted to trace accumulations for most, and short harvest delays. Highest amount of rain received during the week was the Gladstone area with 13 mm reported. High winds Monday blew some canola swaths around, causing some shelling damage. Crops in areas with lighter textured soils and salinity are ripening prematurely due to lack of rain.

Harvest is complete for winter cereals; yields are reported as 75 to 110 bu/acre for fall rye and 50 to 80 bu/acre for winter wheat.

Spring cereal harvest is 65 to 100% complete. Hard red spring wheat is yielding 55 to 95 bu/acre; northern hard red wheat 80 to 100 bu/acre; barley 75 to 120 bu/acre; oats 110 to 180 bu/acre. Quality and test weight is generally reported as very good. Protein in wheat is average to below average; a function of the high yields.

Straw is being baled and hauled off fields; yields are above average. Post harvest tillage operations have begun, but in many cases are limited due to dry topsoil. Scraping for drain maintenance is underway.
The majority of swathing and pre harvest applications in canola are complete and 60 to 90% of canola has been combined.  Canola yields range from 40 to 60 bu/acre.

Flax harvest has begun; no yield reports to date.

Corn is advancing rapidly with warmer weather conditions. Most fields are in the dough to dent stage.
Field pea harvest is complete, with above average yields ranging from 50 to 90 bu/acre.

Significant amounts of leaf colour change and leaf drop have occurred in early maturing soybean varieties. Brown pod has been reached in the earliest fields; a few early fields have been harvested. Dry conditions have resulted in some upper pods not filling. Some white mould reported in fields with dense crop canopies.

Edible bean harvest has started. Early yield reports in the first few fields are 1800 to 2000 lbs pintos, and cranberries 2000+ lbs.

Most sunflowers are at R7 with early ray flower drop, and the backs of heads are yellow. Some basal stalk rot is evident.

Harvest preparation in potatoes continues.

Grasshoppers are being found in fields, especially in drier areas. Monitoring continues.

Second cut hay is complete. Yields are below average due to dry conditions. Wild hay harvest continues. Overall hay quality is good due to dry conditions at harvest.

Pastures are dry and turning brown; while some are still in decent shape, many are rated poor to very poor. Rain is needed to stimulate pasture growth and support grazing animals.
Livestock water supply is adequate, but rain is needed to refill dugouts.


Eastern Region
Sunny and seasonal to warm temperatures were experienced for most of last week. There was scattered rainfall throughout the region on Friday and over the weekend. Rainfall accumulations ranged from 1 to 20 mm. Districts northeast of Beausejour experienced the highest rainfall levels and harvesting has still not resumed. Hail events occurred in isolated areas on Friday and Sunday but no reports of crop damage have been received.

Average soil moisture conditions on cropland across the region were rated as 75% adequate and 25% short, hay and pasture land were rated as 30% adequate, 40% short, and 30% very short.  The driest soil conditions are in the southern districts.

Spring wheat harvest is approximately 70% complete and yields are averaging 65 bu/acre. Protein ranges from 11 to 13%.  Oat yields have been reported in the 150 bu/acre range. Approximately 50% of the canola crop is harvested with 55 bu/acre yields.

Soybeans were in the late R6 growth stage with leaf and pod yellowing and leaf drop occurring, particularly in earlier season varieties. Some fields have reached the R7 growth stage. Sunflowers were in the R8 growth stage and remained in overall good condition. Corn is in the dent stage. Some fields, especially in more southern regions, are still experiencing drought stress. Most of the Eastern region could still benefit from a good rain to help with corn and soybean seed filling. Tillage and fall fertilizer applications are ongoing.

Livestock producers are starting to feed cows on pasture or are moving cattle to hay fields.   Most producers are done making hay with most having a surplus of hay. Dugouts are low, down to about 25% of full. Livestock winter feed supplies were rated as 20% surplus and 80% adequate for hay and straw and adequate for greenfeed and feed grains. Pasture conditions was rated at 30% fair, 50% poor, and 20% very poor. The availability of livestock water was rated as adequate.


Interlake Region
Temperatures varied from 3 to 33ºC this past week hastening crop maturity. Rainfall throughout the region varied from 2 to 15 mm stalling harvest only temporarily.

Spring cereal harvest continues. Yields and quality are very good to excellent with spring wheat yields as high as 90 bu/acre with protein often over 14%. Oat yields are also excellent ranging from 110 to 190 bu/acre.

The majority of the canola is either swathed or dessicated in the south Interlake, and combining is approximately 1/3 done. Yields are 40 to 65 bu/acre. In the north Interlake canola swathing and dessication is ongoing, with a few fields combined and 35 to 50 bu/acre yields.

Leaf colour change and leaf drop are noticeable in many soybean fields, and change is rapid with dry conditions. Top pods are not filling well.

Harvest has started in flax, and yields range from 35 to 45 bu/acre in the north Interlake. Timothy seed yields range from 250 to 300 lbs/acre, and crested wheatgrass 275 to 350 lb/acre.

Post harvest tillage has begun.  In dry areas clay soils are working up lumpy, so tillage is being delayed. Soil moisture conditions across the region on cropland are rated as 25% adequate and 75% short, while conditions on hay and pasture are rated as 15% adequate and 85% short.

Well managed pastures are showing their resilience, while continuous hard grazed pastures are going dormant in some areas. Most haying is complete with a bit continuing in lowland native hay land areas.
Pastures are rated as fair to good and could use a good rain in areas. Dugouts are 25 to 40% full.