AU 10
KITCHENER, Eclipse, and No. 1 & 2 Branch Veins (Kitchener and Crowler M.C.’s)
1985 - Angela Development Ltd.
Arbor Resources Inc.
1500-675 W. Hastings St.
Vancouver, BC
Kitchener Shaft
50 54.25’
95 20.30’
Uncertainty (m)
100 m
UTM Zone
L.S./Quarter Section
16 EPM
The deposit is situated within one of many en echelon quartz-bearing shear zones which strike approximately 285 across a trough-shaped block of ground lying between two large east trending carbonate shear zones. The north and southS carbonate shears, meeting on the west and probably at depth, enclose part of the limb of a southeast trending anticline.
Within the trough-shaped block of ground, metagreywacke of the Tinney Lake Formation of the Rice Lake Group is enclosed by the Wadhope gabbro sill. The quartz-bearing shear zones are located within the metagreywacke near the southern contact of the sill (Stephenson, 1972).
The Kitchener vein is located in the western part of the shear zone. The Growler shaft was sunk on this portion of the shear. At its east end the Kitchener vein splits into two branches, the Eclipse vein and the No. 1 Branch vein and at this location the Kitchener shaft was sunk. The No. 2 Branch vein is a branch from the No. 1 Branch vein.
The Kitchener vein continues from the surface to a depth of 214 m, but narrows to the east and at depth towards the south carbonate shear. No. 1 Branch vein is of good width for distances up to 207 m from the west end and to a depth of 191 m. The Eclipse vein is narrower on the 114 m level than on upper levels, and was not found below this level.
The quartz in these veins, especially in their upper parts, is a smoky grey and varies from coarse to sugar grained. The quartz carries disseminated grains and veinlets of pyrite, chalcopyrite, and pyrrhotite. Except in the No. 2 Branch vein, pyrrhotite is generally less plentiful than the other sulphides. Free gold was rarely observed and where visible is associated with chalcoyrite and pyrite. An ore sample was reported to contain a trace of zinc and 0.009% nickel (Stockwell and Lord, 1939). In general the sulphides and gold decrease in quantity with depth. The main orebody extended for 244 m in the est part of the Kitchener vein and continued east for 198 m in the Eclipse branch and for 137 m in the No. 1 Branch vein; and from surface to the 114 m level. Three small patches of ore were found between 114 and 140 m levels.
Wall rock schists generally hold disseminated grains and cubes of pyrite, but little or no gold.
Copper, silver, lead
In 1915, the Kitchener (24033) and Growler (24031) claims were staked over the deposit by Letitia Germain and George Baird, respectively.
Growler M.C. was assigned to John A. McVicar in 1917 and two years later he assigned half-interest to Alexander Baird. Lease No. 220 was issued to them for a 21-year period in 1922.
No. 1 & 2 Branch Veins (Kitchener and Crowler M.C.’s)

The 18.4 hectare Kitchener M.C. (Lot 154) was optioned in 1924 to T.C. Anderson of the W.A.D. Syndicate Limited (H. Wentworth, T.C. Anderson, and H.C. Davis). Diamond drilling and active development indicated two major ore-shoots 1068 m apart and some 4 km in length (Robinson, 1932). DeLury and Cole (1930) described the two major ore-shoots as occurring along what they referred to as the W.A.D. zone. The first shoot was on the Kitchener claim and the other some 1068 m to the east on the Hope M.C. (52 L/13, Ref. AU 13).
A complete mining plant and necessary equipment were shipped in from the Solo-Ore Grande claims and early in 1925 the Eclipse (Main) shaft on the Kitchener had reached a depth of 114 m. At that time John Taylor and Sons, of London, England, through the Anglo-Canadian Explorers Limited, acquired a substantial interest in the enterprise.
In 1925 and 1926 some work was done on the Growler vein west of the Kitchener, and on the Tene 6 (52 L/13, Ref. AU 11), Roger (52 L/13, Ref. AU 12), and Hope (52 L/13, Ref. AU 13) veins to the E (Wright, 1932).
The Kitchener and Growler M.C.'s were assigned to T.C. Anderson and then to Central Manitoba Mines, Limited, in 1926. Soon after, a 21-year lease (603) was issued to Central Manitoba Mines, Limited, on Kitchener M.C.
