Intimate integration : a history of the Sixties Scoop and the colonization of Indigenous kinship

/ Allyson D. Stevenson.
Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2020. xv, 328 pages.

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From the publisher:

Privileging Indigenous voices and experiences, Intimate Integration documents the rise and fall of North American transracial adoption projects, including the Adopt Indian and Métis Project and the Indian Adoption Project. The author argues that the integration of adopted Indian and Métis children mirrored the new direction in post-war Indian policy and welfare services. She illustrates how the removal of Indigenous children from Indigenous families and communities took on increasing political and social urgency, contributing to what we now call the "Sixties Scoop."

Intimate Integration utilizes an Indigenous gender analysis to identify the gendered operation of the federal Indian Act and its contribution to Indigenous child removal, over-representation in provincial child welfare systems, and transracial adoption. Specifically, women and children’s involuntary enfranchisement through marriage, as laid out in the Indian Act, undermined Indigenous gender and kinship relationships. Making profound contributions to the history of settler-colonialism in Canada, Intimate Integration sheds light on the complex reasons behind persistent social inequalities in child welfare.

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Home care fault lines : understanding tensions and creating alliances

/ Cynthia J. Cranford.
Ithaca : ILR Press, an imprint of Cornell University Press, 2020. xiv, 220 pages.

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From the publisher:

In this revealing look at home care, Cynthia J. Cranford illustrates how elderly and disabled people and the immigrant women workers who assist them in daily activities develop meaningful relationships even when their different ages, abilities, races, nationalities, and socioeconomic backgrounds generate tension. As Cranford shows, workers can experience devaluation within racialized and gendered class hierarchies, which shapes their pursuit of security.

Cranford analyzes the tensions, alliances, and compromises between security for workers and flexibility for elderly and disabled people, and she argues that workers and recipients negotiate flexibility and security within intersecting inequalities in varying ways depending on multiple interacting dynamics.

What comes through from Cranford's analysis is the need for deeply democratic alliances across multiple axes of inequality. To support both flexible care and secure work, she argues for an intimate community unionism that advocates for universal state funding, designs culturally sensitive labor market intermediaries run by workers and recipients to help people find jobs or workers, and addresses everyday tensions in home workplaces.

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Quietly shrinking cities : Canadian urban population loss in an age of growth

/ Maxwell Hartt.
Vancouver : UBC Press, 2021. 213 pages.

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From the publisher:

The author examines population loss in cities in Canada as a process of urban change and the opportunities and obstacles involved in planning in shrinking cities, discussing their perception, definition, and categorization, as well as strategies for decision makers. He describes the literature on growth and decline, the idea of a shrinking city, and associated debates regarding its definition and operationalization; the growth, decline, and movement of Canadian urban populations over the past four decades and the prevalence, severity, and persistence of urban shrinkage and slow growth; how industrial changes have contributed to Canada's urban population geography, particularly the shift away from primary resource-extraction and manufacturing and how post-industrial transformations have permanently changed the urban landscape; case studies of Cape Breton Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia and the community of Chatham-Kent in Ontario; how decision makers in shrinking cities should not only concentrate on regrowing their population but focus on adapting to better represent their smaller population; and perceptions of urban shrinkage and the applicability and feasibility of rightsizing strategies.

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Assisted suicide in Canada : moral, legal, and policy considerations

/ / Travis Dumsday.
Vancouver : University of British Columbia Press, 2021. x, 197 pages.

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From the publisher:

The author examines the moral, legal, and policy issues surrounding the decision to decriminalize assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia in the 2015 ruling in Carter v. Canada, arguing that the Supreme Court of Canada made moral and legal errors in the case and that assisted suicide and active euthanasia are morally impermissible acts they should be recriminalized. He describes key legal rulings that led to the circumstances permitting assisted suicide and active euthanasia in Canada; developments since the case, including reactions from the Harper government, the Trudeau government, and the provinces; the ethics involved in medical assistance in dying (MAID); arguments for and against the moral permissibility of MAID; what the policy response to the case should be, specifically to repeal Bill C-14 and negate the case; how the provinces should not funded MAID; the issue of rights of conscience for healthcare providers and whether those who object to assisted suicide should be required to provide referrals for it; and whether Canadian healthcare providers who participate in assisted suicide are at risk of prosecution in other countries where it is illegal, as well as best practices for recordkeeping and information sharing, and the legal prospects for future court rulings overturning the case.

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Rising up : the fight for living wage work in Canada

/ edited by Bryan Evans, Carlo Fanelli, and Tom McDowell.
Vancouver : UBC Press, 2021. x, 287 pages.

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From the publisher:

Despite one of the highest rates of low-wage work in the West, Canada is home to a strong and storied labor movement. Rising Up traces the history of living wage activism in Canada and its battle against broken trade unions and dismantled safety nets. In a labor market characterized by inequality, instability, and austerity, the authors contend, the living wage movement must play a central role in our plans for a more equitable future.

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The cruelty is the point : the past, present, and future of Trump's America

Adam Serwer. First edition.
New York : One World, 2021. xx, 358 pages.

