Intimate integration : a history of the Sixties Scoop and the colonization of Indigenous kinship

/ Allyson D. Stevenson.
Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2020. xv, 328 pages.

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From the publisher:

Privileging Indigenous voices and experiences, Intimate Integration documents the rise and fall of North American transracial adoption projects, including the Adopt Indian and Métis Project and the Indian Adoption Project. The author argues that the integration of adopted Indian and Métis children mirrored the new direction in post-war Indian policy and welfare services. She illustrates how the removal of Indigenous children from Indigenous families and communities took on increasing political and social urgency, contributing to what we now call the "Sixties Scoop."

Intimate Integration utilizes an Indigenous gender analysis to identify the gendered operation of the federal Indian Act and its contribution to Indigenous child removal, over-representation in provincial child welfare systems, and transracial adoption. Specifically, women and children’s involuntary enfranchisement through marriage, as laid out in the Indian Act, undermined Indigenous gender and kinship relationships. Making profound contributions to the history of settler-colonialism in Canada, Intimate Integration sheds light on the complex reasons behind persistent social inequalities in child welfare.

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Home care fault lines : understanding tensions and creating alliances

/ Cynthia J. Cranford.
Ithaca : ILR Press, an imprint of Cornell University Press, 2020. xiv, 220 pages.

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From the publisher:

In this revealing look at home care, Cynthia J. Cranford illustrates how elderly and disabled people and the immigrant women workers who assist them in daily activities develop meaningful relationships even when their different ages, abilities, races, nationalities, and socioeconomic backgrounds generate tension. As Cranford shows, workers can experience devaluation within racialized and gendered class hierarchies, which shapes their pursuit of security.

Cranford analyzes the tensions, alliances, and compromises between security for workers and flexibility for elderly and disabled people, and she argues that workers and recipients negotiate flexibility and security within intersecting inequalities in varying ways depending on multiple interacting dynamics.

What comes through from Cranford's analysis is the need for deeply democratic alliances across multiple axes of inequality. To support both flexible care and secure work, she argues for an intimate community unionism that advocates for universal state funding, designs culturally sensitive labor market intermediaries run by workers and recipients to help people find jobs or workers, and addresses everyday tensions in home workplaces.

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Quietly shrinking cities : Canadian urban population loss in an age of growth

/ Maxwell Hartt.
Vancouver : UBC Press, 2021. 213 pages.

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From the publisher:

The author examines population loss in cities in Canada as a process of urban change and the opportunities and obstacles involved in planning in shrinking cities, discussing their perception, definition, and categorization, as well as strategies for decision makers. He describes the literature on growth and decline, the idea of a shrinking city, and associated debates regarding its definition and operationalization; the growth, decline, and movement of Canadian urban populations over the past four decades and the prevalence, severity, and persistence of urban shrinkage and slow growth; how industrial changes have contributed to Canada's urban population geography, particularly the shift away from primary resource-extraction and manufacturing and how post-industrial transformations have permanently changed the urban landscape; case studies of Cape Breton Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia and the community of Chatham-Kent in Ontario; how decision makers in shrinking cities should not only concentrate on regrowing their population but focus on adapting to better represent their smaller population; and perceptions of urban shrinkage and the applicability and feasibility of rightsizing strategies.

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Assisted suicide in Canada : moral, legal, and policy considerations

/ / Travis Dumsday.
Vancouver : University of British Columbia Press, 2021. x, 197 pages.

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From the publisher:

The author examines the moral, legal, and policy issues surrounding the decision to decriminalize assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia in the 2015 ruling in Carter v. Canada, arguing that the Supreme Court of Canada made moral and legal errors in the case and that assisted suicide and active euthanasia are morally impermissible acts they should be recriminalized. He describes key legal rulings that led to the circumstances permitting assisted suicide and active euthanasia in Canada; developments since the case, including reactions from the Harper government, the Trudeau government, and the provinces; the ethics involved in medical assistance in dying (MAID); arguments for and against the moral permissibility of MAID; what the policy response to the case should be, specifically to repeal Bill C-14 and negate the case; how the provinces should not funded MAID; the issue of rights of conscience for healthcare providers and whether those who object to assisted suicide should be required to provide referrals for it; and whether Canadian healthcare providers who participate in assisted suicide are at risk of prosecution in other countries where it is illegal, as well as best practices for recordkeeping and information sharing, and the legal prospects for future court rulings overturning the case.

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Rising up : the fight for living wage work in Canada

/ edited by Bryan Evans, Carlo Fanelli, and Tom McDowell.
Vancouver : UBC Press, 2021. x, 287 pages.

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From the publisher:

Despite one of the highest rates of low-wage work in the West, Canada is home to a strong and storied labor movement. Rising Up traces the history of living wage activism in Canada and its battle against broken trade unions and dismantled safety nets. In a labor market characterized by inequality, instability, and austerity, the authors contend, the living wage movement must play a central role in our plans for a more equitable future.

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Indian in the Cabinet : speaking truth to power

Jody Wilson-Raybould. First edition.
Toronto : HarperCollinsPublishersLtd, 2021. 331 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates.

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From the publisher:

A compelling political memoir of leadership and speaking truth to power by one of the most inspiring women of her generation

Jody Wilson-Raybould was raised to be a leader. Inspired by the example of her grandmother, who persevered throughout her life to keep alive the governing traditions of her people, and raised as the daughter of a hereditary chief and Indigenous leader, Wilson-Raybould always knew she would take on leadership roles and responsibilities. She never anticipated, however, that those roles would lead to a journey from her home community of We Wai Kai in British Columbia to Ottawa as Canada’s first Indigenous Minister of Justice and Attorney General in the Cabinet of then newly elected prime minister, Justin Trudeau.

