Information for Manitobans
 

Self-Isolation (Quarantine) and Isolation


Showing symptoms or exposed to COVID-19?

It's CRITICAL to follow public health advice when self-isolating (quarantining) or isolating to keep COVID-19 from spreading.


What is the difference between self-isolation (quarantine) and isolation?

Self-isolation, or quarantine, is the 10-day period in which individuals who may have been exposed to COVID-19, but do not yet know if they are sick, are asked to stay away from others to limit further spread. While most people become infected within 10 days, it may take up to 14 days in a minority of cases. For this reason, individuals are asked to self-monitor for symptoms for 4 days following the end of their self-isolation (quarantine). Even if you do not have symptoms now, it is possible to transmit COVID-19 before you start showing symptoms or without ever developing symptoms. Note, if you have travelled, your self-isolation (quarantine) period is 14 days.

Isolation is the 10-day period in which individuals who are sick or have tested positive for COVID-19 are required to stay away from others who are not sick because they could spread COVID-19. Most people are infectious for ten days after their symptoms begin.


On this page:


Variants of Concern and Self-Isolation (Quarantine) and Isolation

With the detection of variants of concern (VOC) in Manitoba, public health measures continue to be needed for all cases to limit their spread and allow more time to immunize the population and protect those who are not eligible for COVID-19 immunization.

By following public health advice, including self-isolation (quarantine) or isolation, you can protect yourself, your loved ones and people in the community. It's CRITICAL to follow public health advice when self-isolating (quarantining) or isolating to keep COVID-19 from spreading.

All households with a positive case who chooses to isolate at home may need to self-isolate (quarantine) for up 20 days if they can’t isolate away from other household members. Options to reduce this impact should be discussed with the public health.




What is Self-Isolation (quarantine) and why is it important

Self-isolation, or quarantine, is the 10-day, followed by 4-day self-monitoring for symptoms, period in which individuals who may have been exposed to COVID-19, through close contact, but do not yet know if they are sick are asked to stay away from others to limit further spread if they should test positive for COVID-19. While most people become infected within 10 days after exposure, it may take up to 14 days in a minority of cases. For this reason, individuals are asked to self-monitor for symptoms for 4 days following the end of their self-isolation (quarantine). Even if you do not have symptoms now, it is possible to transmit COVID-19 before you start showing symptoms or without ever developing symptoms.

If you become symptomatic during your self-isolation (quarantine), you will need to get tested and must continue self-isolating. If you do not have any symptoms after your 10 day self-isolation (quarantine) period and you have tested negative, you can stop self-isolating. If you develop symptoms after your self-isolation (quarantine) has ended, you should isolate immediately and go for testing.

Note, if you have travelled, your self-isolation (quarantine) period is 14 days.

How it works:


Day 1 - image of a person being exposed to someone who has COVID-19

Day 1 - Hailey is advised that she was a close contact to someone with COVID-19 and is instructed to self-isolate (quarantine) for 10 days, followed by self-monitoring for symptoms for 4 more days, and to get tested if symptoms develop.


Day 1 - image of a person being exposed to someone who has COVID-19

Day 2 - Hailey goes to get tested while she is showing no symptoms.

Day 5 - Hailey receives a negative test result.


Day 1 - image of a person being exposed to someone who has COVID-19

Day 7 - Thinking she didn’t have COVID-19 and that she wasn’t contagious, Hailey attends a gathering and is in close contact with 13 people.


Day 1 - image of a person being exposed to someone who has COVID-19

Day 9 - Hailey develops symptoms of COVID-19 and gets tested again.


Day 1 - image of a person being exposed to someone who has COVID-19

Day 11 - Hailey tests positive for COVID-19.


Hailey was contagious for 48 hours before her symptoms started, and she exposed 13 people to COVID-19.  Through contact tracing these people have been identified as her close contacts and are now required to self-isolate (quarantine) for 10 days, followed by self-monitoring for symptoms for 4 days, unless otherwise exempt.

