Safety Fitness Program Expansion

Commercial Vehicle Trip Inspections

The purpose of a trip inspection is to ensure that defective equipment or other problems are identified and repaired before a heavy vehicle is driven or towed on the highway. This prevents the use of a vehicle with defects that may cause or contribute to the severity of a collision and also reduces the incidence of breakdowns on the highway.

Heavy trucks, heavy passenger vehicles, school buses, and any trailers being towed by them, must be inspected:

  • Every 24 hours the vehicle or trailer is in service
  • If the vehicle or trailer is not in service for more than 24 consecutive hours, it must be inspected before it is driven or towed

Each vehicle type has its own inspection schedule that lists the specific components that must be inspected:

Each inspection schedule includes descriptions of the following two types of defects for each vehicle component:

  • minor defect: A vehicle with a minor defect may be driven or towed. The defect must be reported to the operator and repaired before the next inspection
  • major defect: A vehicle with a major defect must be repaired before being driven or towed

The driver or other qualified person must conduct an inspection that is adequate to detect any of the minor or major defects listed in its schedule. Any logical inspection procedure may be used, as long as all items on the applicable schedule are inspected.

The person performing the inspection must prepare a written or electronic inspection report (sample).

The inspection is valid for 24 hours. Defects must be recorded as follows:

No Defects

If no defects are found, this must be noted on the report. Note that any defects arising while en route must be recorded on that day’s report.

Minor Defects

All minor defects must be recorded and reported to the operator before the next inspection. Repairs must be completed before the next inspection.

Major Defects

All major defects must be recorded and reported to the operator immediately. The vehicle may not be driven or a trailer may not be towed until all major defects are repaired. However, the vehicle/trailer may be driven or towed directly to the nearest repair facility if it is safe to do so.

The inspection report and the applicable schedule must be carried by the driver and shown to a peace officer if requested. Reports must be submitted to the operator within 20 days. The operator must retain CVTI reports for a minimum of 6 months. Records of repairs must also be retained in the vehicle maintenance file.

NOTE: A written report is not required on any day when the vehicle is operated solely within a 160 km radius of the operator’s place of business.  The inspection must still be conducted and any minor or major defects must still be reported to the operator and repaired as stated above.