Crop Report: Issue 9, July 3, 2018

Weekly Provincial Summary
  • Warm Conditions and Rainfall over the past week welcomed and has advanced crop development.
  • Herbicide applications are mostly complete.
  • Fungicide applications occurring where disease risk high, crop stage correct and stands looking good.
  • First cut of hay/alfalfa compete or underway with lower than average yields
  • Pastures and hay/alfalfa have good regrowth where rainfall occurring, dugout levels sufficient

Southwest Region
Normal to above normal temperature with scattered rainfall and thundershowers. Some reports of hail around Waskada and Elva area. Most areas in the region had needed rainfall, but specific areas like Rivers, Miniota, McAuley and St. Lazare are still needing more rain.
Winter wheat and fall Rye are in grain fill stage, with most of fungicide applications complete.
50-55% spring cereals at heading stage. Recent rains hae increased potential for fusarium and fungicide application being considered. Later seeded cereals are in boot stage.
Canola staging ranges from rosette/bolting to flowering. Most herbicide applications complete, fungicides being considered for sclerotinia control where canola flowering.  
Early seeded Soybeans are at R1 stage and most soybeans north of Highway #1 at fourth  trifoliate stage. There are no reports of any major disease issues in Soybean .  IDC symptom reports also rare.  Herbicide applications complete.
Sunflowers are in the R1 or bud  stage.  Corn in the V7 stage. Both crops more advanced than normal due to warm weather.  Peas are in full flower and continue to gain height.
First cut of hay/alfalfa underway.  Recent precipitation will slow down the haying process.  Reports of average quality and average yields.   Alfalfa is in flower. 
Pastures have good growth and will improve with recent rainfall.  Dugouts are sustaining in volume with the recent rainfall at 80% capacity.
Northwest Region
Warm temperatures in the past week helped advance the crops quickly.  A few days of low 20s will help canola that was starting to show signs of heat stress.  General rainfall throughout the region over the long weekend. Rorketon finally receiving some much needed rain however in need of more. Some localized hail reported in northern part of Swan Valley region
60% of the Canola flowering and some pod development in the Swan Valley region.  25% of the Spring Wheat is starting to head out/flower with the larger portion in the stem elongation stage; soybeans for the most part are in the vegetative stage with a small portion in Ste. Rose area at R1. Lentils in the Swan Valley region are flowering; peas also flowering with some fields starting to develop pods.
In The Pas region, spring wheat is heading into stem elongation, canola growth is variable with earlier seeded crops starting to bolt and the remainder in rosette stage; some crop loss in The Pas area due to water ponding in low areas.
Herbicide applications continue in later seeded crops.  Fungicide applications occurring in most of region where Fusarium Head Blight risk rated high to extreme.  Fungicide applications are also occurring on other crops as they reach appropriate stage.  
Haying progress has been very slow with the frequent rainfall.  Pastures are in good condition benefitting from this additional moisture. Dugouts are 75-100% full. 

Central Region
Warm temperatures prevailed during the week with rain showers that came on Thursday, Friday and Sunday. Rainfall welcome especially in areas that missed some of the earlier rains. An exception is near Altona, where pockets of dryness remain.
Growing conditions are generally good with favourable temperatures and moisture. Herbicide applications mostly done for the season, except for late or re-seeded fields.
Wheat, oats, barley are in the heading to flowering stage and growing rapidly. Some symptoms of bacterial blight on oats reported in the Red River Valley. Fungicides application being made to flowering wheat for Fusarium Head Blight.
Corn in V8 to V11 stage, chest high in some places and growing well with the favourable conditions.
Most canola is flowering, with the exception of some reseeded fields that are less advanced. Fungicides applications occurring to protect against sclerotinia.
Flax is flowering and growing well. Sunflowers are in the late vegetative to early reproductive stages (R1). Field peas are flowering and developing well.
Soybean fields are in the fourth trifoliate to early full bloom (R2). Some fields are showing symptoms of Iron Deficiency Chlorosis. Edible bean fields are showing good growth while symptoms bacterial blight to hail damaged fields were found.
Potato fields are growing well and starting to flower. Irrigation is occurring where moisture conditions warrant. Fungicide applications are starting to protect against blight.
Pasture conditions rated as fair, but range from poor to good depending on the moisture conditions. First cut of alfalfa underway. Hay yields below normal due to dry conditions at start of the season. Recent rains are helping forage re-growth. Livestock water supply is adequate at this time.

