Crop Report: Issue 22, September 25, 2017


Weekly Provincial Summary 

·                 Cool, wet weather occurred throughout the province, stalling harvest progress.

·                 When conditions allow, harvest will continue for spring cereals, canola, flax, edible beans, soybeans, potatoes, and silage corn. Harvest of cereals and canola is nearing completion.

·                 Fall field work, including tillage, baling of straw, and soil testing, is on-going.


Southwest Region
Cool and wet weather conditions did not allow for much harvest progress during the last week. Rainfall amounts ranged from 13 to 75 mm. Dry windy weather will be needed for harvest to resume.
Spring cereal harvest is 95 to 100% complete. Yield and quality of cereal crops are very good to excellent.
Canola harvest is 60 to 70% complete. Most canola left to harvest will be straight cut, and producers have been waiting for plants to dry down. Canola yields are reported to be average to above average with good quality.
Soybeans are in the R7 to R8 stage of development and most early varieties are mature.
Sunflowers are in the late R8 to early R9 stage and are very close to being ready to desiccate.
Corn silage has begun and yields look to be average to above average.
Rain has helped to extend some pastures; however, cattle are being moved to fall grazing and some producers have started to wean calves with the harvest break. Dugouts are about 60% full.
Northwest Region
Temperatures were cooler this week and rainfall events, sometimes heavy, were common throughout the region mid-week resulting in harvest delays. Roblin received 10 mm of precipitation, Swan River 10 to 20 mm, Dauphin area 25 to 75 mm, and The Pas 65 mm. There have been hard frosts in the northern part of the region.
Spring wheat harvest is nearly complete with 90 to 100% of the crop harvested throughout the region. Spring wheat yields of 75 to 80 bu/acre around Roblin, and 60 to 90bu/acre around Swan River have been reported. Harvest of barley and oats is generally complete with reports of oats yielding 150 bu/acre and barley yielding 100 bu/acre in the Roblin area.
Until rainfall mid-week, the canola harvest had been progressing steadily throughout the region; some operations were able to resume by the weekend. Approximately 65% of canola fields have been combined around Swan River, and 95% around Roblin. Yields range from 50 to 60 bu/acre. Canola harvest in the Dauphin, McCreary and Ste. Rose areas is nearing completion.
Soybeans and fababeans are nearing maturity. Harvest of soybeans, fababeans, and flax is just starting. Fall fieldwork was limited this week due to wet conditions. Volunteers and weeds are actively growing.
Corn silage harvest is underway. Annual forages affected by earlier frost in the northern part of the region are being tested for nitrates. Pastures are recovering due to recent rains although sites on lighter land are requiring supplementation. Some producers have begun to move cattle off summer pastures.
Central Region
Cool, wet temperatures across the region for the majority of the week have brought harvest and fall fieldwork to a standstill. Rainfall amounted to 30 to 40 mm for much of the region, with the Portage area reporting 55 mm, Elm Creek 82 mm, and Baldur 114 mm. Hail was reported in a number of areas with Friday’s thunderstorms, including Bruxelles, Notre Dame, St. Claude, Somerset, and a scattering further east. The rains will improve soil conditions for fall tillage and fertilizer applications.
Cool season crop yield and quality are very good this year; harvest of those crops is mostly complete. Spring cereal yields are reported as: hard red spring wheat 55 to 100 bu; northern hard red wheat 80 to 110 bu; barley 75 to 120 bu; oats 110 to 180 bu.
In Western areas 95% of canola is harvested, 100% is harvested in eastern areas. Some standing canola has lodged with the heavy rains. Yield reports to date are in the 40 to 65 bu/acre range. Harvested seed moisture levels have been lower than normal due to dry harvest conditions.
Flax harvest is underway; yield reports range from 27 to 40 bu/acre to date.
Soybean harvest continues, ranging from 40 to 50% complete across the region. Early yield reports are in the 17 to 45 bu/acre range; average yield is expected to be in the 30 to 35 bu range.