A 136 tonne cyanidation mill was built during the summer of 1927 and the property went into production in October 1927. Shafts were also sunk on the Kitchener vein where it crosses the Growler claim and on the Tene 6, Rogers, and Hope deposits (Stockwell and Lord 1939).
The eastern end of the Kitchener vein, the Eclipse vein and the No. 1 and 2 Branch veins were developed from the two-compartment Eclipse (Kitchener) shaft. The western end of the Kitchener vein was first developed from the Growler shaft, and after 1929 from the Eclipse shaft by means of a cross-cut on the 114 m level. Up until that time all production sent to the mill was from the Eclipse shaft.
Kitchener vein: According to Stockwell and Lord (1939) the deposit was developed on six levels to a depth of 159 m, the lower three levels being reached through a winze sunk on the vein from the 114 to the 159 m horizons.
Eclipse vein: The vein was developed by drifting on the 38, 61, 76, and 114 m levels (Stockwell and Lord 1939).
No. 1 Branch vein: The vein was developed on seven levels to a depth of 261 m, although on the lowest level it has been explored chiefly by means of diamond drilling from a drift lying from about 6 to 31 m south of the vein and about parallel with it. On the 38, 61, 76, 114, and 159 m levels the vein was followed easterly from the fork for distances of 46 to 244 m. On the 191 and 267 m levels the vein was traced for lengths of 262 and 519 m, respectively, but was not followed westerly to the fork (Stockwell and Lord, 1939).
No. 2 Branch vein: The vein was developed on the 61 and 76 m levels, and followed for 49 m in drifts on each of these levels (Stockwell and Lord, 1939).
In 1931 John Taylor and Sons retired from mine management and Anglo-Canadian Explorers, Limited, divested itself of any control of the mining policy (Northern Miner, May 14/31). The W.A.D. Syndicate Limited, then assumed management of the mine.
In 1932 Central Manitoba Mines, Limited acquired 30\000 shares (later increased to 150\000 shares) of Manitoba Gold Mines, Limited, from the W.A.D. Syndicate.
Production continued until July 27, 1937, when the mine was officially closed. A review of the development work from surface to the deepest horizons indicated a progressive decrease in the gold content, mineralization, quartz content and alteration of the shear zones. In the lowest level only narrow shear zones with little or no quartz and mineralization were encountered while gold values were negligible. Justification for further development work at depth did not exist. The property was inactive for the next nine years until early in 1946 when the Kitchener, Growler and 48 other leased claims were sold
for $50\000 and assigned, first to Thomas Joseph Day, and then to New Manitoba Gold Mines Limited. The lease on the Growler was renewed in 1943. New Manitoba Gold Mines Limited explored the property with 12 drill holes in 1946, but work was discontinued until market conditions became more opportune for financing.
In 1947 the lease on the Kitchener was renewed.
New Manitoba Gold Mines Limited changed its name to New Manitoba Mining & Smelting Company Limited in 1958. The property was assigned to Manoka Mining & Smelting Company Limited in 1962.
The lease on Growler was renewed in 1964 and on Kitchener in 1968.
In 1969 Arthur Vander Brink took out an option on the property and immediately assigned it to Summit Oils Limited. Early in the next year an agreement between Summit Oils Limited and the Province of Manitoba was made under the Mineral Assistance Act. The proposed exploration program was never started and in 1971 Arthur Vander Brink and Summit Oils Limited allowed the option to run out.
Manoka Mining & Smelting Company Limited changed its name to Cat Lake Mines Limited in 1972. The latter was merged with two other companies in 1974 to form Fundy Chemical International Ltd.
The Tene 321, 335; Kitchener 154, 341; and Growler 126, 340 claims expired in August 1976.
In 1977 J. Calverly staked W 45879 over the mine and carried out trenching and sampling. Ownership was transferred to F. Calverley in 1979 and then the claim was converted to Production Lease 26 (PL 26) in May 1979. The holder's name was changed to Calverly Prospecting Limited in 1980. There has been no official production from PL 26.
CB 10064 was staked by W.B. Dunlop in 1978 to cover ground around PL 26. Mid-North Resources acquired CB 10064 in January 1981 and immediately optioned it to Camflo Mines Limited (Barrick Resources) who as part of its Pioneer Project also optioned:

CB 10060-65
CB 10095
CB 10254-55
CB 10280-81
CB 10287-88
CB 11522-24

In the winter and spring of 1981 a VLF-EM and MAG survey was carried out and followed up by a summer-fall program of geological mapping and geochemistry. In 1982 a study was carried out to establish the feasibility of hauling and custom milling surface material from Kitchener. In total 437 tonnes of material was hauled and custom milled. Data on gold recoveries is not available. In 1984 Camflo Mines Ltd. changed its name to Barrick Resources Corporation. Later in 1984 Angela Development Limited and Arbor Resources Inc. entered into an option agreement with Barrick Resources. During the period August to October 1984 a 10 hole drilling program was carried out.
