Crop Report: Issue 20, September 17, 2018

Weekly Provincial Summary
  • Harvest slowed or stopped due to rainfall, high humidity and cool temperatures.
  • Overall harvest in Manitoba is 65% complete
  • Yields variable and based on the seasonal rainfall, soil moisture availability. Disease was limited in 2018.
  •  Dugout levels very low, livestock being moved to water or water being brought in.

 Table 1: Harvest Progress for 2018 Manitoba Field Crops

Harvest Progress to:
Sept 4, 2018
Sept 10, 2018
Sept 17, 2018
Winter Wheat*
Fall Rye
Spring Wheat*
Field Pea*
Dry Bean
Corn (Grain)

Southwest Region
Cool, wet weather throughout the week, hindered harvest operations.  Rainfall amounts were very variable, but higher accumulation in southern part of region. Daytime temperatures also cooler, which did not help in drying crops.  Harvest in region is 75% complete overall. 
Cereal harvest is 90 to 95% complete and canola harvest is 75% complete. Soybean harvest is 20 to 25% complete with yield reports of 30 bu/ac.   
Sunflowers in R7 to R8 stage. Some advanced fields of Sunflower are close to desiccation (R9).   Corn is drying down well or at various stages for silage. 
With recent rains, seeding continued on fall rye or winter wheat, limited nitrogen put down with the crops, as concerns over winterkill.
Livestock are continuing to graze on pasture, with some supplemental feed brought in.  Some livestock have been move off pasture. Culling of animals has started, with producers looking at feed supplies and managing herd size to ensure needs are met. Straw, grain and protein supplements being sourced to make up for shortfall.
Cooler days and rain is helping soil moisture, but too late to impact dwindling pasture and winter water supplies. Dugouts are 50% full.
Northwest Region
Harvest progress stalled this week as cool weather and rain showers moved through. Some locations received a light frost, but reports of damage minimal.  Reports of a hail storm on the weekend through Roblin, Swan River and Dauphin, but damage still being assessed.  Some harvest operations have taken place with some grain needing to be dried. Harvest in region is 70% complete overall.
Spring wheat harvest 90 to 95% complete around Swan River, yields reported from 65 to 85 bu/ac. In Roblin area, spring wheat 85% complete and 65 bu/ac. Harvest has not begun at The Pas due to wet conditions and rainfall.
Canola harvest around Swan River about 30% complete with yields of 45 to 60 bu/ac; around Dauphin area 90% complete with yields of 35 to 50 bu/ac. Harvest of canola in the Roblin area is underway.
Field pea harvest virtually complete with yields of 50 to 70 bu/ac.  Lentils also mostly harvested with yields of 45 to 50bu/ac. Soybean harvest underway in Ste. Rose area with limited reports of yield.
With the exception of The Pas, where excess moisture conditions remain, rain over the weekend was welcome to replenish soil moisture levels, but too late to improve current forage conditions.  Cool temperatures have concluded pasture growth and supplementation required for continued weight maintenance of livestock on pasture.  When weather conditions allow, producers continue to put up alternative feeds such as canola straw, bulrushes and cattails.  Corn silage harvest is underway with average yields. 
Dugout levels vary with the eastern part of the region at 20 to 40% of full with some dried up and the western side experiencing levels at 70 to 80% full.
Central Region
Harvest progress stalled to due many days of light rain/fog, high humidity and cooler temperatures.
Winter cereal planting has progressed well with more fall rye acres planted compared to 2017, due to the higher price offering.
Cereal harvest complete. Reported yield from the area were winter 30 to 80 bu/ac; fall rye 40 to 90 bu/ac; spring wheat 40 to 90 bu/ac; barley 60 to 100 bu/ac; oat 70 to 150 bu/ac. Good bushel weight, quality  and low fusarium levels are reported in all cereals. More than usual cereal straw and some canola straw baled to make up for the hay shortfall.
Canola harvest 99% complete, yields reported were 35 to 55+ bu/ac. Yields varied due to the season’s warm and dry conditions. Some higher green seed content reported due to unevenness of stands or too fast drydown.
Flax harvest 50 to 60% complete with yields 30 to 45 bu/ac. Sunflowers are progressing to the mature stage (R8 to R9) with some fields desiccated ahead of harvest.
