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Public Health

Ebola Virus Disease

Ebola Virus Disease Fact Sheet

  • Ebola virus disease is a serious illness where the Ebola virus spreads through the body and can cause fever and other symptoms in people.
  • The Ebola virus does not spread easily from person to person. It is spread by contact with body fluids, primarily blood, vomit and feces of infected people; some animals (bats, monkeys and apes in Central or West Africa); or medical equipment that was in contact with infected body fluids, like needles. It is not spread through casual contact and is not transmitted until the infected person shows signs of illness.
  • Travel to a country currently affected by the outbreak (Guinea) may put a person at risk.
  • Risk from travel to any other country is very low unless the individual has been in contact with a person with Ebola.
  • The risk of a case of Ebola virus disease in Manitoba is very low.
Ebola virus

Ebola virus
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Image Content Provider: CDC Public Health Image Library


Symptoms

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a serious illness that was first discovered in a remote part of Central Africa in 1976. Symptoms of Ebola include fever, tiredness, muscle aches, severe headache, red eyes, sore throat, vomiting and diarrhea that can be bloody.  Fever is usually the first symptom of Ebola.  Ebola can also cause kidney and liver problems. When the disease progresses, there may be a rash and bleeding from inside and outside the body.  Ebola can cause death but early medical care increases the chances of survival.

Symptoms start between two and 21 days after infection.


Causes

Ebola infections and outbreaks have occurred from time to time in areas surrounding rain forests in Central and Western Africa. While the natural reservoir of EVD is unknown, some bat species are suspected to carry the virus.

Ebola is not easy to spread. Ebola can spread by contact with body fluids, primarily blood, vomit and feces of infected people; some animals (bats, monkeys and apes in Central or West Africa); or medical equipment that was in contact with infected body fluids, like needles.

Ebola is not spread through the air, by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread by handling bushmeat (African wild animals hunted for food).

You can’t get Ebola from people who have no symptoms, even if they were recently in an affected country.

Just because someone who has recently been to an affected country is sick, it doesn’t mean they have Ebola. 


Treatment

Ebola is diagnosed by a blood test.  Because the National Microbiology Lab is in Winnipeg, lab results are available quickly.

People can recover from Ebola when they receive proper and timely medical care for their symptoms. Scientists are working on developing a vaccine and treatment options for Ebola.

Prevention

EVD prevention measures include: practicing appropriate hand hygiene, avoiding direct contact with a person or corpse infected with the Ebola virus and avoiding non-essential travel to regions affected by ongoing EVD outbreaks.


Current Risk Status

Updated: October 8, 2016

On March 29, 2016 the World Health Organization lifted the Public Health Emergency of International Concern related to the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa.

The public health risk in Canada and Manitoba to EVD remains very low.


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To receive contact information for leads on other documents for Health Care Providers, please call 204-788-6737.


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Information for Travelers

For general inquiries:
Communicable Disease Control
Public Health
Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living
4th Floor - 300 Carlton St.
Winnipeg, Manitoba
R3B 3M9
CANADA
Phone: 204-788-6737
Fax: 204-948-2040

Health Links–Info Santé
204-788-8200 or 1-888-315-9257