Safety Fitness Program Expansion

Hours of Service

The hours of service (HOS) regulations are intended to reduce fatigue-related accidents by setting maximum driving and on-duty times and minimum off-duty times for drivers. All operators and drivers must comply with the HOS requirements, unless one or more of the following exemptions apply:

  • a two or three-axle vehicle transporting primary products of a farm, forest, sea, or lake, which have been produced by either the operator or the driver, or a return trip, if the vehicle is empty or transporting products used in the principal operation of a farm, forest, sea or lake
  • an emergency vehicle
  • a vehicle transporting people or goods to provide disaster relief
  • an urban transit bus
  • a vehicle driven for personal use if all of the following conditions are met
  • the vehicle is unloaded
  • any trailers are unhitched
  • the distance traveled does not exceed 75 km per day
  • the driver records the odometer readings at the beginning and end of the personal use

Note: if your heavy passenger vehicle is not registered as a Public Service Vehicle, then you do not need to comply with these requirements.

If none of the above conditions apply, all operators of heavy vehicles must ensure their drivers comply with all of the requirements, and must maintain all the required records for at least six months.

All drivers of heavy vehicles must comply with all of the requirements, complete daily logs and retain all supporting documents. 

Do I Follow Federal Rules or Provincial Rules?

Have any of your heavy vehicles ever crossed a provincial or international boundary? If so, then you and all your drivers must comply with the federal Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service Regulation.

If none of your heavy vehicles have ever crossed a provincial or international boundary, then you and all your drivers must comply with the provincial Drivers Hours of Service Regulation.
The two regulations are very similar, with one major exception regarding the logbook exemption, indicated below. 

Logbook Exemption (federal)

Drivers who meet all of the following conditions are exempt from the requirement to maintain a daily log (Note: They must still comply with all other requirements):

  • driver drives the vehicle within a 160 km radius of the operator’s home terminal (“home terminal” may include a temporary work site that has been designated by the operator)
  • driver returns to the home terminal each day to begin at least 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time
  • operator must maintain detailed time records, including the time of each duty status change and total hours spent in each duty status (sample)

Logbook Exemption (provincial)

Drivers who meet all of the following conditions are exempt from the requirement to maintain a daily log (Note: They must still comply with all other requirements):

  • driver drives the vehicle within a 160 km radius of the operator’s home terminal (“home terminal” may include a temporary work site that has been designated by the operator)
  • driver returns to the home terminal each day to begin at least 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time
  • operator maintains accurate records (sample) of the driver’s starting and ending time each day

 

 

Brandon 160 km radius Winnipeg 160 km radius

 

 

Record Keeping

Unless the log exemption applies, the driver must maintain accurate daily logs for every day, including days off. When requested to do so by an inspector, the driver must produce logs for the current day and the previous 14 days, as well as supporting documents for the current trip.

The driver must submit daily logs and supporting documents to the operator within 20 days.This is usually done at the end of each trip. 

The operator must retain the logs and supporting documents for a minimum of six months.
If the log exemption applies, the carrier must retain the time records and all supporting documents for a minimum of six months.