Corn harvest underway in Altona area, yields reported 80 to 120 bu/ac, grain moisture in 25 to 30% range to lower in the areas with lower yield and drier conditions. Some grain corn being assessed to harvest as silage, given the poorer yield expectations.
Soybean harvest 50 to 60% complete, yields reported 25 to 40 bu/ac. Green seed still an issue in  Red River Valley, where dry conditions more severe.
Edible bean harvest 80% complete with Pinto yields 1400 to 2000 lb/ac; 1500 to 1800 lb/ac for Cranberry types with good seed size reported.
More post-harvest tillage this past week and soil sampling progressing well in preparation of the fall fertilization. Manure application occurring, given favorable weather and moist soil surface conditions.
Potato harvest is ongoing with yields reports of 300 to 350 cwt/ac.  
Pasture conditions are poor from the lack of seasonal precipitation. Recent rains are helping to green up pastures but growth is slow. Many producers have been supplementing hay in pastures. Hay yields are well below normal due to the dry conditions. Corn silage harvest continues. Livestock producers are sourcing alternative feed sources to meet their needs.
Livestock water supply is adequate, but dugout water levels are 25 to 35% of capacity.
Eastern Region
Rainfall reduced harvest progress this week. Hail reported in the Central district with damage to mature soybean crops. Crop land soil moisture conditions rated as 100% in northern districts, 70% adequate to 30% short in central; 70% short and 30% very short in south.  In Northern districts the week’s rainfall halted all field work.  In Central and Southern districts harvest/fieldwork progress was made between rains.  Harvest progress in region is 65 to 70% complete overall.
Cereal harvest complete. Spring Wheat yield 50 to 80 bu/ac, oat 80 to 130 bu/ac. Canola harvest 95% complete with yields of 35 to 60 bu/ac.
Soybean harvest 20% complete, reported yields of 30 to 40 bu/ac.
Sunflowers mostly at R9 stage with  desiccation completed this week if the weather allows.
Corn is reaching physiological maturity/black layer. Harvest will likely get fully underway by late this week, weather dependant. Some stalk breakage starting to occur in long-term dry fields.
Hay land moisture conditions rated as 50% short and 50% very short; pasture land rated as 20% fair, 40% poor and 40% very poor.  Some pastures are starting to turn green  with rainfall. Producers continue to move livestock to pastures with grass and water in the dugouts. Several grain corn fields in the area have been cut for silage with below average tonnage (8-10tons).
Dugouts at 20% of the water capacity with some dugouts dry.
Winter feed supplies of hay, straw and greenfeed are rated as inadequate.  
Interlake Region
Temperatures have moderated, overnight temperatures have cooled, and cloudy conditions combined with rain have slowed harvest.   Harvest estimated at 65% complete.
Cereals harvest mostly complete. Spring wheat yields of 30 to 80 bu/ac; barley 15 to 80 bu/ac; oat 20 to 140+ bu/ac. 
Canola harvest 90% complete. Yields reported at 20 to 50+ bu/ac, good quality but low moisture.
Field pea harvest has complete with yield of 25 to 60+ bu/ac.
Early flax yields at 20 to 30 bu/ac, fababeans at 25 bu/ac.
Soybeans harvest begun. Early yields reports of 20 to 50 bu/ac. Green soybeans have been noted in samples. 
Grain corn is drying down rapidly.  Early silage corn yields range from average to good, 7-14 wet tonnes/acre. 
Most sunflowers are at R9, desiccation continues.
Seed alfalfa yields are extremely variable, with some fields not taken to harvest due to poor seed set. Yields range up to 900 lbs/acre.
Soil testing continues, some fieldwork is complete and more will start in areas that have received rains in the last couple of weeks.  In drier areas, harrowing only.
Fall rye continues to be seeded with acres are higher than last year.
Pasture growth has slowed due to cooler conditions, but benefitted from recent rains. 
Tame haying is complete; producers are still taking native hay in lower areas. Producers are starting to supplement feed hay on pastures. Cattle have been turned out onto hayfields to extend the grazing season. ‎Early weaning has started, and calves are being sold, due to shortage of feed. Cattle producers are taking advantage of casual hay permits on crown land and in wildlife management areas. 
Dugout levels sit at 0-30%.