Crop Report: Issue 17, August 27, 2018

Weekly Provincial Summary
·                 Favourable weather continued to advanced harvest.  See weekly Crop Weather Report.  
·                 Low humidity and limited rain causing premature ripening, limited pasture regrowth and very dry seed
·                 Spring cereal, canola, dry bean and early soybean varieties harvested. Potato top-killing has occurred.
·                 Spring cereal yields have been better than expected with high protein and good quality
·                 Dugout levels very low in most of the province, livestock being moved to water or water being brought in
·                 Baling of pastures, hayland, ditches, sloughs, greenfeed and harvested cereal straw continues. Manitoba Hay Listings and Pastures for Rent or Wanted listings available. 

Southwest Region
Another week of dry weather continued harvest progress.  Rainfall on Sunday brought some relief from dry conditions, but ground remains very dry and hard.  Some areas in the southeast side of region reported hail.
Winter wheat and fall rye harvest is complete with average yields reported for both crops.
Pea harvest is complete with reported average yields of 55 to 60 bu/ac and good quality. 
Cereal crops harvest continues with spring wheat 55% complete, yields from 50 to 65 bu/ac with protein levels in the 11.5 to 13.5%.  Barley harvest 65% complete, yield range of 80 to 90 bu/ac.  Oat harvest 80% complete, yield range of 90 to 100 bu/ac. 
Canola harvest 35% complete, yields of 40 bu/ac.  Of the remaining crop, 70% of swathed canola down and and straight cut canola is being sprayed.
Flax is turning, but no harvesting has occurred yet.
Soybeans fields are suffering from lack of rainfall with several fields ripening prematurely.  Most fields are in the R7 stage with some in the R6 stage.
Corn is R4 stage with early seeded corn in the R5 stage.  Some silage of early seeded corn has begun.
Sunflowers are in the R5 stage.
Some areas reporting increased grasshopper activity and some areas reporting a large number of flea beetles. No major disease issues reported.
As dry conditions continue, several producers have started to feed on pastures.  In most cases this is a month earlier than normal.  Second cut hay completed in most areas, where regrowth occurred.  Producers cutting and baling sloughs and ditches to pick up extra feed.  Several producers baling straw from the cereal harvest to extend winter feeding. 
Dugouts are 40% full and some producers are looking at options for filling dugouts for winter water supplies.
Northwest Region
Good harvest progress over the last week. Daytime temperatures warm, however overnight temperatures dipped down to single digits over the weekend. Some frost reports in Grandview and San Clara on August 26th morning. Extent of damage unknown, but producers encouraged to test feed for nitrates.  Some rainfall occurred in most of the region with amounts varying.
Pre-harvest treatment on spring wheat continued in many parts of the region.  Spring wheat harvest 30% complete and ongoing as conditions and appropriate staging is reached.  
Pea harvest 98% complete, yields of 50 to 70 bu/ac.  The lentil crop mostly harvested. 
Desiccation and swathing of canola continues as the crop reaches the appropriate stage.  
Soybeans are mostly at the R5 to R7 stages and advancing nicely; flax is approximately 70% ripe. 
Cereal silage harvest continues with average to above average yields in most of the Northwest.
Hail damaged crops and cereal straw being baled for livestock feed and bedding. Perennial forage and pasture production continue to decline with successive days of wind and heat. Supplementary feeding has begun in the areas of Rorketon and Eddystone where they are very dry.
Dugouts around Ste. Rose and Dauphin 40 to 50% full overall, but are low in many areas and should be regularly checked for adequacy and quality. Pasture conditions rated fair to good for the Roblin and Swan River areas and dugout levels 75 to 90% full. 
Central Region
Sunny, smoky/hazy days with warm and dry conditions continue to provide advance harvest progress.
Rain on Sunday with the highest amounts received on the Western side of escarpment. Pea to marble size hail accompanied rain in the Crystal City to La Riviere area as well as in the Altona, area causing light to moderate damage to crops remaining in the field. Strong winds reported in the Altona area blew canola swaths around.
Winter cereal harvest is complete.  Winter wheat yields 30 to 80 bu/ac and 40 to 90 bu/ac for hybrid rye with good quality.
Spring wheat harvest mostly complete, yield of 40 to 90 bu/ac, with good grade, protein levels and low fusarium damaged kernel counts. Oats harvest mostly complete, yields of 70 to 150 bu/ac, depending on seasonal rainfall. Barley harvest complete, yields of  80 to 100 bu/ac with good bushel weight and low fusarium levels. Harrowing of harvested cereal straw is occurring.
Field peas harvest complete. Yields varied, depending on the seasonal precipitation from 30 to 80 bu/ac and good quality reported.
Many canola fields harvested, early yields reported as 35 to 55 bu/ac. Some growers were stopping harvesting in the warmest and driest part of the day, as canola too dry with moisture seed content as low as 5% and seed damage occurring.
Flax bolls ripening with as much as 100% of brown bolls reported. Flax being swathed or desiccated to drydown stems for combining ease.  
Sunflowers are maturing and most at R7 to R8 staging. Corn is suffering from the lack of moisture in the grain filling stage with many fields are in the dough stage and some already looking ripe.