Edible bean harvest is estimated to be 65% complete. Yields are average to slightly above average. Early yield reports are 1800 to 2000 lbs for pintos, and 2000+ lbs for cranberries.
Corn silage harvest has begun. Grain corn was ripening prematurely due to dry conditions; harvest is likely two weeks away.
The most advanced sunflower fields are being assessed for desiccation timing. High numbers of blackbirds are reported in some corn and sunflower fields.
Potato harvest is ongoing. Producers with tiled fields expect to be back in the fields shortly.
Post-harvest field work and fertilization has begun, but in many cases had been limited due to dry topsoil. Soil sampling continues.
Straw is being baled and stacked/hauled off fields; yields are above average.
Second cut hay is complete. Yields are below average due to dry conditions. Wild hay harvest continues. Pastures on lighter soils and overstocked fields were browning off with little regrowth.
Livestock water supply has continued to decline - 90% reported as adequate. Dugouts are low on many pastures, as the water table has dropped.
Eastern Region
Last weeks’ weather was not conducive to harvesting and other field operations. Rainfall events occurred throughout the week, with total rainfall accumulations ranging from 35 to 90 mm. Hail events occurred on Friday in the R.M.’s of St. Andrews and Springfield. Daytime temperatures were below normal and not conducive to drying.
Average soil moisture conditions on cropland across the region were rated as 50% surplus 50% adequate in most of the region depending on rainfall amounts. Soil moisture conditions on hay and pasture land were rated at 60% adequate, 20% short and 20% very short with the driest soil conditions occurring in southern districts.
Spring wheat harvest is nearly complete and yield averages are in the 65 bu/acre range. Wheat protein averages 11 to 13%. Oat yields have been reported in the 150 bu/ac range.
Canola harvest is ongoing with approx. 95% of the crop harvested. Yields range from 45 to 55 bu/acre. Winter wheat seeding is complete, with acres are down an estimated 30% from last year.
Limited soybean harvesting did occur in some areas with producers being selective about which fields and which areas of field harvested based on seed moisture content and presence of green seed. Soybeans are currently in the R8/dry down growth stage. Yields range from 20 to 36 bu/acre. Sunflowers are in the R8 growth stage and remain in good condition. Corn is in the R6 stage.
Some pastures and hay fields that received hog manure earlier in the season started to regrow. Corn silage has started; cobs are reported to be on the small size. Livestock winter feed supplies were rated as 20% surplus and 80% adequate for hay and straw, and adequate for greenfeed and feed grains. Pasture conditions was rated at 30% fair and 50% poor and 20% very poor. The availability of livestock water was rated as adequate.
Interlake Region
Intermittent rains and cool, wet conditions continue to stall harvest. Rainfall amounts ranged from 33 to 53 mm. There were non-killing (-1°C) frosts reported in Moosehorn and Narcisse.
Canola harvest in the south Interlake is complete with excellent yields. In the north Interlake canola harvest is 80% complete, with yields ranging from 30 to 50 bu/acre.
Soybean harvest is approximately 50% complete in the south Interlake, with average yields in the 30 to 35 bu/acre range. Soybean harvest in the north Interlake is only 2 to 5% complete; however, yields look more promising.
Sunflowers are being dessicated in the south Interlake. Grain corn is in the black layer stage, indicating close to 100% maturity.
Dessication of alfalfa seed fields is ongoing; but few crops have been harvested
Approximately 30% of land in the south Interlake has had some fall tillage. Some fertilizer is going on hay fields.
Soil moisture conditions across the region on cropland, hay, and pasture are rated as 100% adequate.
Soil testing has begun. Recharge rains are being welcomed to replenish soil moisture.
Grass growth has slowed with cooler temperatures and shortening day length, and cattle are being moved off summer pastures or supplemental feeding is occurring. Most haying is complete.
Pastures are rated good to excellent. Dugouts are 10 to 50% full and water quality varies from poor to good.