Crop Report: Issue 19, September 10, 2018

Weekly Provincial Summary
  • Frost temperature reports available on Crop Report Weather page and Fall Frost Information Bulletin.
  • Overall harvest in Manitoba is 65% complete
  • Yields variable and based on the seasonal rainfall, soil moisture availability. Disease was limited
  • Frost received in last week, Northwest region had more severe frost, some crop damage occurred
  • Dugout levels very low, livestock being moved to water or water being brought in.
  • Baling of livestock feed continues, resources available on feed for sale at Manitoba Hay Listings.

Table 1: Seeded Acreage and Harvest Progress for 2018 Manitoba Field Crops
Harvest Progress to
September 4, 2018
September 10, 2018
Winter Wheat*
Fall Rye
Spring Wheat*
Field Pea*
Dry Bean
Corn (Grain)


Southwest Region
Another dry and windy week let producers continue with harvest. Reports of light frost in northern areas of the region. Some damage to crops where temperatures dropped down to -4C or for light frost for extended periods. 
Harvest is 70% complete overall. Reports of grain bugs in storage in the southwest corner of the region.
Spring wheat harvest 90% complete with good quality and average yields. Oat harvest 95% complete. 
Canola harvest 70% complete. Yields variable depending on the in-season rainfall. Most areas reporting 40 to 50bu/ac, but some areas in 25 to 30bu/ac with small seed. Straight cut canola in the area has done well in high winds, with limited shattering reports.
Flax bolls are brown and harvest is just about to start. 
Soybeans are R7 to R8 maturity. Limited harvesting has occurred.
Sunflowers in the R7 to R8 stage.
Corn crops at R5 in wet areas to R6 stage in drier areas. Silaging has started with reported yields are 10 to 14 ton/acre
Some producers seeding winter cereals, but will depend on workload during harvest and fields available for rotation. Some tillage being done in low and weedy spots.
Pastures showing some re-growth from recent rainfall. Many producers are starting to move cattle to other grazing areas and/or starting to feed on pasture. Overall, feed situation short in most areas. Some producers are cutting and baling cattails for straw/feed use.
Dugouts are 45 to 50% full, which is lower than previous years at this time. 
Northwest Region
There was good harvest progress this past week. Night temperatures are starting to cool with heavy dew in the mornings and a heavy frost mid-week through most parts of the region.  Damage is evident in some crops, but most were near maturity, so damage expected to be limited.  Producers have been keeping up on field work following harvest operations as field conditions allow.    Harvest is 55% complete overall.
Harvesting of spring wheat harvest  near complete around Ste. Rose and 50% around Fork River areas with yields of 60 to 70 bu/ac and good protein levels. Spring wheat is 85% complete around Swan River with average yields of 65 to 85 bu/ac.
Field pea harvest is 99% complete with yields of 50 to 70 bu/ac reported.  Lentils also mostly harvested with yields 45 to    50 bu/ac.
Canola harvest around Swan River 20% complete with yields of 45 to 60 bu/ac; around the Dauphin area 80 to 90% complete with yields of 35 to 50 bu/ac.
Soybean harvest begun in some areas, but no reports of yields.
Pastures remain in poor to fair condition, resulting from dry conditions and heavy frost.
Supplementation on the poor pastures is still occurring.  Baling of slough hay and roadside ditches is ongoing to help stretch forage supplies.  After last week’s frost, producers are considering harvesting later seeded cereal for annual forages; nitrates may be a concern in these feeds.  Scattered showers throughout the area has made it challenging to put up greenfeed.  Producers are cutting second cut alfalfa. Early seeded corn is beginning its silage harvest period with average yields reported.
Dugout levels vary with the eastern part of the region at 20 to 40% of full with some dried up and the western side experiencing levels at 70 to 80% full.
Central Region
Mostly sunny, dry weather, interspersed with light shower activity continued to provide favourable conditions for harvest this week. Light frost experienced on a couple of mornings on the escarpment, but no significant crop damage. Harvest is 75% complete overall.
Winter and spring cereals harvest is 98% completed. Winter wheat yields were 30 to 80 bu/ac; fall rye 40 to 90 bu/ac; spring wheat 40 to 90 bu/ac with 12 to 15% protein and low fusarium; barley 80 to 100 bu/ac; oats 70 to 150 bu/ac. Much more cereal straw has been harvested than usual to help make up for the hay shortfall.
Field peas harvest complete. Yields ranged from 30 to 80 bu/ac and good quality.
Canola harvest is 95% complete. Yields reported were 35 to 55+ bu/ac.