COVID-19 spreads easily if given the chance, this is why it is important to self-isolate (quarantine) for the full for 10 days and continue self-monitoring for symptoms for 4 days. Only get tested if you develop symptoms or are advised by a public health official to go for testing.




When to Self-Isolate (Quarantine)

It's CRITICAL to SELF-ISOLATE (quarantine) when:

  • You have recently returned to Manitoba from domestic or international travel and are not exempt from the self-isolation order
  • You have been identified as a close contact to a confirmed COVID-19 case
  • You share a household with a COVID-19 case who is currently isolating at home
  • You live with a symptomatic household member who is self-isolating (quarantining) due to exposure to a confirmed COVID-19 case or recent return from domestic or international travel

Close contacts of a COVID-19 case may be exempt from self-isolation (quarantine) if they have no symptoms AND are fully vaccinated or were recently infected with COVID-19 in the past six months. Household members of a symptomatic close contact may be exempt from self-isolation (quarantine) if they no symptoms AND are fully vaccinated or were recently infected with COVID-19 in the past six months. Public health officials will let you know if you meet criteria for exemption. Individuals who are exempt from self-isolation (quarantine) should still self-monitor for symptoms and if any develop, isolate immediately and go for testing.




What is Isolation and why is it important

Isolation is the 10-day period in which individuals who are sick or have tested positive for COVID-19 are required to stay away from others who are not sick because they could spread COVID-19. Most people are infectious for ten days after their symptoms begin.
If you’re still symptomatic at day 10, you will need to continue isolating.




When to Isolate

It’s CRITICAL to ISOLATE when:

  • You have tested positive for COVID-19
  • You have been tested and are waiting for your test results
  • You have COVID-19 symptoms, regardless of whether you have been exposed through travel or contact with a case



How to Self-Isolation (Quarantine)

Stay away from others if you have cold or flu-like symptoms, even if you have not been exposed to COVID-19.

Follow these important steps to properly self-isolate (quarantine) and help prevent the spread of COVID-19 to others in your home and your community:

  • Avoid contact with other people.
  • Stay at home.
    • In a room or on a separate floor away from household members.
    • Stay away from common areas in the home.
    • Use a separate bathroom, if possible. If it is not possible, clean the shared bathroom frequently.
    • Wear a medical mask and stay two metres (six feet) away from others if you must leave your room or floor for necessary reasons, including using the bathroom.
    • Avoid contact with pets in your home.
  • Clean your hands regularly.
    • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 15 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer:
      • Before and after preparing food (avoid preparing food for others)
      • Before and after eating
      • After using the toilet
      • After touching shared household items (e.g., dishes, towels, etc.)
      • Before and after touching/using a face mask
    • After disposing of waste (e.g. a tissue) or handling contaminated laundry
    • Whenever hands look dirty.
  • Cover your cough and sneeze.
    • Cough or sneeze into your sleeve or a tissue.
    • Throw used tissues in the garbage and immediately wash your hands, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid sharing household and personal items.
    • Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, serving/eating utensils, towels, bedding or other items.
    • Do not share cigarettes or other items that are put in the mouth.
  • Keep your environment clean.
    • Clean and disinfect high touch areas (toilets, taps, light switches, doorknobs, TVs, phones, electronics and TV remotes) at least twice daily, or as needed.
    • Use store bought disinfectant. If disinfectant is not available, use a diluted bleach solution (20 ml [four teaspoons] bleach for every litre of water) and allow the surface to remain wet for one minute before scrubbing.
    • Clean and disinfect shared bathrooms or common areas frequently.
    • Use hot water when operating the dishwasher or washing machine.
  • Make sure your home has good airflow.
    • Open the window, as weather allows.
  • Confine activities to your home and outdoor property.
  • Do not leave home to go to work, school or other public places.
  • Do not attend faith-based services.
  • Arrange to have groceries and supplies dropped off at your door. Do not go to curbside pickup from stores and restaurants.
  • Do not have any visitors to your home. 
  • Cancel or notify service providers who regularly come into your home that a household member is sick.
  • Consult with home care workers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, social workers, and other service providers that come to your home about the best action for care.

