Manitoba

Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living

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Protect yourself from West Nile virus

2016 Surveillance for West Nile virus in Manitoba


Positive West Nile virus (WNV) Surveillance Indicators*

Surveillance Indicators** 2016 2015 2014 Historical Maximum
WNV Positive Mosquito Collections (Adults)
39
30
24
948
Human Cases (Total)***
20
5
4
585

* As of September 23, 2016

** The historical comparison data is based on the same period of time for each year represented in the table above.

*** Additional information on these cases including classification, severity and health region of residence is available here

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Culex Tarsalis Mosquito Trap Catch by Health Region

Trapping Week Health Region Manitoba
Interlake-Eastern Prairie Mountain Southern Winnipeg
May 22 - May 28
0
0
< 1
< 1
< 1
May 29 - June 4
< 1
0
< 1
< 1
< 1
June 5 - June 11
0
0
< 1
< 1
< 1
June 12 - June 18
0
< 1
< 1
< 1
< 1
June 19 - June 25
2
1
4
1
2
June 26 - July 2
2
< 1
5
3
3
July 3 - July 9
2
6
6
9
6
July 10 - July 16
5
13
32
14
18
July 17- July 23
7
24
51
10
26
July 24 - July 30
21
71
128
94
87
July 31 - August 6
50
248
282
225
223
August 7 - August 13
21
139
96
113
102
August 14 - August 20
8
39
51
44
39
August 21 - August 27
1
4
7
5
5
August 28 - Sept. 3
1
2
4
1
2
Sept. 4 - Sept. 10
1
<1
2
1
1
Sept. 11 - Sept. 17
No trapping
0
<1
<1
<1

* As of September 23, 2016

Permanent mosquito traps are set up in 29 community areas in southern Manitoba to monitor Culex tarsalis mosquitoes, the mosquitoes that are most likely to transmit West Nile virus to humans in Manitoba. The above table will represent the average number of Culex tarsalis mosquitoes per trap catch for the week by health region and provides a relative measure of the activity levels of Culex tarsalis from one region to another and over time. This measure is an indicator as to whether Culex tarsalis mosquito populations are rising or falling or staying steady. It should be noted that these health region averages provide an approximate indication of the number of Culex tarsalis in the health region, counts in specific locations within the health region will vary depending on local conditions, temperature, precipitation, etc.

Note:  normally, two Centers for Disease Control (CDC) mosquito traps baited with carbon dioxide are run for two nights each week in each Manitoba community except Winnipeg and Brandon (where proportionately more traps are used because of larger community size). 

The average number of Culex tarsalis per trap catch (a trap catch – may also be called a “collection”- represents the mosquitoes collected by one trap during one night from approximately one hour before sunset until approximately one hour after sunrise) is calculated by dividing the total number of Culex tarsalis collected for the whole week in a given health region by the number of collections.

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Positive Mosquito Collections (Adult) by Health Region

Positive Mosquito Collections (Adult) by Health Region
Interlake- Eastern
1
Prairie Mountain
20
Southern-Sud
12
Winnipeg
6
Total
39

Mosquito samples from the following communities have tested positive for WNV in 2016:

Altona, Brandon, Boissevain, Carberry, Carman, Killarney, Morden, Portage la Prairie, Souris, Steinbach, Stonewall, Virden, West St. Paul, Winkler et Winnipeg.

* As of September 23, 2016

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WNV Human Cases by Health Region*

 

Classification
Health Region**
Total
Interlake-Eastern
Prairie Mountain
Southern
Winnipeg
Probable
0
1
6
2
9
Confirmed
3
1
2
5
11
Total
3
2
8
7
20

* As of September 23, 2016

** Based on region of residence. Note that region of residence may not correspond to region of likely exposure.

Note:  Subject to change as further information becomes available.

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Severity of WNV Human Cases

 
Asymptomatic
West Nile Virus
Non-Neurological Syndrome
West Nile Virus Neurological Syndrome
Under
Investigation
Total
Human Cases
0
6
5
9
20

* As of September 23, 2016

Note:  Subject to change as further information becomes available.

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Weekly WNV Surveillance Report

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Additional information and maps are available at the Public Health Agency of Canada website.

For WNV health concerns, contact your doctor or call:

Health Links - Info Santé
204-788-8200
(Winnipeg) or toll-free 1-888-315-9257