Labour & Regulatory Services - Workplace, Safety & Health

FAQs: Prosecutions and Convictions

Violations of workplace safety and health laws may result in a prosecution. If charges are laid, the accused must enter a plea in court (guilty or not guilty). Fines upon conviction may be issued:

  1. to a maximum of $250,000 (first offence)
  2. to $500,000 (second or subsequent offence), plus a maximum of $25,000 (first offence) or $50,000 (second or subsequent offence) for each day that the offence continues.
  3. Where criminal negligence has lead to a serious workplace injury, illness or fatality, charges may also be laid under the Criminal Code of Canada.

    Prosecution and convictions are applied as behaviour-changing tool to encourage safe work practices. Prosecution may be recommended following an investigation by Workplace Safety and Health, where one or more of the following criteria have been identified:
    • Injury or illness as a direct result of contraventions to safety and health legislation;
    • Repeated or willful non-compliance to safety and health requirements; or,
    • Continuing to work while under stop work order.

Contact the Workplace Safety & Health Branch

Phone: 204-957-SAFE  (7233)
Toll-free: 1-855-957-SAFE (7233)

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