Leave your home if you need emergency or urgent medical care.

When Self-Isolation (Quarantine) Ends:

Self-isolation (quarantine) for close contacts of a COVID-19 case is for 10 days, total. This means your self-isolation (quarantine) period ends on the 11th day after your last contact to someone with COVID-19. For example, if your Day One was March 28, your self-isolation ends on April 7. If you have no symptoms, this means you can stop self-isolating on April 8.

However, you should continue to self-monitor for symptoms 4 days after your self-isolation (quarantine) ends and immediately isolate if any develop. In addition you should also focus on the fundamentals, including physical distancing, wearing masks and washing your hands.

Note: As per the public health order, 14 days of self-isolation (quarantine) is required for all individuals returning to or coming to Manitoba from all jurisdictions, unless the individual is exempt in the order from quarantine. Individuals who travelled internationally, must follow Federal testing and self-isolation (quarantine) requirements




How-to Isolate?

If you have COVID-19 symptoms and/or have been confirmed through laboratory testing as confirmed COVID-19 case, you should stay at home and avoid contact with other people to prevent spreading COVID-19 in your community.

If you are confirmed to have COVID-19, your household members will be considered as close contacts and required to self-isolate (quarantine), unless otherwise exempt. The duration of their self-isolation (quarantine) period will depend on your ability to isolate away from them.

If you are able to isolate away from your household members (e.g. separate living space and washroom and no shared spaces, including the kitchen) and have no close contact with them, they will be required to self-isolate (quarantine), unless otherwise exempt, for 10 days, followed by 4 days of self-monitoring for symptoms, from their last contact with you. Testing to ensure there hasn’t been household transmission is recommended on day 7 of their self-isolation (quarantine) period.

If you are unable to isolate away from your household members (e.g. shared spaces), they will need to self-isolate (quarantine) for your isolation period (usually 10 days), plus 10 days after you end your isolation, followed by 4 more days of self-monitoring for symptoms. This means that household members will need to stay at home and not go out to work, school or other places for at least 20 days.

If some household members become cases, this period could be even longer. To minimize the potential impact on your household members, you should discuss alternative isolation options with your public health nurse that will allow you to isolate away from your household members and shorten their self-isolation (quarantine) period to 10 days, followed by 4 days of self-monitoring for symptoms, after their last contact with you.

If you must isolate at home, the following measures should be followed, and may minimize the risk of exposing other household members.

  • Stay in your own room, on a separate floor if possible
  • Use your own bathroom, if not possible, ensure frequent cleaning and disinfection
  • If you must leave your room/ floor wear a medical mask and keep 2 meters/ 6 feet away from other household members
  • Confine activities to your home and outdoor property
  • Do not leave home to go to work, school or other public spaces
  • Do not attend faith-based services
  • Arrange to have groceries and supplies dropped off at your door. Do not go to curbside pickup from stores and restaurants
  • Do not have any visitors to your home
  • Cancel service providers who regularly come into your home. Consult with home care workers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, social workers, and any other providers that come to your home about the bets action for care
  • Only leave you home if you need emergency or urgent medical care



Exemptions

If you are identified as a close contact of a COVID-19 case, but you have received both vaccine doses, you may be exempt from needing to self-isolate (quarantine), provided:

  • You have no symptoms and it has been more than 14 days since your 2nd dose at the time of the exposure, ANDYou do not have a medical condition that could compromise vaccine effectiveness,
  • Or, you may be exempt if you have no symptoms and were previously infected with COVID-19 in the last 6 months.

Public health officials will help determine whether you are exempt from needing to self-isolate (quarantine).  Individuals should still monitor for symptoms of COVID-19 for 14 days following any exposure, and isolate yourself immediately if any develop and get tested.

For domestic travellers, if you are fully immunized and two weeks have passed since your last dose at the time of your arrival, you are exempt from needing to self-isolate (quarantine) under the provincial travel order. Domestic travel exemptions include children who are not eligible for the vaccine based on age, if all individuals they travelled with are fully immunized.

International travelers MUST follow federal self-isolation (quarantine) requirements.



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