Crop Report: Issue 2, May 14, 2018

 
 
Weekly Provincial Summary
  •  Provincially, seeding in Manitoba estimated to be 55% complete.  Cereals, peas, and some early seeded canola are starting to emerge.   
  • No significant precipitation was received; in the majority of the province soils are dry and precipitation is needed to aid in crop germination and emergence. 
  • Temperatures below 0°C reported throughout the province. Minimal crop injury reported due to little crop emergence. 
  • Regrowth of winter cereals, pasture, and hayfields continues to be slow due to dry topsoil conditions. 
                 
Table 1: Seeding Progression in 2018 Compared to Other Years
Seeding Date
This Year 
Last Year
5 year average
Week/Month
2018
2017
2013-2017
<5
1%
2%
7%
1:05
26%
30%
27%
2:05
55%
59%
51%
3:05
-
80%
72%
4:05
-
95%
88%
1:06
-
99%
96%
2:06
-
100%
99%
3:06
-
100%
100%
4:06
-
100%
100%
>6
 -
100%
100%
Source: 2018 seeding progression from Regional Crop Reporters,
             2017 and 5 year average seeding progression from MASC Seeded Acreage Reports.
        
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Southwest Region
No significant precipitation reported in the Southwest Region.  Dry conditions continue; however, most areas are seeding into good soil moisture.  Normal to above normal temperatures during the day and colder nights with some frost.   Top soil moisture is declining daily and needs some recharge with rainfall. Soil temperature are fluctuating, averaging 7 to 8°C.
 
Dry conditions have allowed for good seeding progress.  Overall seeding is approximately 30-35% complete in the Southwest region.
South of Highway 1, seeding of cereal crops is about 60% complete, peas 90% complete with some emerging, canola 25% and corn 40%. Soybean planting has just started with less than 5% completed. Very few flax or sunflower fields have been seeded to date. 
 
North of Highway 1, seeding of cereal crops about 40% complete with some early emergence, peas 90% complete with some emerging, canola 10%, corn less than 5%. Very few soybeans have been seeded at this time.
 
Seeding of potatoes continues, with approximately 90% of acres completed.  Winter wheat and fall rye have improved, however some fields still struggling due to hard winter and dry spring conditions.
Weeds are growing and producers have started spraying. Diamond back moth traps are up and numbers are very low.  
 
Pastures are starting to green up. Some producers have started to move cattle to pasture. Many sloughs and streams have  adequate water levels, but will quickly drop if precipitation is not received. Grasses are at about the 2 leaf stage.
 
Northwest Region
Seeding progressed at a good pace, where conditions allowed.  Soil moisture is variable throughout the region.  Roblin and Dauphin area soil conditions are dry to very dry; Swan River is also concerned about dry conditions while at The Pas, conditions are adequate.  The soil is warming up rapidly.  Daytime temperatures are warming however overnight temperatures continued to dip down below zero with temperatures as low as -5°C in many parts of the region. 
 
There was continued progress on field operations and spring seeding over the week, including harrowing, fertilizer applications, pre-seed herbicide applications, seeding of wheat, silage corn, peas and some canola. The exception is The Pas area where field operations are waiting for additional drying.  Overall, seeding progress is estimated at 50% complete.
 
Approximately 50% of the spring wheat crop is seeded in the Swan River area with closer to 100% of the spring wheat in Roblin seeded.  Seeding of peas is nearing completion around Roblin and 80% in the Swan River area.  Canola seeding is also well underway and estimated at 25-30% with a good start to soybean seeding.  Cool overnight temperatures have resulted in some producers delaying seeding soybeans and canola until the danger of frost is past.
 
Volunteers, including cereals and canola, are evident in many fields. Weed growth including stinkweed, dandelions, hemp nettle, thistle, quackgrass and wild oats is general throughout the area.
Forage growth remains slow, being inhibited by lack of moisture and heat.  Frost damage to alfalfa fields will depend on fertility and last fall’s management of the stand.  The dry conditions are fueling grassland fires that continue to damage infrastructure on pastures.  Seeding of corn silage fields is underway.
 
Central Region
Widely varying temperatures during the week, with near record high daytime temperatures above 30°C and overnight lows below zero.  No meaningful precipitation reported in the region this week. Drying winds continued to dry down topsoil. Strong winds resulted in blowing soil in areas with lighter soil types and reduced cover. Tillage operations have been minimal to preserve moisture. Seeding continues, with significant progress made across the region.
 