Flax in the brown boll stage and ripe. 25% of crop harvested with yield reports of 30 to 45 bu/ac.
Sunflowers are starting to mature and in R8 to R9 staging, some fields have been desiccated.
Corn has suffered from the lack of moisture in the grain filling stage with many fields are in the dent stage and some already looking ripe. Early yield reports of corn in the Carman area is below average and some fields in the Altona and Morris areas are being assessed for yield to be harvested as silage instead of grain given the poorer yield expectations in those dryer pocket areas.
Soybeans 25 to 35% harvested. Early yield reports 25 to 35 bu/ac. Green seed count higher than normal, caused by the dry conditions in the maturing stage of the crop.
Edible bean fields matured rapidly. Harvest is 55% with yields of 1400 to 2000 lb/ac for Pinto beans; 1500 to 1800 lb/ac for the Cranberry types. Low seed moisture content reported, but low seed coat cracks.
Potato harvest has started with early yields of 300 to 350 cwt/ac. As many of the potato crops irrigated, impact of the dry weather not as obvious on yield. 
Pasture condition poor and continue to deteriorate from the lack of precipitation. Producers have been supplementing hay in pastures.
Hay yields well below normal due to the dry conditions. Many roadside ditches and dried up sloughs have being cut and harvested. Corn silage harvest is underway.
Dugout levels 20 to 30% full, with declining water quality. Pumping water into dugouts to replenish supplies is challenging, as low water levels in creeks and rivers.
Eastern Region
Soil moisture conditions on crop land rated as 25% adequate, 50% short 50% very short.  Southern areas of the region had light frost over the past week, but damage has been limited on crops remaining. Harvest progress for region is 60% complete.
Cereal harvest complete. Spring wheat yields were 50 to 80 bu/ac with 13 to 16% protein; oats 80 to 130 bu/ac.
Canola harvest is 90% complete. Yields reported were 35 to 60 bu/ac.
Soybean harvest has started, early yield reports of 30 to 40 bu/ac. bu/ac mark.
Sunflowers are R8 to R9, with some desiccation to occur.
Corn is the dent stage with early varieties reaching physiological maturity/black layer. The pace of corn dry down will be linked to the fall weather.
Hay and pasture land moisture conditions rated as 30% short and 70% very short; pasture land rated as 20% fair, 40% poor and 40% very poor. Pastures are dry and producers are looking for pasture with more regrowth and water in the dugouts. Producers have started to feed livestock on pasture. Some grain corn cut for silage. Winter feed supplies of hay, straw and greenfeed are rated as inadequate with the feed grain supply rate as about 80% adequate and 20% inadequate.
Dugouts levels 20% full, with some dugouts dry. The availability of livestock water rated at 60% adequate and 40% inadequate.
Interlake Region
Light frosts reported in areas further north.  Most crops are mature enough to escape injury.  Hail reported in several areas, with significant damage to some canola, soybeans also affected.  Most crops are shorter than normal, a result of extended dry periods; lighter textured soils are most impacted, with lower yields.   Higher yields indicate fields that received timely rains.  Harvest progress for region is 60% complete.
Cereal harvest is mostly complete. Spring wheat yields were 30 to 80 bu/ac with protein 12 to 17%; barley 35 to 80 bu/ac; oats 40 to 140+ bu/ac.   
Canola harvest has progressed rapidly and overall 90% complete. Yields reported are 20 to 50+ bu/ac, good quality but low moisture.
Field pea harvest complete with yields of 25 to 60 bu/ac. Early flax yields at 30 bu/acre, fababeans at 25 bu/acre.
Soybeans are maturing rapidly but pod fill is a concern due to lack of rain.  Harvest has begun; early yield reports at 25-40 bu/ac. 
Grain corn is drying down rapidly.  Silage corn is being cut.
Sunflowers range from R7 to R9, desiccation is starting. 
Seed alfalfa fields are desiccated; some harvest has occurred, early yield reports of 600-900 lb/ac.
Soil testing continues. Some fieldwork is complete, and more will start in areas that have received rains in the last couple of weeks.  In drier areas, harrowing only.
Fall rye continues to go in; two thirds of intended acres are seeded.
Pasture growth is slowing due to recent light frosts and cooler conditions. 
Tame haying is complete; producers are still taking native hay in lower areas. Producers starting to supplement feed hay on pastures. Cattle have been turned out onto hayfields to extend the grazing season‎.  Cattle producers are taking advantage of casual hay permits on crown land and in wildlife management areas. 
A few dugouts/water sources are dry, water being pumped and hauled for livestock consumption; dugout water quality is poor, and levels sit at 10 to 30% full.