Wilson-Raybould’s experience in Trudeau’s Cabinet reveals important lessons about how we must continue to strengthen our political institutions and culture, and the changes we must make to meet challenges such as racial justice and climate change. As her initial optimism about the possibilities of enacting change while in Cabinet shifted to struggles over inclusivity, deficiencies of political will, and concerns about adherence to core principles of our democracy, Wilson-Raybould stood on principle and, ultimately, resigned. In standing her personal and professional ground and telling the truth in front of the nation, Wilson-Raybould demonstrated the need for greater independence and less partisanship in how we govern.

Indian in the Cabinet: Speaking Truth to Power is the story of why Wilson-Raybould got into federal politics, her experience as an Indigenous leader sitting around the Cabinet table, her proudest achievements, the very public SNC-Lavalin affair, and how she got out and moved forward. Now sitting as an Independent Member in Parliament, Wilson-Raybould believes there is a better way to govern and a better way for politics – one that will make a better country for all.

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Demanding equality : one hundred years of Canadian feminism

/ Joan Sangster.
Vancouver ; Toronto : UBC Press, 2021. 484 pages.

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From the publisher:

One hundred years of feminist activism, from the 1880s to the 1980s, presented multiple paths for women's search for equality, autonomy, and dignity. Women fashioned different dreams of freedom and social transformation, yet what is Canadian feminism? Demanding Equality illustrates feminist thought and organizing from mid-nineteenth-century, Enlightenment-inspired writing to the multi-issue movement of the 1980s, with its focus on feminism as a collective project of resistance. Instead of equating feminism solely with women's search for individual independence and equality with men, Joan Sangster argues that the pursuit of different pathways to equality often created a hybrid politics in which emancipation was intertwined with, and propelled by, struggles against related injustices such as racism, war, colonialism, economic disparity, or homophobia. She also challenges the popular "wave" theory that identifies successive surges of equality seeking, concluding that feminist activism was continuous despite changing significantly across decades. Demanding Equality presents a picture of a heterogeneous movement characterized by both alliances and fierce internal debates. This comprehensive rear-view look at feminism in all its political guises encourages a wider public conversation about what Canadian feminism has been, is, and should be.

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A complex exile : homelessness and social exclusion in Canada

/ Erin Dej.
Vancouver ; Toronto : UBC Press, 2020. 254 pages.

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Review from Book News:

This accessible work for students, scholars, and general readers integrates theory, research, and stories of real people. Author Erin Dej (criminology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Ontario) argues that over that past 30 years, Canada’s policies have created a homelessness industrial complex that perpetuates social exclusion. She critiques the biomedical model for understanding homelessness and demonstrates that the mental health system, the shelter system, and the criminal justice system reinforce social exclusion for those already marginalized. The author draws on interviews with 44 men and women, along with data collection and participant observation while volunteering at two shelters in Ottawa, where she established relationships with homeless people over a period of two years. Her research also includes the insights from a focus group she led with those working in the homeless sector.

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Psychology and behavioral economics : applications for public policy

/ edited by Kai Ruggeri. Second edition.
Abingdon : Routledge, 2022. xxiv, 384 pages.

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From the publisher:

Psychology and Behavioral Economics offers an expert introduction to how psychology can be applied to a range of public policy areas. It examines the impact of psychological research for public policy making in economic, financial and consumer sectors, in education, healthcare and at workplace, for energy and the environment, and in communications.

Your energy bills show you how much you use compared to the average in your area. Your doctor sends you a text message reminder when your appointment is coming up. Your bank gives you three choices for how much to pay off on your credit card each month. Wherever you look, there has been a rapid increase in the amount of interest we place on understanding real human behaviors in everyday decisions, and these behavioral insights are now regularly used to influence everything from how companies recruit employees through to large-scale public policy and government regulation. But what is the actual evidence behind these tactics, and how did psychology become such a major player in economics? Answering these questions and more, this team of authors working across both academia and government present this fully revised and updated reworking of Behavioral Insights for Public Policy. This update covers everything from the history of how policy was historically developed, major research in human behavior and social psychology, and key moments that brought behavioral sciences into the forefront of public policy. Featuring over 100 empirical examples of how behavioral insights are being used to address some of the most critical challenges faced globally, key topics covered include evidence-based policy, a brief history of behavioral and decision sciences, behavioral economics, and policy evaluation, all illustrated throughout with lively case studies and major empirical examples.

Including end-of-chapter questions, a glossary, and key concept boxes to aid retention, as well as a new chapter revealing the work of the Canadian Government’s behavioral insights unit, this is the perfect textbook for students of psychology, economics, public health, education, and organizational sciences, as well as public policy professionals looking for fresh insight into the underlying theory and practical applications in a range of public policy areas.

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Beaver bison horse : the traditional knowledge and ecology of the Northern Great Plains

/ R. Grace Morgan.
Regina : University of Regina Press, 2020. xiv, 334 pages.

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Review from the publisher:

Indigenous Peoples of the North American Plains were ecologists of the highest order— then the horse came and changed everything.

Beaver, Bison, Horse is an interdisciplinary account of the ecological relationships the Indigenous nations of the Plains had to the beaver, bison, horse, and their habitat prior to contact. Morgan’s research shows an ecological understanding that sustained Indigenous peoples for thousands of years, with critical information on how the beaver manage water systems and protect communities from drought in the Northern Great Plains.

Morgan’s work is a game-changer.

For the first time in print, her important research now appears with a foreword by James Daschuk, bestselling and award-winning author of Clearing the Plains, and an afterword by Cristina Eisenberg, author of The Carnivore Way and The Wolf’s Tooth.

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