Seeding progress in the Central Region ranges from 70-80% complete, with progress most advanced in eastern and southern parts of the region.  A number of producers have wrapped up seeding operations, with more expected to finish this week.   
 
The majority of cereals are seeded with wheat, oats, and barley 85 to 95% complete, and corn 75 to 90% complete. Many cereal crops have  emerged with one to two leaves present on the most advanced fields.  Emergence of cereals is generally good but somewhat variable in areas with dry seedbed conditions.
Canola seeding progress ranges  from 50 to 90% complete.  The majority of pea acres have been seeded with some emerging.  Sunflowers, flax and soybeans are 40 to 60% seeded.  Soybean fields are starting to be rolled.   
Potato planting continues with 80 to 90% completed. Edible bean planting has begun, with the majority of acres expected to go in following the long weekend.
 
Winter damage is a concern in some winter wheat and perennial ryegrass fields. Hybrid fall rye has survived better and is recovering well.  Regrowth is slow due to dry field conditions.
 
Lower than normal levels of winter annual and annual weeds have been noted given the dry field conditions.  Pre-emergent herbicide applications have been limited due to reduced weed growth and windy conditions. 
 
Fertilizer applications have been made in alfalfa/hay fields with good field access.
Pasture conditions are rated as fair for the most part. Forage growth is slow due to poor soil moisture conditions.  Pasture growth isn’t sufficient to support cattle grazing at this point.  Livestock water supply is adequate at this time but water levels are reduced and would benefit from significant precipitation to replenish supply.
 
Eastern Region
No significant precipitation noted across the region last week.  Daytime soil temperatures are averaging 13 C at seeding depth.  Soil moisture conditions on cropland across the region rated as adequate to short.  Soil moisture conditions on the majority of hay and pasture land were rated as good to fair.
 
Seeding progress in the Eastern region is estimated to be 70% complete, and is expected to wrap up in the next week.   Rain is needed and soil moisture at proper seeding depths is becoming harder to find.  Earlier seeded cereals are emerging rapidly and evenly.  Some very early seeded canola has emerged and received frost damage last week.    
 
Approximately 50 to 75% of winter wheat acres have winter damage and are being reseeded.  Some stands continue to be assessed for damage. 
95% of spring cereals and corn are seeded, 60% of canola acres, 100%.  sunflowers soybeans estimated to be 50% complete.   
 
Most hay crops fertilized. There is very little grass growing in pastures and hay fields, it will take 2 to 3 weeks for pastures to be ready for grazing. Livestock are starting to be moved to pasture where they are being fed. Dugouts are 75% full and going down quickly.
 
Interlake Region
Most weather stations in the Interlake Region reported highs in the 30s, and overnight lows below 0°C.    Dry conditions prevail with no significant precipitation in the past week.  Soils are gradually warming up and seeding has progressed rapidly.    Strong winds continue to deposit soil in ditches, and are drying out soils, particularly fields worked prior to seeding. Seeding is progressing quickly; and conditions reported as excellent. 
 
The majority of the crop is seeded in the south Interlake, with most finishing up in the next day or two. Central areas report 80% complete, while the northwest ranges from just starting to 30% complete, up to 50-60% complete in the Arborg area.
 
Cereals and peas are emerging, as are a few canola fields.    Majority of corn acres planted and rapid progress is being made with canola and soybeans.  Some later seeded crops will be sitting in dry soil, as planting to moisture will be too deep.
 
Good survival has been reported in several winter wheat and fall rye fields.  There are some reports of winter wheat acres being reseeded to spring crops, due to winter injury. 
 
Weed growth has been slow due to dry soil conditions, but more perennial weeds are showing up, along with a few annual broad leafs and wild oats.  Minimal amounts of pre-seed herbicides have been applied due to lack of weed growth and dusty conditions.  Some soil-applied products have been applied prior to peas, flax and sunflowers.
Some post seeding fertilizer applications are being delayed, waiting for rain.
 
Hay and pastures are slow to come out of dormancy with the cool, dry conditions; grasses are initiating growth, while legumes are slower.  First cut hay will be later than normal.
 
Supplemental feeding of cattle continues due to lack of pasture growth.  Drier conditions have enabled fence line maintenance into low-lying areas.  Dugout water levels are reported as less than half to two-thirds full.