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Sélection de titres nouveaux, septembre 2020 (PDF)

Les choix des bibliothécaires pour septembre 2020 :

The case for a job guarantee

/ Pavlina R. Tcherneva. Cambridge : Polity Press, 2020. x, 147 pages.

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From the publisher:

One of the most enduring ideas in economics is that unemployment is both unavoidable and necessary for the smooth functioning of the economy. This assumption has provided cover for the devastating social and economic costs of job insecurity. It is also false.

In this book, leading expert Pavlina R. Tcherneva challenges us to imagine a world where the phantom of unemployment is banished and anyone who seeks decent, living-wage work can find it - guaranteed. This is the aim of the Job Guarantee proposal: to provide a voluntary employment opportunity in public service to anyone who needs it. Tcherneva enumerates the many advantages of the Job Guarantee over the status quo and proposes a blueprint for its implementation within the wider context of the need for a Green New Deal.

This compact primer is the ultimate guide to the benefits of one of the most transformative public policies being discussed today. It is essential reading for all citizens and activists who are passionate about social justice and building a fairer economy.


Provincial battles, national prize? : elections in a federal state

/ Laura B. Stephenson, Andrea Lawlor, William P. Cross, André Blais, and Elisabeth Gidengil. Montreal : McGill-Queen's University Pres, 2019. ix, 210 pages.

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From the publisher:

In parliamentary systems like Canada, voters directly contribute to the election outcome only in their own riding. However, the focus of election campaigns is often national, emphasizing the leader rather than the local candidate, and national rather than regional polls. This suggests that elections are national contests, but election outcomes clearly demonstrate that support for parties varies strongly by province. Focusing on the 2015 Canadian election campaigns in British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec, three large provinces with different subnational party systems, Provincial Battles, National Prize? evaluates whether we should understand elections in Canada as national wars or individual provincial clashes. The authors draw upon voter and candidate surveys, party campaign behaviour, and media coverage of the election to document how political parties vary their messages and strategies across provinces, how the media communicate and frame those messages, and how voters ultimately respond. The study shows that provincial variations in party support reflect differences in voters' political preferences rather than differences in party messages or media coverage. A novel and comprehensive study, Provincial Battles, National Prize? is the first and only thorough treatment of the party, media, and voter aspects of a federal election campaign through a subnational lens.

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Black cop : my 36 years in police work, and my career-ending experiences with official racism

/ Calvin Lawrence with Miles Howe. Toronto : James Lorimer & Company, Publishers, 2019. 272 pages.

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From the publisher:

Calvin Lawrence became a cop at age twenty. He was recruited by the Halifax police department at a time of heightened racial tension in the city. From the start, some fellow African Canadians wondered if he had sold out. White citizens wondered whether a black Canadian even belonged in the job. Calvin takes readers into his confidence as he learns to navigate as a beat cop, and how to deal with racism in the community — and worse, in the police force itself. Lawrence leaves Halifax to join the RCMP. He shares his experiences about basic training in Regina, followed by a stint as Newfoundland's only black Mountie. He is pegged for undercover work there, but before long his cover is blown. RCMP stereotyping leads him into Toronto's notorious drug squad as an undercover police officer, and then to years in elite Mountie squads protecting prime ministers and presidents. Throughout his career, Calvin experiences hostility and racism within the force — completely contrary to the official values and image of the RCMP. Standing up for his rights gets him blacklisted for advancement, and ultimately leads him to clinical depression arising from workplace hostility and mistreatment. As a seventh-generation Canadian, Calvin Lawrence has written a book which lays bare key failures of Canadian police organizations. Even today they operate on the basis that only white Canadians are entitled to the rights promised to all by the rule of law and the Canadian Charter of Rights.

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The sleeping giant awakens : genocide, Indian residential schools, and the challenge of conciliation

/ David B. MacDonald. Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2019. xii, 240 pages.

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Review from Choice Reviews:

MacDonald (political science, Univ. of Guelph) has written or edited at least five books on relations between indigenous people in settler-dominated societies. In this detailed study he uses genocide as an analytical tool to examine the workings and results of Canada's dealings with the First Nations people. He focuses on the operations of the Indian residential schools system and the "Sixties Scoop," which placed Native children in white families, to understand Canada's Indian policies. He labels the destructive results of these two practices a "sleeping giant," one that Canadian society needs to face. Aware that few average citizens willingly accept the charge of genocide, the author details the work of Raphael Lemkin and the United Nations Genocide Convention to explain what it is and how the residential schools and the forced adoptions of native children fit their definitions. He examines how the Truth and Reconciliation Commission dealt with issues related to genocide and uses their findings of widespread disease and fatalities in the schools to inform Canadian society of these past actions. Altogether a tall order for an academic book.

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Duty and choice : the evolution of the study of voting and voters

/ edited by Peter John Loewen and Daniel Rubenson. Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2019. xv, 290 pages.

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From the publisher:

Devoted to exploring elections as the central act in a democracy, Duty and Choice: The Evolution of the Study of Voting and Voters is animated by a set of three overarching questions: Why do some citizens vote while others do not? How do voters decide to cast their ballots for one candidate and not another? How does the context in which citizens live influence the choices they make? Organized into three sections focused on turnout, vote choice, and electoral systems, the volume seeks to provide novel insights into the most pressing questions for scholars of vote choice and voting behaviour. In addition to featuring several prominent Canadian scholars, the collection includes chapters by leading scholars from the United States and Europe.

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La Sélection de nouveaux titres indique des nouveaux documents de la collection de la Bibliothèque. Elle est publiée tous les mois. Ces documents peuvent être empruntés par le personnel du gouvernement du Manitoba par l'entremise de notre catalogue, par courriel (legislative_library@gov.mb.ca) ou par téléphone (au 204 945-4330). Le public peut également les emprunter par l'intermédiaire des services de prêt entre bibliothèques de leur bibliothèque.

Pour plus de renseignements sur la Sélection de nouveaux titres, appelez-nous au 204 945-6384 ou envoyez-nous un courriel à leglibraryservices@gov.mb.ca