Principles & Policies for Managing Human Resources


0 - 1 Purpose

Principles & Policies for Managing Human Resources is designed to:

  • Provide an enabling set of standards to guide managers in making decisions about managing the people in their organizations
  • Provide a source for all corporate policies related to human resource management
  • Provide managers with a principles-based approach to managing people
  • Guide human resource professionals in advising managers.
  • Human resource management includes broad managerial functions related to directing organizations: human resource planning, organization design and organization development, diversity and employment equity. It also includes functions related to managing employees: staffing, classification, compensation, Workforce Relations and training.

0 - 2 Principles of Human Resource Management

Principles are fundamental beliefs - generally constant and unchangeable. The principles of human resource management, derived from legislation, management philosophy and organizational values, are touchstones which enable managers to exercise judgment in a variety of situations.

The following principles guide human resource management in government:

Merit The principle of merit means that decisions about appointments and pay are based on an unbiased assessment of one's competencies (e.g. knowledge, skills and abilities). This principle is derived from The Public Service Act.
Fairness Fairness refers to conduct that is unbiased, just and honest. It may also mean treating employees consistently. The principle of fairness, enshrined in The Workforce Relations Act, is fundamental to employee relations.
Diversity Diversity recognizes that people have individual characteristics that make them distinct from others, including age, language, culture, ethnicity, skills, gender, abilities, talents and perspectives. Diversity enriches an environment by facilitating the exchange of different perspectives and ideas.
Equity Equity means applying the principles of justice to correct or supplement employment practices to redress disadvantages experienced by individuals in the workplace. Employment equity is achieved when organizations are representative, fair, inclusive, diverse and respectful of differences. Equity sometimes means treating people the same in spite of their differences. It can also mean treating people differently as a means to achieve equality. This principle is enshrined in The Charter of Rights & Freedoms and The Manitoba Human Rights Code.
Reasonableness Reasonableness means conduct which is sensible, in moderation and based on sound judgment. The principle of reasonableness is a key concept in The Workforce Relations Act and The Manitoba Human Rights Code.
Transparency Transparency refers to policies that are clear, frank and accessible. It also refers to conduct being free from pretense or deceit. It encompasses the principles of access to information embodied in The Personal Investigations Act and The Freedom of Information & Protection of Privacy Act.
Natural Justice Natural justice means that all administrative procedures are fair and are perceived to be fair because due process has been followed.
Public Interest The public interest is served when all actions and decisions of public officials and managers are based on merit, fairness and reasonable consideration of the public's need for service, efficiency, effectiveness, representation and access to information and opportunities.This principle is fundamental to The Public Service Act.

Policies are rules, documented as standards of conduct. They are derived from principles and legislation and designed to help managers decide the right course of action for a specific situation.

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0 - 3 Philosophy of Human Resource Management

The management philosophy of the Manitoba Government is based on fundamental concepts outlined in another publication, The Management Practices Guide. These concepts include the following:

  1. People are the most valued asset in the Manitoba Government. Government's employees are managed with diligence and respect. Managers should demonstrate an honest commitment to using the full potential of every employee and encourage employees to realize their potential.
  2. Effective management creates a goal-oriented atmosphere resulting in excellent service to the public. Managers work efficiently with assigned employees to achieve results so that the public enjoys maximum value for each tax dollar spent.
  3. Each manager's outlook must be corporate. By looking beyond the boundaries of their specific areas of responsibilities, managers are able to align their organization's efforts with broader government and departmental objectives.
  4. Managers are change agents, initiating better methods and managing the process of change.
  5. Human resource planning is a key element of strategic planning, resource allocation and operational planning.

0 - 4 Legislative Framework

The primary legislative framework for human resource management in government is The Public Service Act. The underlying legislative framework which is paramount to the The Public Service Act includes:

Other legislation which impacts on human resource management:

In addition, some employees are governed by applicable collective agreements which outline the terms and conditions of employment. The Regulation respecting Conditions of Employment under The Public Service Act outlines the terms and conditions of employment for employees outside a bargaining unit.

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0 - 5 Scope & Application

The policies contained in Principles & Policies for Managing Human Resources apply to all departments. While departments may implement a supplementary policy if necessary, the Public Service Commission policy is paramount and provides the corporate standard.

These policies do not govern crown corporations, agencies, colleges or non-governmental organizations. However, these organizations are welcome to adapt these policies for their organizations' specific needs.

All managers in the Government of Manitoba are responsible for applying the policies contained in Principles & Policies for Managing Human Resources. If managers need additional guidance in applying these policies, Human Resources and the Public Service Commission will provide technical expertise and policy interpretation. The Public Service Commission evaluates departments' Human Resource programs to ensure accountability for applying these policies appropriately under their delegated authorities.

0 - 6 Authorization

The policies in this manual are prepared by the Public Service Commission and approved by the responsible authorities under a Public Service Commission minute. In the event of a conflict between the electronic copy and the hard copy, the hard copy authorized by Public Service Commission prevails. Only the Public Service Commission can authorize policies for this manual.

Approved by Public Service Commission Board, CSC Minute #15-97/98-1
Cabinet Minute #16, of February 11, 2004.

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