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Review from Kirkus Reviews:

A cogent examination of the challenges America faces. In a vigorous collection of more than a dozen essays, award-winning journalist Serwer, a staff writer at the Atlantic and former fellow at the Shorenstein Center at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, considers the social and ideological forces that led to Trump's presidency and, without intervention, will continue to shape American society. Most essays, drawn from pieces published since 2016, are newly contextualized, and Serwer includes additional pieces on immigration, politics within the American Jewish community, the destructive impact of police unions, and the past and future of American authoritarianism. He argues persuasively that racism lies at the heart of Trumpism. Although the media focused on economic anxiety to account for Trump's rise and continuing appeal, "the movement," he asserts, "cannot be rescued from its bigotry," which was intensified by Obama's presidency. Trump's supporters have found what they deeply wanted: "a president who embodies the rage they feel toward those they hate and fear, while reassuring them that that rage is nothing to be ashamed of." Serwer underscores the prevalence of cruelty in American life, which Trump exacerbated. In "The Cruelty of the Covid Contract," he sees that Trump's refusal to deal with the pandemic was essentially racist. "The lives of disproportionately black and brown workers are being sacrificed to fuel the engine of a faltering economy, by a president who disdains them," he writes. "This is the COVID contract." In examining the claims of nativists and White supremacists, Serwer traces the roots of White nationalism to the American eugenics movement that influenced immigration policy in the 1920s and later fed Nazi ideology. In "The Cruelty of the Code of Silence," he excoriates police unions for promoting the image of the police "as the lone barrier between civilization and barbarism," characterizing the people they are meant to defend and protect as violent and uncontrollable. A strong contribution to conversations about racism, injustice, and violence, all of which continue to plague this country.

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Manitoba Muslims : a history of resilience and growth

/ Ismael Ibrahim Mukhtar. First edition.
Victoria : FriesenPress, 2021. 301 pages.

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From the publisher:

Manitoba Muslims: a history of resilience and growth is both a look back at the history of Muslims in the province of Manitoba, and a look forward into the future. The Muslims of Manitoba have a presence that reaches back beyond a century. They are a fast-growing demographic and continue to make many positive contributions to their community and country. The history of Manitoba Muslims is an integral part of the history of Manitoba and Canada; with a better collective understanding of our history, all Canadians can work together to create a more respectful, tolerant, and welcoming nation. This book opens with a history of the community, beginning in 1900. The second section examines some of the issues and challenges faced by specific segments of the community, such as women, youth, and converts. In addition, address affiliations, controversies, social issues, halal alternatives, integration, and Islamophobia. This book will appeal to members of the public interested in learning about Islam and the Muslim community in Manitoba. It will also serve as an informative resource for historians, faith groups, and governing bodies.

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Warming huts : a decade + of art and architecture on ice

/ edited by Lawrence Bird, Peter Hargraves, Sharon Wohl.
Halifax : Dalhousie Architectural Press, 2021. 140 pages.

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From the publisher:

The Warming Huts are a public art and architecture installation held annually at mid-winter on the major rivers of Winnipeg, Canada. The huts are selected through an international design competition, and via the invitation of select designers or artists. This book, published to coincide with the tenth anniversary of the project, celebrates and discusses the annual project as a critical body of work foregrounding the poetics and politics of public space, while highlighting the variety of architectural narratives expressed in the Huts. A comparative analysis of the more than one thousand entries is included in the volume.

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Iconic stories from 150 years of sport in Manitoba

/ Sean Grassie.
Winnipeg : Sport Manitoba, 2020. 383 pages.

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From the publisher:

The 2017 Canada Summer Games Legacy Fund provided an opportunity to showcase stories and photos from Manitoba's sports history. In Iconic Stories from 150 years of Sport in Manitoba, 150 stories of athletes, teams, events, facilities and organizations are presented. Read about a Winnipeg team that captured the Stanley Cup in 1896, the struggles of a sprinter who became Canada's first black Olympian in 1912, the triumph of a 17-year-old who swam the English Channel in 1963, the dedication of an MLA and cabinet minister who won two gold medals at the 2016 Paralympics, and much more.

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Life in the city of dirty water : a memoir of healing

/ Clayton Thomas-Müller.
Toronto : Allen Lane, 2021. 229 pages.

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From the publisher:

A gritty and inspiring memoir from renowned Cree environmental activist Clayton Thomas-Muller, who escaped the world of drugs and gang life to take up the warrior’s fight against the assault on Indigenous peoples’ lands—and eventually the warrior’s spirituality.

There have been many Clayton Thomas-Mullers: The child who played with toy planes as an escape from domestic and sexual abuse, enduring the intergenerational trauma of Canada's residential school system; the angry youngster who defended himself with fists and sharp wit against racism and violence, at school and on the streets of Winnipeg and small-town British Columbia; the tough teenager who, at 17, managed a drug house run by members of his family, and slipped in and out of juvie, operating in a world of violence and pain.

But behind them all, there was another Clayton: the one who remained immersed in Cree spirituality, and who embraced the rituals and ways of thinking vital to his heritage; the one who reconnected with the land during summer visits to his great-grandparents' trapline in his home territory of Pukatawagan in northern Manitoba.

And it's this version of Clayton that ultimately triumphed, finding healing by directly facing the trauma that he shares with Indigenous peoples around the world. Now a leading organizer and activist on the frontlines of environmental resistance, Clayton brings his warrior spirit to the fight against the ongoing assault on Indigenous peoples' lands by Big Oil.

Tying together personal stories of survival that bring the realities of the First Nations of this land into sharp focus, and lessons learned from a career as a frontline activist committed to addressing environmental injustice at a global scale, Thomas-Muller offers a narrative and vision of healing and responsibility.

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