Total Production from Central Manitoba Mines four deposits; 52 L/14NW, AU 10, AU 11, AU 12, and AU 13 was as follows:

Years Ore Milled (Tonnes) Gold kg (ozs)
Production from Kitchener M.C.
1927-37 395 275 4977.5 (160 034)
1927 ? 5.67 (182.34)
1928 14\937 572.2 (18\396.27)
1929 49\623 676.8 (21\761.21)
1932 1\429 18.6 (597.5)
1933 11\567 101.3 (3\256.79)
1934 15\474 154.3 (4\962.16)
1935 6\021 58.1 (1\866.56)
Production from Growler M.C.
1932 23\169 302.26 (9\718.18)
1933 18\686 163.63 (5\260.98)
1934 20/175 201.16 (6\467.39)
1935 17\686 170.54 (5\483.08)
Canadian Mines Handbook, 1962: p. 152; Northern Miner Press Limited.
DeLury, J.S., and Cole, Geo. E., 1930: Central Manitoba Mines, Limited; in First Annual Report on Mines and Minerals; Manitoba Mines Branch, Volume 1, 1928.
Manitoba Mines Branch:
a. Annual Report on Mines and Minerals; 1929-1937.
b. Corporation Files; Central Manitoba Mines Limited, New Manitoba Gold Mines Limited.
Mineral Development Sector: Corporation Files; Consolidated Manitoba Mines Limited.
Mines Branch, Ottawa, 1929: Investigations in Ore Dressing and Metallurgy; Report 720, p. 127-139 (No. 339).
Robinson, A.H.A., 1935: Gold in Canada; Mines Branch, Ottawa, Publication 769, p. 57-58.
Russell, G.A., 1952: Structural Studies of the Long Lake-Halfway Lake Area; Manitoba Mines Branch, Publication 49-6, p. 8.
Stephenson, J.F., 1971: Gold Deposits of the Rice Lake-Beresford Lake Greenstone Belt, Southeastern Manitoba; in Geology and Geophysics of the Rice Lake Region, Southeastern Manitoba; Manitoba Mines Branch, Publication, 71-1, Report 16, p. 337-374.
Stockwell, C.H., and Lord, C.S., 1939: Halfway Lake-Beresford Lake Area, Manitoba; Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 219, p. 46-59.
Wright, J.F., 1932: Geology and Mineral Deposits of a Part of Southeastern Manitoba; Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 169, p. 66-74.
o. 1 & 2 Branch Veins (Kitchener and Crowler M.C.’s)
Map 52 L/14 W, Garner Lake, (Topographic), Scale 1:50 000, Mines & Technical Survey, Canada.
Map 4048 G, Garner Lake, (Aeromagnetic), Scale 1:63 360, Manitoba Mines Branch & Geological Survey of Canada.
Map 71-1/1, Geology of the Wanipigow-Winnipeg Rivers Region, SE Manitoba, (Geology), Scale 1:253 440-Accompanying report by Stephenson (1971),
Maps 536, 7 A, Sheets 2 and 3, Halfway Lake-Beresford Lake, (Geology), Scale 1:12 000-Accompanying Memoir 219 by Stockwell and Lord (1939), Geological Survey of Canada.
Map (Unpublished), Kitchener M.C. (24033), Lot 154, Group 124 (Survey, 1921), Scale 1:2400-Accompanying File 1120, Mining Recording, Manitoba Mines Branch.
Map (Unpublished), Growler M.C. (24031), Lot 126, Group 124 (Survey, 1922), Scale 1:2400-Accompanying File 895, Mining Recording, Manitoba Mines Branch.
Claim Map Series 52 L/14NW, Scale 1:31 680, circa 1974, Mining Recording, Manitoba Mines Branch.
Total Underground Exploration at Central Manitoba Mines, Limited - 16 075 m of drifting and cross-cutting - 33 346 m of diamond drilling
Compiled/Revised by:
06-67 06-73 04-74 06-85