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Incineration does not mean open air burning of carcasses, but the burning of mortalities in a specially designed container. Incinerators must be registered and meet the requirements of the Incinerators Regulation under The Environment Act. This ensures that the equipment meets minimum standards to achieve complete and proper combustion. The regulation also restricts the intensity of smoke and particulate matter that may be emitted. Incineration generally has not been used to a significant degree because proper incinerators and fuel, usually propane or natural gas, are costly. Sometimes it is necessary to burn large numbers of carcasses as quickly as possible to control the spread of highly contagious diseases. These are unique circumstances. Such emergency carcass disposal must be conducted according to requirements of the federal Health of Animals Act.