Soybeans are in the beginning maturity (R7) stages and prematurely turning. Early fields reported harvested in Altona area with yields reported as 30 to 32 bu/ac.
Edible bean fields matured rapidly with harvesting occurring. Early reports for yield are 1500 to 2000 lb/ac Pinto beans, 1500 to 1800 lb/ac Cranberry beans.
Irrigation continues on potato fields as precipitation has been lacking. Some potato fields have been desiccated to terminate top growth ahead of harvest. 
Pasture conditions are poor and continue to deteriorate from the lack of precipitation. Some producers have been supplementing hay in pastures. Hay yields are well below normal due to the drier conditions, with roadside ditches, dried sloughs have being cut and harvested for additional hay. Cereal straw is also being baled o make up for the forage shortfall.
Dugout levels at 20 to 30% capacity with some livestock producers cleaning dugout to improve water access and/or bringing into supplemental water to meet livestock needs.  
Eastern Region
Rainfall occurred Sunday in areas with thunderstorms, periods of heavy rain, but accumulation was variable. Soil moisture conditions on crop land rated 50% adequate and 50% short in northern and central districts; 50% short and 50% very short in southern district.    Temperatures hot and dry during daytime, with colder than normal nights, no reports of frost. 
Cereal harvest is 90% complete with spring wheat and oats harvested. Wheat yields reported as 50 to 80 bu/ac with good quality and protein levels ranging from 13% to 16%.  Oat reported yields range from 80 to 130 bu/ac. 
Canola harvest estimated as 70% complete, with yields from 35 to 60 bu/ac. 
Soybean very early varieties in R7 and transitioning to R8.  Majority of other fields in mid R6 stage. Soybean maturity accelerated last week, primarily because of a lack of moisture with leaf yellowing, leaf drop and pod colour change occurring. 
Sunflowers are at R8 and lower leaf wilting noted.  Corn is in the dent stage. Strong winds from the recent storms caused some lodging in corn crops.
Fall fertilizer and tillage operations started over the past week. Some producers have been holding off on fall tillage due to dry conditions.
Hay and pasture land soil moisture rated as 50% short and 50% very short.  Pasture conditions rated as 30% fair, 40% poor and 30% very poor.  Pastures are dry with some producers starting to feed on pasture.
The availability of livestock water rated at 60% adequate and 40% inadequate. Producers moving livestock to pastures with water, as estimated 30 to 40% of dugouts dry and remaining dugouts rated as less 20% full.
Winter feed supplies of hay, straw and greenfeed are rated as inadequate with the feed grain supply rate as about 80% adequate. 
Interlake Region
Hot weather continued, although significant smoke from eastern forest fires limited some daytime heating.   Overnight temperatures have cooled; frost reported in the Narcisse area on Sunday morning. Rainfall overnight Sunday was welcome; harvest delays will be minimal.  Most crops are shorter than normal, a result of extended dry periods; lighter textured soils are most impacted, with lower yields.   Higher yields indicate fields that received timely rains. 
Hail damage over the season has been more significant than first estimated; cereals and canola are yielding lower in affected areas. 
Fall rye harvest is complete.  Yields reported as 70 to 90 bu/ac in hybrid fall rye, with lower yields in non-hybrids. 
Excellent progress made in spring cereal harvest, 75 to 95%+ complete.  Early barley yields reported 35 to 80 bu/ac, some reports of lighter weight.  Oats are yielding 40 to 140+ bu/ac.  Crop grades range from #2 to #4; test weights have improved. Spring wheat yields range 30 to 80 bu/ac, higher yields achieved on clay soils. Proteins for CWRS at 12% to over 17%; other classifications lower.  Little if any fusarium damaged kernels with good test weight. 
Field pea harvest has wrapped up, yields range from 25 bu/acre to high 60s. Flax harvest has started, as has fababeans – no yield reports to date.
Canola harvest has progressed rapidly, 50% complete in south part of the region, and underway in the north.  Yields reported 20 to 40 bu/ac with some seed cracking issues due to low seed moisture of 6 to 7%. Producers are mitigating by harvesting in early morning and late evening when moisture higher.
Soybeans maturing rapidly, but pod fill is a concern in fields not getting rain. Rapid leaf colour change and leaf drop is occurring in early maturing varieties and on lighter textured fields; most fields are R5 to R8. 
Corn is as advanced as the dent stage.  Sunflowers range from R6 to R8. 
Seed alfalfa fields desiccated; some harvest has occurred, but no yield reports yet.
Soil testing is underway.  Some fieldwork complete; many are waiting for rain.
Much needed rain has perked up corn and alfalfa, and pasture grasses have started to re-grow. Minimal second cut alfalfa, cattle being turned out onto hayfields to extend the grazing season‎.
Some coarse hay is being put up in low-lying areas.  Cereal straw is being baled postharvest for livestock. Some producers have started supplemental feeding on pastures due to recent dry spell.
Water is being pumped and hauled for livestock consumption; dugout water quality is poor, and levels sit at 10-30% full; a few are dry.