Did You Know That .........?
- Manitoba has two potential areas for oil and gas production, southwest Manitoba and the Hudson Bay lowlands.
- Oil was discovered in Manitoba and has been produced since 1951.
- Manitoba's current oil production is located in southwest Manitoba along the northeastern flank of the Williston Basin, a sedimentary basin that also occupies portions of southern Saskatchewan, North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana.
- Potential hydrocarbon bearing-formations in southwest Manitoba occur to depths of up to 2 300 metres (7,500 feet).
- The majority of the approximately 8,500 wells drilled in Manitoba have only been drilled to Triassic, Mississippian or to the Bakken ; this represents approximately one half of the potential hydrocarbon bearing formations.
- Production in 2012 was a record 2,932,969 m3 – 18.46 million Barrels. The month of March 2012 had the highest production on record – 274,493 m3 (1.7 million Bbls) or 54,724 Bbls per day.
- There is over 76 kilometers of core from wells drilled in Manitoba available for examination.
- All pre-1980 oil production originated from Mississippian Lodgepole and Mission Canyon formations at depths that range from 600 to 1 050 metres (2,000 to 3,500 feet). These formations accounted for approximately 68% of Manitoba's cumulative oil production.
- Oil was discovered in 1980 above the Mississippian in the Triassic Amaranth Formation. Approximately 41% of Manitoba's 2012 production originates from the Amaranth Formation in the Pierson-Waskada area.
- In 1985, oil was discovered in the Bakken Formation in the Daly area. Production from the Bakken made up 3.7% of the 2012 annual production.
- In 1993, oil was discovered in the Jurassic Melita Formation in the St. Lazare area.
- In 2004, oil was discovered in the Devonian Three Forks Formation in the Daly Field, marking Manitoba’s first pre Mississippian Production. In 2012, it accounted for 40% of Manitoba’s oil production.
- As of December 31, 2012, Manitoba oil fields have produced a total of 50.17 million m3 (315,709,106 Bbls) of oil. The Virden field has produced 49% of this total.
- The oldest producing well drilled in Manitoba is Daly Unit #3 Prov. 7-12-10-26 which has produced since July 1951. Manitoba’s most productive well is 2-21-11-26W1 in North Virden Scallion Unit No. 1 which has produced 1.99 million barrels of oil since June 1955.
- Manitoba's oil is of good quality, and in 2012 the average posted selling price for light sour blend crude was $531.95 per cubic metre ($84.53 CDN per barrel). The estimated value of oil sold in 2012 was approximately $1.51 billion.
- As of December 2012, there are approximately 3,608 wells oil wells in Manitoba, 2330 of which were put on production since January 1, 2006.
- In December 2012, average production rate for producing horizontal wells in the province is 3.8 m3 per day (23.9barrels per day), compared to an average production rate of 1.91 m3 per day (12 barrels per day) for producing vertical wells. During 2012, horizontal wells accounted for 77.6% of the province’s total production.
- Currently there are 15 designated oil fields and 178 producing oil pools in southwest Manitoba.
- Manitoba's crude oil production is equivalent to approximately 43% of the province's refined petroleum products requirements.
- Approximately 12.7 million m3 (80 million barrels) of salt water were produced in 2012, that's 4.5 m3 of salt water for every 1 m3 of crude oil produced. Salt water must be separated from the oil and re-injected into subsurface formations.
- Approximately 510 wells are used for purposes other than production, such as disposal of produced water.
- The current cost to drill and complete a well in Manitoba ranges from $325,000 to $1.8 Million depending primarily on depth.
- 614 new wells were drilled in Manitoba during 2012 including 566 horizontal wells; of these wells 506 were cased as potential oil producers (success rate of over 89%), 12 were abandoned dry. No wells were completed as support wells (injection and salt water disposal wells).
- Only 10 to 15% of the oil discovered in Manitoba is recoverable under natural depletion. Recovery may be increased to over 30% by water flooding.
- As of December 31, 2009, the remaining established oil reserves were estimated to be 9.5 million m3 (59.8 million barrels).
- Approximately 80% of the oil and gas rights are owned by private individuals or companies (freehold), the remaining 20% are owned by the Crown in the right of Manitoba.
- There are gas shows in most of the Cretaceous shale formations continuously throughout southwestern Manitoba. the Favel and Carlile formations have the highest gas content and are the most prospective unconventional gas targets.
- Royalties payable to private oil and gas rights owners were estimated at $190 million in 2012.
- Total oil industry expenditures in Manitoba in 2012 were approximately $1.3 billion.
- In July 2008, Manitoba approved a first CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery project in the Sinclair Oil Field.
Conversions - cubic metre = 6.29 barrels
1 barrel = 35 gallons (Imperial)