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Bereavement Leave


Bereavement leave allows employees unpaid time off to deal with the death of a family member, without fear of job loss.



How long can employees be off on bereavement leave?

Under The Employment Standards Code, employees are allowed to take up to three days as bereavement leave to deal with the death of a family member.


Who can take bereavement leave?

Anyone employed for at least 30 days with the same employer is entitled to bereavement leave.


Who decides what type of leave an employee is taking?

Employees must tell their employer what type of leave they are taking. The employer will need enough detail to show the time off work meets the requirements for the leave.

When employees request time off, the employer should ask whether they are advising of a leave available under The Employment Standards Code or requesting permission for unpaid time off. Employers do not control when employees can take a leave provided by law, but they do control other types of time off work.


Do employees need to be paid while on bereavement leave?

No. The legislation only requires an employer to provide time off and allow an employee to return to their job when the leave has ended. Employers are not required to pay wages during the leave. Employers can, and often do, give greater benefits than those provided for in the legislation.


Who are considered family members?

Family is defined very broadly for Employment Standards’ purposes. Children, stepchildren, parents, grandparents, spouses, common law spouses, brothers, sisters, step-brothers, step-sisters, aunts, uncles, nieces and nephews are all considered family members. The definition also includes those who are not related, but whom the employee considers to be like a close relative.


What must employees who take bereavement leave tell their employer?

Employees must tell their employer, as soon as possible, which days they will need off. Employers can request reasonable verification that the leave is needed.


What is reasonable verification?

Employers can request reasonable verification of the need for the leave.  Reasonable verification for bereavement leave might be an obituary from a local newspaper, for example. 


Can employees take part of a day as bereavement leave?

When an employee takes part of a day for bereavement leave, the employer may count that as a full day of the leave.  Employers do not have to accommodate an employee taking the leave in part days, as long as they allow the employee to take the leave.


Can employees be fired or laid off because they take bereavement leave?

No. Employers cannot terminate or lay off employees because they have taken or are planning to take a leave.


What happens when the leave ends?

Employees must be allowed to return to their job, or a comparable job with the same or greater benefits and pay, when they return from leave. Employers may not discriminate or attempt to punish employees for taking a leave.


Can employers give paid leave or more time off?

Yes. Employers can, and often do, give greater benefits than those provided for in the legislation. Many employers provide more days or will pay employees for their leave.


What happens to pension and other benefits while an employee is on leave?

While employees are on unpaid leave the employment is deemed to be continuous. When employees return from the leave, they are still entitled to any benefits they had before the leave and their years of service include the time away on the leave.


What is a period of employment?

The length of time from when an employee starts working for an employer until the day the employment ends.

The period of employment also includes periods of temporary interruption in employment (a layoff, an unpaid leave) seasonal employment, and when an employee returns to work for the same employer after a break of less than two months.  Employees who work in a seasonal industry and return to work with the same employer each season have continuous service. Each consecutive season they return adds one more year of service to their total period of employment.


For more information contact Employment Standards:

Phone:     204-945-3352 or toll free in Canada 1-800-821-4307

Fax:           204-948-3046

E-mail:     employmentstandards@gov.mb.ca

Website:  www.manitoba.ca/labour/standards

This is a general overview and the information used is subject to change. For detailed information, please refer to current legislation including The Employment Standards Code, The Construction Industry Wages Act , The Worker Recruitment and Protection Act, or contact Employment Standards.



Date Published: July 25, 2014

 

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