American Dragonhead

American Dragonhead seedling
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American Dragonhead juvenile plant American Dragonhead juvenile plant American Dragonhead leaf
American Dragonhead flowering plant American Dragonhead flowering plant  American Dragonhead leaf and petiole American Dragonhead leaf margin


An annual or biennial, reproducing by seeds. The stems are erect, branched, and square. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, and coarsely toothed. Leaf veins do not extend to the serrated leaf margins. The flowers are dense spikes, bluish-purple in colour, located at the ends of branches or clustered in leaf axils. Stiff spiny bracts at the base of the spike make the head look prickly. The seeds are brownish-black, barely 3 mm long, within a calyx, round on one side and ridged on the other. A calyx contains 4 seeds.

Scouting Techniques

Take a minimum of 20 weed counts across the field. Check clover and forage seed fields, gardens, and native grasslands for patches of this weed.

Control Tips

  • Groups 9 & 10 in herbicide tolerant crops