Eastern Region
Rainfall amounts across region this past week. Overall soil moisture in the region rated as adequate. In most areas, rain was welcome, but pockets in northern areas of the region rainfall has reduced field access.  
Winter wheat is at the late flowering stage.  Spring cereals are flowering. Canola is in full flowering. Soybeans are flowering in the R1 stage.  Sunflowers are V5 to V7.  Corn is in the V8-9 stage.
Herbicide spraying is mostly completed. Fungicide application on-going to almost complete for Fusarium Head Blight control in spring wheat and sclerotinia control in canola.
Uneven staging in wheat fields are causing concern on timing and applications for Fusarium Head Blight management.
Some iron deficiency chlorosis showing up in soybeans, but less severe than last year.  All crops are growing rapidly in this weather.  Overall crop condition ranges from good to excellent except for those fields/areas where excess moisture is becoming a problem.     
Hay and pasture moisture conditions were rated at 60% adequate, 20% Short and 20% Very Short.  Hay condition is rated as rated at 60% Good, 20% Fair and 20% Poor. Pasture condition is rated as rated at 50% Good, 30% Fair and 20% Poor.  Pastures are in fair shape as producers rotating between paddocks. Beef producers are cutting hay with below average yields. Dugouts are rated at 50% full.
Interlake Region
Rainfall amounts continue to be quite variable, with showers and thundershowers through the week.  Some areas continue to miss significant amounts, while isolated areas in the southern Interlake are experiencing high rainfall amounts.  Stonewall area had the highest amount of rain, with some hail. Headed wheat pushed down by strong winds has already recovered.   Areas including Moosehorn, Poplarfield, Fisher Branch and Gimli and those nearby continue to be dry. Most areas continue to look for timely rains, to sustain crops and replenish soil moisture.  
Crops have advanced noticeably in the last week in most areas, particularly those receiving much needed moisture.  Many crops are shorter than norma, a result of extended dry periods. In the driest areas, the ground is still visible in wheat fields and tillering has been minimal.  Cereals have rapidly progressed through head emergence and flowering; fungicide applications continue and most will wrap up by the end of the week.  Drier areas/short crops/thinner stands will not receive fungicide treatment. Timing has been difficult in many fields due to staginess of the crops.
Most canola is in full bloom, later seeded fields are in bolting to early flower. Fungicide applications being made where the stand warrants. Stagey fields have been a challenge. 
Most soybeans are at fourth trifoliate stage and flowering is evident in most fields. Iron deficiency chlorosis noticeable in some fields, but at lower levels than last year.   Pea fields are flowering; pods have started to form.  Flax is starting to bloom. Sunflowers at R1-R2. Corn is as advanced as V10.  Some grass seed fields affected by dry conditions have had limited seed set, and will be cut for hay.
Leafcutter bees continue to be released in seed alfalfa fields.
The last of the second pass herbicide on soybeans will wrap up shortly.
Insecticide applications have been made to control alfalfa weevil larvae where economic, and where the combination of weevil, lygus and plant bugs are at damaging levels.  A few headlands have been sprayed for grasshoppers.
Haying continues. Hay fields with multiple legume species (i.e. clovers, trefoil, and vetches in addition to alfalfa) are yielding better than pure alfalfa or alfalfa/grass stands, due to less alfalfa weevil damage.  Newer hay stands and well-fertilized fields are yielding near normal; older neglected stands are at less than 1.0 ton/acre. 
Some late seeding of millet and/or oats for greenfeed still occurring, to supplement poor hay yields. Fields are generally yielding one third to half of normal.
There is adequate drinking water for livestock although some dugouts only 25% full.
Scattered rains have perked up the pastures and hay fields; more rain would be welcome.
Silage corn growing quickly with recent heat and rain; ranging from 30-90 cm tall.